World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Neubau

Article Id: WHEBN0000705980
Reproduction Date:

Title: Neubau  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Mariahilf, Vienna, Community Identification Number, Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus, Innere Stadt
Collection: Districts of Vienna, Neubau
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Neubau

Neubau
7th District of Vienna
Coat of arms of Neubau
Coat of arms
Location of the district within Vienna
Location of the district within Vienna
Country Austria
City Vienna
Government
 • District Director Thomas Blimlinger (Green)
 • First Deputy Madeleine Reiser (Green)
 • Second Deputy Rainer Husty (SPÖ)
 • Representation
   (40 Members)
Greens 19, SPÖ 11,
ÖVP 6, FPÖ 4
(2010 elections)
Area
 • Total 1.61 km2 (0.62 sq mi)
Population (2014-01-01)[1]
 • Total 30,792
 • Density 19,000/km2 (50,000/sq mi)
Postal code 1070
Address of
District Office
Hermanngasse 24-26
1070 Wien
Website   /bezirke/neubau/
www.wien.gv.at

Neubau is the seventh district of Vienna (German: 7. Bezirk). It is located near the center of Vienna and was established as a district in 1850, but borders changed later.[2] Neubau is a heavily populated urban area, with a major shopping area and residential buildings.[2] It has a population of 30,792 people (as of 2014-01-01) within an area of 1.61 km² (0.62 sq.mi.).

It consists of the former Vorstädte of Neubau, Altlerchenfeld, St. Ulrich, Schottenfeld and Spittelberg. The district borders are formed by Lerchenfelder Straße in the north, Mariahilfer Straße in the south, Neubaugürtel in the west, and Museumstraße and Museumsplatz in the east.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Politics 2
  • People 3
    • Sankt Ulrich 3.1
    • Historic sites 3.2
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

History

In the 18th century, Neubau was the location of the city's silk factories. At this time, the area became densely populated. Today, it is an important shopping district, especially in the Mariahilfer Straße and Neubaugasse. Many pubs, popular among the district's large student population, are located in the Spittelberg neighborhood. The Volkstheater Wien, one of Vienna's large mainstream theatres, and the Austrian Ministry of Justice are located in Neubau, as well as the Museumsquartier, a centre dedicated to modern art, housing for example the Leopold Collection.

In the 2001 communal elections, Neubau became the first district in Austria with a Green Party plurality (32.6% of the votes).

In the 2004 European Elections the Green Party received 41% of all votes, which is more than Social Democratic Party and Austrian People's Party together.

Like Mariahilf, Neubau is known as one of Vienna's districts with the youngest, most liberal, and urban population.

Museumsquartier
Spittelberg

Politics

District Directors since 1945
Josef Matz (KPÖ) 4/1945 -7/1945
Wilhelm Dürnbacher (ÖVP) 1945–1950
Ferdinand König (ÖVP) 1950–1954
Franz Glamm (ÖVP) 1954–1959
Peter Platzer (ÖVP) 1959–1964
Franz Pospisil (ÖVP) 1964–1965
Otto Limanovsky (ÖVP) 1965–1978
Josef Karrer (ÖVP) 1978–1991
Herbert Tamchina (SPÖ) 1991–1998
Gabriele Zimmermann (SPÖ) 1998–2001
Thomas Blimlinger (Greens) 2001-

After the Second World War, the ÖVP had the largest party vote until 1991, when it was displaced by the SPÖ. In 2001, the SPÖ in turn was displaced, this time by the Greens.

At the 2010 elections, the Greens increased their vote, the Liberal Forum vote remained at 1.1%, and the BZÖ increased their vote from their 2005 level of 0.8% to 1.1%.

District Political Parties 1991-2010[3]
Jahr SPÖ ÖVP FPÖ Grüne LIF BZÖ Sonstige
1991 32.2 28.5 17.1 20.1 -- -- 2.1
1996 27.2 21.4 19.7 18.8 10.2 -- 2.8
2001 29.4 17.9 14.4 32.6 4.7 -- 1.0
2005 27.5 18.1 7.3 43.3 1.2 0.8 1.9
2010 25.4 13.9 10.7 45.4 1.1 1.1 2.5

This district was the first in 2001 and until the 2004 (European Elections 2004) the only district in Austria where the Greens had a relative majority.

People

Sankt Ulrich

Historic sites

Notes

  1. ^ "Statistik Austria – Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn seit 2002 nach Politischen Bezirken", Statistik Austria.
  2. ^ a b Wien.gv.at webpage (see below: References).
  3. ^ Stadt Wien

References

[Parts of this article were translated from German WorldHeritage.]
  • "Wien - 7. Bezirk/Neubau", Wien.gv.at, 2008, webpage (15 subpages): Wien.gv.at-neubau (in German).
  • Elfriede Faber: Neubau: Geschichte des 7. Wiener Gemeindebezirks und seiner alten Orte. Ed. Wien, Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-85058-065-2.
  • Manfred Lang: Ein neuer Neubau: Geschichte der Sozialdemokratie am Neubau. Verl. d. SPÖ Wien, Vienna 1989.
  • Carola Leitner (Hg.): Neubau: Wiens 7. Bezirk in alten Fotografien ("Neubau: Vienna's 7th District in Old Photographs"). Ueberreuter, Vienna 2007, ISBN 978-3-8000-7306-1.
  • Wolfgang Mayer: Wiener Bezirkskulturführer: VII. Neubau. Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-224-16242-2.
  • Hans Rotter: Neubau: ein Heimatbuch des 7. Wiener Gemeindebezirkes. Deutscher Verlag für Jugend und Volk, Vienna 1925.

External links

  • Mariahilferstrasse: Vienna's largest shopping street.
  • Museumsquartier: Centre for culture and modern art.
  • Volkstheater Wien: Peoples Theatre, founded in 1887-89 by architects F. Fellner and H. Helmer.
  • results of the last elections (official web site of Vienna)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.