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National Museum Cardiff

 

National Museum Cardiff

National Museum Cardiff
Amgueddfa Genedlaethol Caerdydd
National Museum Cardiff is located in Cardiff
Location in central Cardiff
Established 1912
Location Cathays Park, Cardiff, Wales
Coordinates
Visitors

373,191 (2009)[1]

Public transit access Cathays
Cardiff Bus 27
Website www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/cardiff/

National Museum Cardiff (Welsh: Amgueddfa Genedlaethol Caerdydd) is a museum and art gallery in Cardiff, Wales. The museum is part of the wider network of Amgueddfa Cymru – National Museum Wales. Entry is kept free by a grant from the Welsh Government however they do ask for donations throughout the museum.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Present 2
  • National Museum of Art 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6

History

The National Museum of Wales was founded in 1905, with its royal charter granted in 1907. Part of the bid for Cardiff to obtain the National Museum for Wales included the gift of the Cardiff Museum Collection, then known as "Welsh Museum of Natural History, Archaeology and Art," which was formally handed over in 1912. The Cardiff Museum was sharing the building of what is now the Cardiff Central Library, and was a sub-department of the library until 1893. Construction of a new building in the civic complex of Cathays Park began in 1912, but owing to the First World War it did not open to the public until 1922, with the official opening taking place in 1927. The architects were Arnold Dunbar Smith and Cecil Brewer, although the building as it now stands is a heavily truncated version of their design.

Present

The museum has collections of archaeology, botany, fine and applied art, geology, and zoology.

In 2011, with funding from the Clore Duffield Foundation, the former Glanely Gallery was transformed into the Clore Discovery Centre, which offers hands-on exploration of the museums 7.5 million items that are normally in storage, including insects, fossils and Bronze Age weapons. School groups, formal and informal groups can also be accommodated but should book in advance.[2]

National Museum of Art

Central area of the National Museum Cardiff.

The National Museum of Art opened in 2011.[3]

The collection of Old Master paintings in Cardiff includes, among other notable works, The Virgin and Child between Saint Helena and St Francis by Amico Aspertini, The Poulterer's Shop by Frans Snyders and A Calm by Jan van de Cappelle. A collection of landscape paintings in the classical tradition includes works by Claude, Gaspard Dughet, Salvator Rosa and two works by Nicolas Poussin: The Funeral of Phocion and The Finding of Moses (the latter owned jointly by the Museum and the National Gallery, London). These works prefigure the career of the Welsh-born Richard Wilson, called "the father of British landscape painting". In 1979 four cartoons for tapestries illustrating scenes from the Aeneid were bought as works by Peter Paul Rubens, but the attribution is now disputed.

There is a gallery devoted to British patronage of the 18th century, in particular that of Sir Glamorgan landowner, with his children.

La Parisienne by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, one of the National Museum's most popular works.

The collection of Rouen Cathedral and Water Lilies series. Post-impressionism is represented by Van Gogh's late work Rain at Auvers, and by Paul Cézanne's The François Zola Dam, the first painting by the artist to be displayed in a British public collection. The two most famous works in the Davies Sisters' collection are La Parisienne by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, exhibited in the First Impressionist Exhibition, and a version of Rodin's Kiss cast in bronze.

The art gallery has works by all of the notable Welsh artists, including landscapes by Richard Wilson and the pioneering Thomas Jones. There is a considerable body of work by John Gibson, Queen Victoria's favourite sculptor, and major paintings by Augustus John and his sister Gwen John, including the former's famous image of Dylan Thomas. Ceri Richards is well represented. The artistic output of David Jones is well represented, but seldom on display owing to the fragile nature of his works on paper. Wales's most prominent contemporary painter, Sir Kyffin Williams (1918–2006), also features in the collection.

The collection of 20th-century art includes works by sculptors Jacob Epstein, Herbert Ward and Eric Gill and painters including Stanley Spencer, the British Impressionist Wynford Dewhurst, L. S. Lowry, and Oskar Kokoschka. Works by contemporary artists are on rotational display, including those by Lucian Freud, Francis Bacon, Frank Auerbach and Rachel Whiteread.

References

  1. ^ "Visits made in 2009 to Visitor Attractions in Membership with ALVA".  
  2. ^ "Clore Discovery Centre | National Museum Wales". Museumwales.ac.uk. Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  3. ^ "National Museum of Art | National Museum Wales". Museumwales.ac.uk. Retrieved 2012-06-01. 

Further reading

  • Mason, Rhiannon (2007), Museums, Nations, Identities: Wales and its National Museums, Cardiff:  
  • Osmond, John, ed. (2007), Myths, Memories and Futures: The National Library and National Museum in the Story of Wales, Cardiff:  

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

  • Official website
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