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Nemours

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Title: Nemours  
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Nemours

Nemours
Castle of Nemours
Castle of Nemours
Nemours is located in France
Nemours
Coordinates:
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Seine-et-Marne
Arrondissement Fontainebleau
Canton Nemours
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Valérie Lacroute (UMP)
Area1 10.83 km2 (4.18 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 12,587
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 77333 / 77140
Elevation 57–133 m (187–436 ft)
(avg. 62 m or 203 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Nemours is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • History 2
  • The Castle of Nemours 3
  • Sights 4
  • Demographics 5
  • People 6
  • Twin towns 7
  • Sources 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Geography

Nemours is located on the Loing and its canal, c. 42 km (26 mi) south of Melun, on the Paris-Lyon railway.

History

Nemours is supposed to derive its name from the woods (nemora) in the midst of which it formerly stood, and discoveries of Gallo-Roman remains indicate its early origin.

The Knight Gauthier III, was the sons of Philippe II de Villebéon, Lord of Nemours, Grand Chamberman of France, and Marguerite d'Achères, inherited the Lordship of Nemours when the father dies in 1257.[1] The brother of Gauthier III was Jean de Nemours, Lord of Nanteau-sur-Lunain, know also with the name Jean de Nanteau o Jean de Nanteuil (lat. Johannes de Nantolio or de Natoli).

The dynasty de Nanteuil (Natoli), House of Châtillon, de Nemours du Pont and de Villebéon are branches of the same family.[2][3]

It was captured by the English in 1420, but derives its historical importance rather from the lordship (afterwards duchy) to which it gave its name. In 1585 a treaty revoking previous concessions to the Protestants was concluded at Nemours between Catherine de' Medici and the Guises.

The Castle of Nemours

The construction of the castle of Nemours began around 1120 on the left of the river Loing. It was completed in 1170 by the Lord of Nemours Gauthier I de Villebon.

Sights

The church, which dates mainly from the sixteenth century, has a handsome wooden spire. The feudal castle, erected around 1120 was turned into a museum in the 20th century. It has a central keep with four rounded towers.

A statue of the mathematician Bézout (d. 1783), a native of the town, was erected in 1885.

In the vicinity is a group of fine sandstone rocks, and sand is extensively quarried.

Demographics

Inhabitants are called Nemouriens.

People

People linked with Nemours history:

Nemours was the birthplace of:

Twin towns

The castle and the church bordering the Loing river

Sources

  • Auguste Moutié, "Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Notre-Dame-de-la-Roche"
  • Emile-Louis Richemond, "Recherches généalogiques sur la famille des seigneurs de Nemours du XIIe au XVe siècle", Volume 2, M. Bourges, 1908
  • Annales de la Société Historique et Archéologique du Gâtinais, Volume 19, La Société, 1901
  • Revue historique, Volumi 79-80, Librairie G. Baillère, 1965
  • E. Richemond, Seigneurs de Nemours, 1908
  • Alberic de Trois-Fontaines, Chronicon Tres episcopos Noviomenem, Parisiensem et Meldensem et quatuor milites Philippus de Nemosio…Ursonem, Galterum iuniorem et Iohannem
  • Richemond, Vols. I, 1907
  • Richemond, Vols. II, 1908
  • Jean Flori, Le Crociate, Il Mulino, 2011, ISBN 978-88-15-09090-4
  • Jean Richard " Saint Louis - Roi d'une France féodale, soutien de la Terre sainte", Fayard, Paris, 1983 ISBN = 2-213-01168-0
  • Jacques Le Goff, "Saint Louis", Gallimard, Paris, 1996, ISBN = 2-07-073369-6
  • Antoine Rivet de la Grange, François Clément, Charles Clémencet, Pierre Claude François, "Histoire littéraire de la France", vol. 17, XIII, pgg 214
  • Émile-Louis Richemond, "Recherches généalogiques sur la famille des seigneurs de Nemours du XIIe au XVe siècle" vol. 2, 1908

See also

References

  • INSEE
  •  
  1. ^ P.Anselme, pp. 624 e segg.
  2. ^ [4] pag. 326, Levy-Saint-Nom, France. Notre-Dame de la Roche (Augustinian abbey), Auguste Moutié,Honoré Théodoric Paul Joseph d'Albert duc de Luynes, "Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de Notre-Dame de la Roche", Diocesi di Parigi", taken from the original manuscripts, 1862
  3. ^ [5] pag. 326, Levy-Saint-Nom, France. Notre-Dame de la Roche (Augustinian abbey), Auguste Moutié,Honoré Théodoric Paul Joseph d'Albert duc de Luynes, "Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de Notre-Dame de la Roche", Diocesi di Parigi", taken from the original manuscripts, 1862

External links

  • [6] Lordship of Villemomble & Villebéon
  • Official site (French)
  • Nemours tourism office website
  • 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF (Institute for Urban Planning and Development of the Paris-Île-de-France région) (English)
  • French Ministry of Culture list for Nemours (French)
  • Map of Nemours on Michelin (English)
  • Nemours Foundation official website
  • Alfred I. duPont Testamentary Trust website
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