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National Revival of Poland

National Rebirth of Poland
Leader Adam Gmurczyk
Founded 10 November 1981
Headquarters ul. Kredytowa 6/22 00-062 Warsaw
Ideology Polish nationalism[1]
Anti-communism
National radicalism
Anti-globalization
Euroscepticism
Political position Far-right[2][3]
Religion Roman Catholicism
International affiliation International Third Position[4][2]
European affiliation European National Front
European Parliament group None
Party flag
Website
www.nop.org.pl
www.nop.org.en
Politics of Poland
Political parties
Elections

National Rebirth of Poland (Polish: Narodowe Odrodzenie Polski), abbreviated to NOP, is a nationalist and national-revolutionary (or Third Position) political party in Poland registered by the District Court in Warsaw and National Electoral Commission. As of the 2011 election, the party had no seats in the Polish parliament. It was a member of the European National Front.

Contents

  • History and politics 1
  • Party program 2
  • Anti-Semitism and racism 3
  • Footnotes 4
  • References 5

History and politics

To gain media attention NOP often runs shock value campaigns. During the 2007 Sejm and Senate elections NOP disseminated poster with slogan – Fascism? We are worse!

National Rebirth of Poland was founded as a nationalist discussion group for young people on 10 November 1981.[5] It joined the

  • NOP - official website
  • National Rebirth of Poland - presentation of the movement
  • Nacjonalista.pl - news portal related to NOP
  • Rudnicki, Szymon (2006). Right-wing Radicalism in Contemporary Poland. Totalitarian and Authoritarian Regimes in Europe: Legacies and Lessons From the Twentieth Century (Oxford: Berghahn Books). pp. 354–372.  

References

  1. ^ Bugajski, Janusz (1995), Ethnic Politics in Eastern Europe: A Guide to Nationality Policies, Organizations and Parties, M. E. Sharpe, p. 378 
  2. ^ a b Shafir, Michael (2012), "Denying the Shoah in Post-Communist Eastern Europe", Holocaust Denial: The Politics of Perfidy (de Gruyter): 36 
  3. ^ Jakubowicz, Andrew (2007), Notes for a Grave under Snow, University of Nebraska Press, p. 71 
  4. ^ Pankowski, Rafal (2006), "Poland", World Fascism: A Historical Encyclopedia (ABC-CLIO) 1: 523 
  5. ^ Szajkowski, Bogdan (2004). Revolutionary and Dissident Movements of the World. Berkeley: University of California Press. p. 409.  
  6. ^ Berglund, Sten; Ekman, Joakim; Aarebrot, Frank H. (2004). The Handbook of Political Change in Eastern Europe. London: Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 184.  
  7. ^ Borejsza et al (2006), p. 359
  8. ^ a b c d Michael Shafir Varieties of Antisemitism in Post-communist East Central Europe: Motivations and Political Discourse
  9. ^ Rafal Pankowski and Marcin Kornak. .Poland Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde (Editor), pp. 156–183. Routledge, 2005. ISBN 978-0-415-35593-3
  10. ^ http://www.tau.ac.il/Anti-Semitism/asw2001-2/poland.htm
  11. ^  
  12. ^ Elections 2005 on Gazeta Wyborcza website (en)
  13. ^ a b Wyborczy slogan NOP-u: "Jesteśmy gorsi od faszyzmu" – Wiadomości24
  14. ^ « Zakaz Pedałowania » on NOP's website (pl)
  15. ^ http://lib.ohchr.org/HRBodies/UPR/Documents/Session1/PL/AI_POL_UPR_S1_2008anx_EUR%2001_017_2006.pdf United Nations Human Rights Council
  16. ^ http://amnesty.org.pl/archiwum/aktualnosci-strona-artykulu/article/4969/71/category/6/neste/1.html?cHash=adf146462f Amnesty International Polska
  17. ^ NOP's official program(pl)
  18. ^ http://observatoiredesextremes.com/?p=662&lang=en
  19. ^ Country Reports on Human Rights Practices 2006, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor US State Dept.
  20. ^ International Religious Freedom Report 2007 US State Dept.
  21. ^ European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) Third report on Poland Adopted on 17 December 2004
  22. ^ Poland 2006, by Stephen Roth Institute
  23. ^ John Pollard ‘Clerical Fascism’: Context, Overview and Conclusion in: Totalitarian Movements and Political Religions, Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 11, June 2007
  24. ^ Poland: Democracy and the Challenge of Extremism, by Anti-Defamation League, 2006
  25. ^ a b RACE: Fighting Fascism, Warsaw Voice, 31 July 2003
  26. ^ European Roma Rights Centre
  27. ^ Anti-Semitic Incidents – March 2000, by the Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  28. ^ Kwiet, Konrad; Jürgen Matthäus (2004). Contemporary Responses to the Holocaust. Greenwood Publishing. p. 160.  
  29. ^ http://www.nop.org.pl/img/irving.jpg
  30. ^ http://www.nop.org.pl/img/bomby.jpg
  31. ^ Narodowe Odrodzenie Polski, Izrael musi zostać zniszczony!
  32. ^ « Anti-Semitic Incidents In Poland », The Jewish Press, March 26, 2008

Footnotes

On April 14, 2007, in Kraków, anti-Semitic slogans were shouted and fascist-like gestures made by the participants of an NOP demonstration. Investigations by the Public Prosecutor's Office were discontinued on November 26, 2007, as no perpetrators were identified and the case was not classified as an offense.[32]

The party also expressed support for the bombing of Israel at the time of the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, with a poster image stating, "Bomby na Izrael – Już czas !!!" ("Bombs against Israel – it's about time!!!").[30] On August 13, 2006, NOP leader Adam Gmurczyk published a declaration on behalf of the NOP Executive Council titled Izrael musi zostać zniszczony! (Israel must be destroyed!), calling for the international military takeover of Israel, and offering to put administrative control of Jerusalem in the hands of Pope Benedict XVI and his successors.[31]

In 2006, the NOP was involved in campaigning to free convicted British historian David Irving from prison in Austria, and produced a poster containing the slogan "David Irving – Uwolnić prawdę" ("David Irving – Free the truth".[29])

[28][8] concentration camp.Auschwitz-Birkenau at gas chambers The same year, INR announced that there were no exterminations in [8] NOP

In March 2000, in Łódź, swastikas and the slogan "Jews out!" along with NOP symbols were spray-painted on the home of Marek Edelman, who was the deputy commander in the Warsaw Ghetto uprising and the last of the leaders of the uprising still alive. The incident was condemned by the president and prime minister of Poland, who sent Edelman letters of support and apology.[27]

A number of NOP-related incidents received some media coverage in Poland and abroad. According to the European Roma Rights Centre, on July 3, 1998, NOP supporters vandalised the Roma community centre in Łódź. Along with racist graffiti, swastikas were sprayed onto the office walls. The perpetrators also left behind their signature as NOP – Narodowe Odrodzenie Polski. During the same night, the same group reportedly vandalised the premises of the Jehovah's Witnesses religious group.[26]

[25] The magazine also claims that the official greeting gesture used in the party is the Nazi-like gesture of the raised arm.[25].Mein Kampf's Adolf Hitler, the manifesto of the National Revival of Poland, which contains a sentence stating that "Jews will be removed from Poland, and their possessions will be confiscated", is taken directly from The Warsaw voice According to the magazine [24] The NOP is stated to be an

Anti-Semitism and racism

The official NOP's program includes:[17][18]

Party program

Another, openly LGBT rights supporters' meeting. NOP members chanted slogans, including "gas the queers" (pedały do gazu) and "there will be a baton for each queer face" (znajdzie się kij na pedalski ryj).[15][16]

The NOP is known for trying to get media attention with its shock value campaigns.[13] During the 2007 parliamentary election, the NOP distributed election campaign posters with the slogan "Fascism? We are worse."[13]

In the 2011 parliamentary elections, NOP senate candidate Anetta Stemler, running in the 1st electoral district, received 2934 votes, or 3.10%.

In the 2005 parliamentary elections, the NOP received 0.06% of the vote.[12] In the 2006 self-government regional elections, it received 0.30%, or about 41 000 votes. In the 2007 parliamentary election, the NOP received 42 407 votes in four electoral districts. In the self-government regional elections in 2010, the party received 0.24% of the vote.

In 2001, the NOP tried to enter parliamentary politics for the first time. The newly created NOP front organization, the New Forces Alliance (Sojusz Nowych Sił), joined the nationalist electoral bloc, Alternative Social Movement (Alternatywa Ruch Społeczny). Among the NOP candidates were Marcin Radzewicz, the leader of the openly neo-Nazi National Socialist Front (Front Narodowo-Socjalistyczny). ARS gained just below 0.5% of the votes, and the alliance was dissolved.[11]

In 2009, NOP membership in Poland was estimated at 1000. NOP also has supporters outside Poland, notably among the United States Polish community, including Polish Patriots’ Association residing in New York City, and the revisionist Polish Historical Institute in Chicago.[10]

NOP publishes the magazines Szczerbiec (the name of the Polish royal coronation sword), which lists neofascists Derek Holland and Roberto Fiore among the members of its editorial board,[8] Młodzież Narodowa (National Youth), Myśl (The Thought), and 17 – Cywilizacja Czasów Próby (17 – The Civilization of the Times of Trial).

[9][8]

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