World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mykola Horbal

Article Id: WHEBN0016285682
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mykola Horbal  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Vitaliy Kalynychenko, Yaroslav Lesiv, Ivan Kandyba, Myroslav Marynovych, Yuriy Shukhevych
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mykola Horbal

Mykola Andriyovych Horbal (Ukrainian: Микола Андрійович Горбаль; born September 10, 1940) is a well-known Ukrainian dissident, human right activists, member of parliament of Ukraine, poet, and member of the Ukrainian Helsinki Group

Early life

Mykola Horbal was born on September 10, 1940, in the village of Volovets in Ukrainian region of Lemkivshchyna (Gorlice municipality, Kraków woiwodship - now Poland). In 1947, his family was moved to Ukraine, and they settled in the village of Letyache (Ternopil oblast).

From 1963 to 1970, Horbal worked as a music teacher. During this period, he first started creating poetry.

First Arrest

On November 24, 1970, Horbal was arrested by the KGB and charged with Anti Soviet Agitation and Propaganda. He was sentenced to 5 years imprisonment and 2 years exile in Siberia.[1]

Second Arrest

On release from prison and return to Ukraine, Horbal settled in Kiev, where he joined the Ukrainian Helsinki Group which had formed in 1976. All of the members of the group were arrested, and on October 23, 1979, Horbal was arrested and sentenced to 5 years hard labour.[1]

Third Arrest

In 1984, having completed the 5-year term, Horbal was not released from incarceration, but was immediately sentenced to another term of 8 years of hard labour and 3 years in exile. However, this sentence was terminated in 1988 during the Perestroika.

Political career

Upon release, Horbal immediately became active in Ukrainian politics. He served as a representative to the Kiev City Council from 1990 to 1994.

He has served as a member of Parliament of Ukraine from 1994 till 1998.[2]

Publications

Horbal's works were first published outside of Ukraine. The first collection of his work was published in the USA in 1983. His first collection was entitled "Details of a Noisy Alarmclock" (Ukrainian: Деталі Піщаного Годинника), and the second publication was of poetry for children, a collection entitled "A Song for Little Andrew" (Ukrainian: Коломийка Для Андрійка).

In 1986, a collection of his poetry was translated into German, and published in the collection "Here the End is Awaited" (Ukrainian: Тут Чекають Кінця).

In 1992, Horbal was awarded the prestigious Vasyl Stus Prize for poetry.[1]

State awards

References

  1. ^ a b c Микола Горбаль • УГСПЛ
  2. ^ (Ukrainian) Невже і цього разу історія нас нічого не навчить?!, Batkivshchina (30 January 2010)
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.