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Muhammed IX, Sultan of Granada

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Title: Muhammed IX, Sultan of Granada  
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Subject: Emirate of Granada, Arabian horse, Battle of Tangier (1437), Reconquista, Horses in warfare
Collection: 1396 Births, 1454 Deaths, 15Th-Century Monarchs in Europe, Nasrid Dynasty, People from Granada
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Muhammed IX, Sultan of Granada

Muhammed IX (1396–1454) was the fifteenth Nasrid ruler of the Moorish Emirate of Granada in Al-Andalus on the Iberian Peninsula. He was likely the father of Aixa.

Battle of La Higueruela (1431) between John II of Castile and Muhammed IX, Nasrid Sultan of Granada

Campaigns of the Reconquista

After the successful recapturing of the Throne of Granada from his uncle, the Sultan Muhammed X in 1447, Muhammed IX continued his bellicose policies with regards to the Kingdom of Castile. His predecessor (Muhammad X) had managed to retake a few frontier towns from the Kingdom of Murcia through regular raids or Razzis which had become very feared by the Christian population of the region. Most of these incursions into Christian territory were taking advantage of the fact that the contemporary ruling family of the Kingdom of Murcia, the House of Fajardo was preoccupied with internal squabbles. The most successful of these incursions resulted in the sacking and capturing of the town of Cieza followed closely by a much celebrated Muslim victory at the Battle of Hellín, both of which occurred in 1448.

The continued incursions by the Emirate of Granada into Murcia obliged the Castilian monarch, John II of Castile to ask for a truce in 1450 in order to be able to better concentrate his own forces in a separate war against Juan Pacheco, the Marquis of Villena. Muhammad IX refused the truce offer in a bid to take full advantage of the disunity amongst the Castilian nobility. The following year, in 1451, the Granadan Sultan launched a fresh incursion into the Kingdom of Murcia which brought back much plunder to Granada's coffers. Between 1451 and 1452, Muhammad IX planned a large scale Algara (Arabic for incursion: الغارة) against the area of Campo de Cartagena. This incursion resulted in the capture of 40,000 heads of cattle and around 40 prisoners, mostly pastors.[1]

These Granadan incursions eventually came to a battle at the Battle of Los Alporchones fought near the city of Lorca in 1452. The battle resulted in a Granadan defeat, a truce, and an end to border skirmishes for some time between the kingdoms.

Muhammed IX, Sultan of Granada
Cadet branch of the Banu Khazraj
Born: 1396 Died: 1454
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Muhammed VIII
Sultan of Granada
1419–1427
Succeeded by
Muhammed VIII
Preceded by
Muhammed VIII
Sultan of Granada
1430–1431
Succeeded by
Yusuf IV
Preceded by
Yusuf IV
Sultan of Granada
1432–1445
Succeeded by
Muhammed X
Preceded by
Muhammed X
Sultan of Granada
1448–1453
Succeeded by
Muhammed XI

See also

References

  1. ^ Soriano, Antonio (13 March 2011). "Los Alporchones, una Gran Batalla Medieval". La Verdad. 
  • Islamic Spain 1250 to 1500 by Leonard Patrick Harvey; University of Chicago Press, 1992


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