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Title: Nabha  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Patiala district, Azerbaijan women's national kabaddi team, Khalsa College, Amritsar, Cis-Sutlej states, Tourism in India
Collection: Cities and Towns in Patiala District
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Nabha (Punjabi: ਨਾਭਾ) is a city and municipal council in the Patiala district to the south-west of the Indian state of Punjab. In 1998, the annual income of Nabha state was Rs 1,50,000/-.[1]

Nabha is located in Punjab
Location in Punjab, India
Country  India
State Punjab
District Patiala
 • Type Democratic
 • Body Municipal Council of Nabha
 • Member of the Legislative Assembly (India) Sadhu Singh Dharmsot
Elevation 246 m (807 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 67,972
 • Official Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 147201
Telephone code 91-(0)1765
Vehicle registration PB-34


  • Princely State of Nabha 1
  • Geography 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Landmarks of the city 4
  • Modern Nabha 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Princely State of Nabha

The town of Nabha was formerly the capital of the Nabha State princely state in the British Raj. Its territories were scattered; one section, divided into twelve separate tracts, was interspersed among the territories of Patiala and Jind, in the east and south of the Punjab; the other section was in the extreme southeast of that province. The whole of the territories physically belonged to a plain, but they varied in character, from the great fertility of the Pawadh region to the aridity of the Rajputana desert.


Nabha is located at .[2] It has an average elevation of 246 metres (807 feet).


As of 2001 India census,[3] Nabha had a population of 67,972. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Nabha has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, and female literacy is 69%. In Nabha, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Landmarks of the city

Being a royal city, Nabha has a number of buildings with historical importance:

  • Hira Mahal: Residence of the royal family. The gardens and orchards surrounding it have developed into the Hira Mahal Colony.
  • Qila Mubarak: Situated at the heart of the city in a dilapidated condition. Various government offices are housed here including the courts shifted to new building at Mini-Secretariat.
  • Hira Singh Park: Now known as municipal park, near Duladdi Gate. The park is home to the statue of Hira Singh Nabha.
  • Royal Samadhis: on a circular road, built in memory of the deceased rulers of Nabha, now in a state of disrepair.
  • The Courthouse of Nabha, the original residence of Wazir Ishwari Singh Katoch, Prime Minister of Kangra, father of Maharani Lilavati and cousin of Maharaja Sansar Chand of Kangra (father-in-law of Maharaja Ranjit Singh).
  • Old Temple of Shri Hanuman Ji (near Civil Hospital), Old Temple of Attharan Bhuji Mata Rani (Patiala Gate), Shri Vedas Mandir (Sadar Bazar), and Kali Mata Mandir (near Dulladi Gate) are famous Hindu worship places.
  • Gurdwara Dera Baba Ajaypal Singh, famously known as Gurdwara Ghodhiyan Walla and Gurdwara Akalgarh Sahib
  • Mahtab Nagar Nabha, named after Sardar Mehtab Singh Grewal, Mandi Minister with Nabha Maharaja Hira Singh Court
  • King George V Silver Jubilee Park, near Santoshi Mata Mandir, Dulladi Gate
  • Mata Rajrajeshwari Balasundari Ji Mandir, popularly known as chownk wala mandir, is a great mighty temple with great historical significance, built approximately 250-300 years ago by the king of the state. This temple has long been a point of religious beliefs and attracts people from faraway areas.
  • Mata Jwala JI Mandir, Bhattan Street, Mehas Gate Road. This temple is of the royal goddess Durga Mata Jawala Ji along with idols of Lord Shiva, Mata Parvati, Ganesha, Lord Mahavira Hunumana and Lord Bharav Nath.
  • Old Haveli- This is the most horror place in Nabha, where nobody thinks to go close. The history of the Haveli makes it full of Goosebumps. Visiting Haveli will be a very good and scary experience.

Please note that there are two locations of Royal Samadhis. One is for the family of Hira Singh, the other, for the original rulers of Nabha, is located on the grounds of Punjab Public School, near the water tank, on what was originally known as Shyam Bagh (near Jamunawali Sark (Road)). There rests Maharaja Devinder Singh, his two sons, his wives, Maharani Lilavati, Maharani Mann Kaur and "Cheteanwali" Rani.

Dr. Sumerendra Vir Singh Chauhan, from the family of Maharani Lilavati, and uncle of the present Raj Kumari of Nabha, wife of Maharaja Pratap Singh's second son, is negotiating with the present authorities to allow for repairs to take place of the Royal samadhis of the original rulers. Also the Samadhi of Maharani Lilavati's mother is located in the Ram Temple near Hira Mahal.

Modern Nabha

In 1947, Nabha formed a part of Patiala District.

The modern Nabha is a thriving, if somewhat dusty town (about 25 kilometres from Patiala).Nabha is famous hub of Combine harvester and manufacturing units in India most notably The Mittal Steel Industries,Preet, Hira, Malkit, Darshan, Hind, and M.S. The royal city includes various manufacturing industries like the Mittal Steel Industries. Nabha boasts of several institutions which are somewhat unusual for a town of this size.

  • Punjab Public School, a nationally renowned school mainly for sportspersons and army officers.
  • Govt. Ripudaman College Nabha
  • D.A.V. Cent Public School, Govt. Model School, Dayanand Public School, Malwa Public School, G.B. International School, and Indo British School are well-known schools.
  • A factory of GlaxoSmithKline Pharmaceuticals Ltd (better known as Horlicks factory).
  • Like many other cities of India, Nabha has landmarks called "gates" which roughly circumscribe the city. In Nabha, these are Patiala Gate, Alhoran Gate, Dulladi Gate, Mehs Gate and Bouran Gate.
  • Indian Oil Gas Plant is situated at the outskirts of the city on the Nabha–Bhawanigarh road.
  • Bhai Kahan Singh Nabha, whom some regard as a wonderful writer while some call him a radical who provoked terrorizing thoughts amongst the youth, has a district library named after him.
  • Easyday, Sadar Bazar, Patiala Gate, Devi Dwala Chownk are famous shopping places.


  1. ^ Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudi, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Nabha
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 

  • Genealogy of the ruling chiefs of Nabha
  • History Of Nabha
  • Guru Har Rai Connection

External links


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