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Montmartre Cemetery

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Title: Montmartre Cemetery  
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Montmartre Cemetery

Montmartre Cemetery (French: Cimetière de Montmartre) is a cemetery in the 18th arrondissement of Paris, France, that dates to the early 19th century. Officially known as the Cimitière du Nord, it is the third largest necropolis in Paris, after the Père Lachaise cemetery and the Montparnasse cemetery.

History

In the mid-18th century, overcrowding in the cemeteries of Paris had created numerous problems, from impossibly high funeral costs to unsanitary living conditions in the surrounding neighborhoods. In the 1780s, the Cimetière des Innocents was officially closed and citizens were banned from burying corpses within the city limits of Paris. During the early 19th century, new cemeteries were constructed outside the precincts of the capital: Montmartre in the north, Père Lachaise Cemetery in the east, Passy Cemetery in the west and Montparnasse Cemetery in the south.

The Montmartre Cemetery was opened on January 1, 1825. It was initially known as la Cimetière des Grandes Carrières (Cemetery of the Large Quarries).[1] The name referenced the cemetery's unique location, in an abandoned gypsum quarry. The quarry had previously been used during the French Revolution as a mass grave. It was built below street level, in the hollow of an abandoned gypsum quarry located west of the Butte near the beginning of Rue Caulaincourt in Place de Clichy. As is still the case today, its sole entrance was constructed on Avenue Rachel under Rue Caulaincourt.[2]

A popular tourist destination even today, Montmartre Cemetery is the final resting place of many famous artists who lived and worked in the Montmartre area. See the full list of notable interments below.

The Montmartre Cemetery with the Rue Caulaincourt viaduct passing through it

Notable interments

A

B

C

Henri-Georges Clouzot's grave

D

F

Renée Jeanne Falconetti

G

H

Heinrich Heine

I

Daniel Iffla
  • Daniel Iffla (1825-1907), Jewish philanthropist and financier

J

K

Statue on the tomb of Miecislas Kamieński

L

M

N

Tombstone of Vaslav Nijinsky in Cimetière de Montmartre in Paris. The statue shows Nijinsky as the puppet Petrouchka.

O

P

R

S

Tomb of Stendhal

T

U

V

W

Z

  • Émile Zola (1840–1902), author (original site, moved to the Panthéon in 1908). It should be noted however, that the Zola family grave is still there, with Émile's name on it.

References

  1. ^ Waldman, Benjamin. "The Treasures of the Montmartre Cemetery". untapped cities. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Montmartre cemetery". Mairie de Paris. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  3. ^ "Ольга Иосифовна Преображенская (Olga Preobrajenska)". Belcanto.ru. 1962-12-27. Retrieved 2012-02-28. 
  4. ^ Arnold Lionel Haskell. The Ballet annual: a record and year book of the ballet: Vol. 18, 1963

External links

  • http://www.paris.fr/english/heritage-and-sights/cemeteries/montmartre-cemetery/rub_8222_stand_34189_port_19019
  • A more comprehensive list
  • Cimetiere de Montmartre (in French)
  • Links and Images Collection of resources
  • Google Maps
  • Written in Stone – Burial locations of literary figures.
  • Montmartre cemetery information In English
  • Photos of Montmartre Documenting funerary statuary in Paris cemeteries; on pariscemeteries.com

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