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New Mexico's at-large congressional district

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New Mexico's at-large congressional district

From 1911 to 1969, New Mexico did not use congressional districts for its representatives to the United States House of Representatives. Instead, it elected its representatives state-wide At-large.

List of representatives

Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
January 8, 1912 –
March 3, 1913
Harvey Fergusson Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!] George Curry Republican Retired
March 3, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
No second seat until 1943
March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
Benigno C. Hernández Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
William B. Walton Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Benigno C. Hernández Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1921 –
January 13, 1923
Néstor Montoya Republican Died
January 13, 1923 –
March 3, 1923
Vacant
March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1929
John Morrow Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
Albert G. Simms Republican [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
March 4, 1931 –
January 3, 1935
Dennis Chavez Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 3, 1935 –
January 3, 1941
John J. Dempsey Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1943
Clinton P. Anderson Democratic Resigned to become U.S. Secretary of Agriculture
January 3, 1943 –
June 30, 1945
Antonio M. Fernández Democratic Died
June 30, 1945 –
January 3, 1947
Vacant
January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
Georgia Lee Lusk Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1951
John E. Miles Democratic [Data unknown/missing. You can help!]
January 3, 1951 –
November 7, 1956
John J. Dempsey Democratic Died
November 7, 1956 –
April 9, 1957
Vacant
April 9, 1957 –
March 11, 1958
Joseph Montoya Democratic Resigned when elected U.S. Senator
March 12, 1958 –
January 3, 1959
Vacant
January 3, 1959 –
November 3, 1964
Thomas G. Morris Democratic Lost re-election
November 3, 1964 –
January 3, 1965
Vacant
January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1969
E. S. Johnny Walker Democratic Redistricted to the 2nd district

Elections

First seat

1920s

Republicans held onto the seat in 1920 by nominating Néstor Montoya, the county clerk of Bernalillo County and former Speaker of the New Mexico Territorial Legislature. Montoya won with a combination of Hispanic voters and coat-tails from the election of President Warren Harding. Republicans did not renominate him in 1922, choosing instead suffragist Adelina Otero-Warren, the niece of former territorial Governor, Miguel Otero, and the first woman to run for state-wide office in New Mexico. Otero-Warren was defeated by Democrat John Morrow, an educator and lawyer from northeast New Mexico. Morrow would win consecutive re-elections in 1924 and 1926, but lost re-election in 1928 to Albert G. Simms, an Albuquerque businessman, on the coat-tails of the election of President Herbert Hoover.

United States House of Representatives elections, 1920: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Néstor Montoya 54,672 51.88
Democratic Antonio Lucero 49,426 46.9
Farmer-Labor A.J. McDonald 1,290 1.22
Majority 5,246 4.98
Turnout 105,388
Republican gain from Democratic Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1922: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Morrow 59,254 54.42 +7.25
Republican Adelina Otero-Warren 49,635 45.58 -6.3
Majority 9,619 8.83 +3.85
Turnout 108,889
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1924: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Morrow 57,802 51.76 -2.66
Republican J. Felipe Hubbell 53,860 48.24 +2.66
Majority 3,942 3.53 -5.30
Turnout 111,662
Democratic hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1926: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John Morrow 55,433 51.42 -0.34
Republican Juan A. A. Sedillo 52,075 48.31 +0.07
Socialist E. E. Denniston 287 0.27 +0.27
Majority 3,358 3.12 -0.41
Turnout 107,795
Democratic hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1928: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Albert G. Simms 61,208 52.2 +3.89
Democratic John Morrow 56,048 47.8 -3.62
Majority 5,160 4.4 +1.28
Turnout 117,256
Republican gain from Democratic Swing

1930s

United States House of Representatives elections, 1930: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Dennis Chavez 65,194 57.1 +9.3
Republican Albert G. Simms 48,699 42.65 -9.55
Socialist John Whitley 299 0.26 +0.26
Majority 16,495 14.45 +10.05
Turnout 114,192
Democratic gain from Republican Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1932: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Dennis Chavez 94,764 63.36 +6.26
Republican Jose E. Armijo 52,905 35.37 -7.28
Socialist N. S. Sweeney 1,349 0.9 +0.64
Liberty L. E. Lake 418 0.28 +0.28
Communist E. T. Howell 132 0.09 +0.09
Majority 41,859 27.99 +13.54
Turnout 149,568
Democratic hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1934: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John J. Dempsey 76,833 51.82 -11.54
Republican Maurecio F. Miera 70,659 47.66 +12.29
Socialist Frank Edwards 643 0.43 -0.47
Communist H. Turnbaugh 133 0.09 +0.00
Majority 6,174 4.16 -23.83
Turnout 148,268
Democratic hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1936: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John J. Dempsey 105,937 62.92 +11.10
Republican M. Ralph Brown 62,375 37.05 -10.61
Farmer-Labor Albert Ortiz 61 0.03 +0.03
Majority 43,562 25.87 +21.71
Turnout 168,373
Democratic hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 1938: New Mexico District At-Large
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic John J. Dempsey 90,608 58.4 -4.52
Republican Peace C. Rodney 64,281 41.43 +4.38
Independent E. W. Fawkes 268 0.17 +0.17
Majority 26,327 16.97 -8.9
Turnout 155,157
Democratic hold Swing

References

  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

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