Mt Olympus

Mount Olympus
Mount Olympus from the west
Elevation 2,917 m (9,570 ft)
Prominence 2,355 m (7,726 ft)[1]
Listing Country high point
Ultra
Location
Mount Olympus
Location of Mount Olympus in Greece
Location Greece
Range Macedonia and Thessaly, near the Gulf of Salonika
Coordinates

40°05′08″N 22°21′31″E / 40.08556°N 22.35861°E / 40.08556; 22.35861Coordinates: 40°05′08″N 22°21′31″E / 40.08556°N 22.35861°E / 40.08556; 22.35861

Climbing
First ascent 2 August 1913
Christos Kakalos, Frederic Boissonnas and Daniel Baud-Bovy
Easiest route Hike, some rock scramble

Mount Olympus (Greek: Όλυμπος ; also transliterated as Olympos, and on Greek maps, Oros Olympos) is the highest mountain in Greece, located in the Olympus Range on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, about 80 km (50 mi) southwest from Thessaloniki, Greece's second largest city. Mount Olympus has 52 peaks.[2] The highest peak Mytikas, meaning "nose", rises to 2,917 metres (9,570 ft).[3] It is one of the highest peaks in Europe in terms of topographic prominence.[1]

Mount Olympus is noted for its very rich flora with several species. It is a National Park of Greece and a World's Biosphere Reserve.

Mythology

In Greek mythology Olympus was the home of the Twelve Olympian gods of the ancient Greek world.[4] It formed itself after the gods defeated the Titans in the Titan War, and soon the palace was inhabited by the gods. It is the setting of many Greek mythical stories. In the words of Homer:

Olympus was not shaken by winds nor ever wet with rain, nor did snow fall upon it, but the air is outspread clear and cloudless, and over it hovered a radiant whiteness.[5]

Climbing


Climbing Mount Olympus is a non-technical hike, except for the final section from Skala summit to Mytikas summit, which is YDS class 3 rock scramble. It is estimated that 10,000 people climb Mount Olympus each year, most of them reaching only the Skolio summit.

Most climbs to Mount Olympus start from the town of Litochoro, which took the name City of Gods because of its location on the roots of the mountain. A local from Litochoro, Christos Kakalos, became the first to reach the Mytikas summit on 2 August 1913. From there a road goes to Prionia, where the hike begins at the bottom of the mountain.

Olympus South Peaks

Coin

Mount Olympus and the national Park around it were selected as the main motif for the Greek National Park Olympus commemorative coin, minted in 2005. On the reverse, the War of the Titans on Mount Olympus is portrayed along with flowering branches on the lower part of the coin. Above the scene is written, in Greek, "National Park Olympus".

See also

References

  • Laboratory of Geodesy - University of Thessaloniki:GPS measurement of the height of peeks of Mountain Olympus

External links

  • Mount Olympus
  • Greek Mountain Flora
  • Management Agency of Olympus National Park
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