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Monterey, Virginia

Monterey, Virginia
The view down into Monterey
The view down into Monterey
Location of Monterey, Virginia
Location of Monterey, Virginia
Country United States
State Virginia
County Highland
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,894 ft (882 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 147
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 24465
Area code(s) 540
FIPS code 51-52680[1]
GNIS feature ID 1498517[2]

Monterey is a town in Highland County, Virginia, United States. The population was 147 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Highland County.[3]


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Economy and tourism 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Climate 5
  • References 6


The selection of Monterey as the county seat of Highland County in 1847 was associated with the blazing of the Staunton and Parkersburg Turnpike in 1838. The new town was named in commemoration of the Battle of Monterrey, Mexico (September 21–24, 1846) in which General (and future President) Zachary Taylor gained a key victory for the United States in the Mexican-American War (1846–1848).[4] Monterey is a Spanish word meaning "mountain of the king".[4][5]

The GW Jeep Site, Monterey High School, and Monterey Hotel are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]


Monterey is located at (38.411888, -79.580468).[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.8 km²), all of it land.[7]

Economy and tourism

Monterey is located on U.S. Route 250, which was built through the area in the 1840s as a portion of the historic Staunton-Parkersburg Turnpike which linked the upper Shenandoah Valley with the Ohio River.[8] The town of Monterey is heavily dependent on agriculture and on niche tourism generated from its many events and shops catering to tourists visiting for the tranquility and mountain air. The biggest festival is the Highland County Maple Festival, held on the second and third weekends of March, which brings roughly 50,000 visitors to the area.


As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 147 people, 79 households, and 46 families residing in the town. The population density was 490 people per square mile (183.8/km²). There were 121 housing units at an average density of 403.3 per square mile (151.25/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.6% White, 0.7% Native American, and 0.7% Black or African American. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.7% of the population.

There were 79 households out of which 20.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.8% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.86 and the average family size was 2.37.

In the town the population was spread out with 14.3% under the age of 18, 4.7% from 18 to 24, 19.7% from 25 to 44, 33.4% from 45 to 64, and 27.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 51.5 years. For every 100 females there were 81.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $50,446, and the median income for a family was $64,792. Males had a median income of $41,250 versus $35,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $31,673. 7.2% of the families and 16.5% of the population were living below the poverty line, including 20% of those under 18 and 14.3% of those over 64.


The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year round. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Monterey has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.[12]

Climate data for Monterey, Virginia (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 38.2
Average low °F (°C) 17.8
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.60
Source: Western Regional Climate Center[13]


  1. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b Morton, Oren Frederic (1911). A History of Highland County, Virginia. p. 159. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The origin of certain place names in the United States. Government Printing Office. p. 213. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  7. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  8. ^ SPT: Beginnings of an Alliance
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Monterey, Virginia
  13. ^ "Monterey, Virginia (445698) 1981-2010 Monthly Climate Summary". Western Regional Climate Center, Desert Research Institute. Retrieved December 23, 2013. 
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