World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mount Loretto Unique Area


Mount Loretto Unique Area

View looking across Mount Loretto Unique Area; Church of St. Joachim and St. Anne in distance
Princes Bay Light on a bluff at Mount Loretto Unique Area

Mount Loretto Unique Area is a 194-acre (79 ha) open space reserve and nature preserve administered by the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation on Staten Island, New York City.

The area that encompasses the Mount Loretto Unique Area was purchased from the Victorian Era building which was destroyed by arson during the time title to the land was being transferred to the state. It was served by the Mount Loretto Spur of the Staten Island Railway.

Today, Mount Loretto has approximately one mile of shoreline fronting Prince's Bay and Raritan Bay.[1] Along the shoreline are the highest ocean-facing bluffs in New York State, which reach a height of 75 feet (23 m). The bluffs are part of a terminal moraine (deposits of clay and gravel deposited during periods of glaciation); they are remnants left by the Wisconsin Glacier, which reached its southernmost terminus in Staten Island. The highest bluff is the location of an historic lighthouse the Princes Bay Light. The stone lighthouse, which was built in 1864 with an attached lighthouse keeper's cottage built in 1868, is a New York State Landmark. Across from the park is the Church of St. Joachim and St. Anne, used as a set for the exterior church views in the film The Godfather. Within the preserve, in addition to the bluffs, there are extensive brackish and freshwater wetlands. including a large vernal pond. The preserve contains a wide variety of native plants, shrubs, and trees, owing to the diverse habitats represented within the park.

There are various species of birds which frequent the park during various parts of the year. Its large mowed fields make it attractive to many species of upland shorebird such as Buff-breasted Sandpiper and Upland Sandpiper. Other field birds, such as Eastern Meadowlark and Bobolink, can also be found here during migration. The wetlands areas support habitat utilized by various species of waterfowl such as the Wood duck (Aix sponsa). Blue and Green-Winged Teal, as well many many species of ducks, waders and marsh birds. Many rare birds have visited the preserve including White Ibis, Scissor-tailed Flycatcher and Western Kingbird. The preserve is also home to snakes, turtles frogs and toads, as well as raccoons, chipmunks, moles and field mice.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b "Mt. Loretto Unique Area". New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. 
  2. ^ Day, Leslie; Klingler, Mark A.; Bloomberg, Michael R. Field Guide to the Natural World of New York City. p. 95. 

External links

  • "Photos of Mount Loretto Unique Area".  Link to a commercial service's photographs.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.