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New York's 12th congressional district

 

New York's 12th congressional district

New York's 12th congressional district
New York 's 12th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
New York 's 12th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Carolyn Maloney (DManhattan)
Cook PVI D+28

New York's 12th Congressional District is a congressional district for the United States House of Representatives located in New York City. It is now represented by Democrat Carolyn Maloney.

The district includes several neighborhoods in the East Side of Manhattan, Greenpoint, and western Queens, mostly overlapping the pre-redistricting 14th district.[1] The 12th district's per capita income, in excess of $75,000, is the highest among all congressional districts in the United States.[2]

From 2003-2013 it included parts of Brooklyn, Queens, and Manhattan. It included the Queens neighborhoods of Maspeth, Ridgewood, and Woodside, the Brooklyn neighborhoods of Bushwick, Greenpoint, Red Hook, East New York, Brooklyn Heights, Sunset Park, and Williamsburg and part of Manhattan’s Lower East Side and East Village.

Contents

  • Voting 1
  • Components: past and present 2
  • List of representatives 3
    • 1803–1813: One seat 3.1
    • 1813–1823: two seats 3.2
    • 1823 - present: One seat 3.3
  • Recent elections 4
  • Historical district boundaries 5
  • See also 6
  • Notes 7
  • References 8

Voting

Components: past and present

The 12th District was historically a Brooklyn district. In the 1960s, it was realigned to include majority African American neighborhoods such as Bedford-Stuyvesant in Central Brooklyn. Up to 1992 it was the central Brooklyn district now held by Yvette Clarke (and formerly by Major Owens), and then remapped to include Hispanic neighborhoods in lower Manhattan and Queens.

1803-1913:

1913-1945:

Parts of Manhattan

1945-1993:

Parts of Brooklyn

1993–present:

Parts of Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens

List of representatives

1803–1813: One seat

Representative Party Years Note
District created 1803
David Thomas Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1803 –
February 17, 1808[3]
Redistricted from 7th district
Resigned to become New York State Treasurer.
Vacant February 17, 1808 –
November 7, 1808
Nathan Wilson Democratic-
Republican
November 7, 1808 –
March 3, 1809
Erastus Root Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1811
Arunah Metcalf Democratic-
Republican
March 4, 1811 –
March 3, 1813

1813–1823: two seats

From 1813 to 1823, two seats were apportioned to the District, elected at-large on a general ticket.

Cong-
ress
Years Seat A Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
13 March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1815
Zebulon R. Shipherd Federalist Elisha I. Winter Federalist
14 March 4, 1815 –
December 7, 1815
Vacant Representative-elect Benjamin Pond died October 6, 1814
John Savage
Democratic-
Republican
December 7, 1815 –
March 3, 1817
Asa Adgate Democratic-Republican Elected to finish Pond's term
15 March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1819
John Palmer Democratic-
Republican
16 March 4, 1819 –
March 3, 1821
Ezra C. Gross Democratic-
Republican
Nathaniel Pitcher Democratic-
Republican
17 March 4, 1821 –
December 3, 1821
Vacant Elections were held in April 1821, after the congressional term had already begun. It is not clear when the result was announced or the credentials were issued.
December 3, 1821 –
March 3, 1823

Reuben H. Walworth
Democratic-
Republican

1823 - present: One seat

Representative Party Years Note
Lewis Eaton Crawford
Republican
March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
William Dietz Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
John I. De Graff Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1829
Peter I. Borst Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
Joseph Bouck Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
Henry C. Martindale Anti-
Masonic
March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
David Abel Russell Anti-
Jacksonian
March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1841
Bernard Blair Whig March 4, 1841 –
June 20, 1843
David L. Seymour Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
Richard P. Herrick Whig March 4, 1845 –
June 20, 1846
Died
Vacant June 20, 1846 –
December 7, 1846
Thomas C. Ripley Whig December 7, 1846 –
March 3, 1847
Gideon Reynolds Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1851
David L. Seymour Democratic March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
Gilbert Dean Democratic March 4, 1853 –
July 3, 1854
Redistricted from 8th district
Resigned to become justice to Supreme Court of New York.
Vacant July 3, 1854 –
November 7, 1854
Isaac Teller Whig November 7, 1854 –
March 3, 1855
Killian Miller Opposition March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
John Thompson Republican March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
Charles Lewis Beale Republican March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
Stephen Baker Republican March 4, 1861 –
March 3, 1863
Homer A. Nelson Democratic March 4, 1863 –
March 3, 1865
John H. Ketcham Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 3, 1873
Charles St. John Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
Redistricted from 11th district.
N. Holmes Odell Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
Clarkson Nott Potter Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1879
Vacant March 3, 1879 –
March 3, 1879
Representative-elect Alexander Smith died November 5, 1878.
Waldo Hutchins Democratic March 3, 1879 –
March 3, 1885
First elected to finish Smith's term.
Retired.
Abraham Dowdney Democratic March 4, 1885 –
December 10, 1886
Died
Vacant December 10, 1886 –
March 4, 1887
William Bourke Cockran Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
Roswell P. Flower Democratic March 4, 1889 –
September 16, 1891
Resigned to become Governor of New York.
Vacant September 16, 1891 –
November 3, 1891
Joseph J. Little Democratic November 3, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
William Bourke Cockran Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
Redistricted from 10th district.
George B. McClellan, Jr. Democratic March 4, 1895 –
December 21, 1903
Resigned to become Mayor of New York City.
Vacant December 21, 1903 –
February 23, 1904
William Bourke Cockran Democratic February 23, 1904 –
March 3, 1909
Michael F. Conry Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1913
Redistricted to 15th district.
Henry M. Goldfogle Democratic March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
Redistricted from 9th district.
Meyer London Socialist March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1919
Henry M. Goldfogle Democratic March 4, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
Meyer London Socialist March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
Samuel Dickstein Democratic March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1945
Redistricted to 19th district.
John J. Rooney Democratic January 3, 1945 –
January 3, 1953
Redistricted from 4th district
Redistricted to 14th district.
Francis E. Dorn Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1961
Hugh Carey Democratic January 3, 1961 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to 15th district.
Edna F. Kelly Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1969
Redistricted from 10th district.
Shirley Chisholm Democratic January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1983
Major R. Owens Democratic January 3, 1983 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted to 11th district.
Nydia Velazquez Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2013
Redistricted to 7th district.
Carolyn Maloney Democratic January 3, 2013 –
Present
Redistricted from 14th district.

Recent elections

In New York, are numerous minor parties at various points on the political spectrum. Certain parties will invariably endorse either the Republican or Democratic candidate for every office, hence the state electoral results contain both the party votes, and the final candidate votes (Listed as "Recap").

US House election, 1996: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 61,913 84.6
Republican Miguel I. Prado 9,978 13.6
Socialist Workers Eleanor Garcia 1,283 1.8
Majority 51,935 71.0
Turnout 73,174 100
US House election, 1998: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 53,269 83.6 -1.0
Republican Rosemary Markgraf 7,405 11.6 -2.0
Conservative Angel Diaz 1,632 2.6 +2.6
Liberal Hector Cortes, Jr. 1,400 2.2 +2.2
Majority 45,864 72.0 +1.0
Turnout 63,706 100 -12.9
US House election, 2000: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 86,288 87.1 +3.5
Republican Rosemary Markgraf 10,052 10.1 -1.5
Socialist Paul Pederson 1,025 1.0 +1.0
Right to Life Mildred Rosario 865 0.9 +0.9
Conservative Cesar Estevez 850 0.9 -1.7
Majority 76,236 76.9 +4.9
Turnout 99,080 100 +55.5
US House election, 2002: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 48,408 95.8 +8.7
Conservative Cesar Estevez 2,119 4.2 +3.3
Majority 46,289 91.6 +14.7
Turnout 50,527 100 -49.0
US House election, 2004: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 107,796 86.3 -9.5
Republican Paul A. Rodriguez 17,166 13.7 +13.7
Majority 90,630 72.5 -19.1
Turnout 124,962 100 +147.3
US House election, 2006: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 62,847 89.7 +3.4
Republican Allan E. Romaguera 7,182 10.3 -3.4
Majority 55,665 79.5 +7.0
Turnout 70,029 100 -44.0
US House election, 2008: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 123,053 90.0 +0.3
Republican Allan E. Romaguera 13,748 10.0 -0.3
Majority 109,305 80.0 +0.5
Turnout 136,801 100 +95.3
US House election, 2010: New York District 12
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Nydia Velazquez 68,624 93.9 +3.9
Conservative Alice Gaffney 4,482 6.1 +6.1
Majority 64,142 87.7 +7.7
Turnout 73,106 100 -46.6

Historical district boundaries

2003 - 2013

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "New York Redistricting". New York Times. 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  2. ^ "Highest Income Per Capita In The United States By Congressional District". 
  3. ^ David Thomas was appointed New York State Treasurer on February 5, 1808, and resigned his seat. His letter of resignation was read in the House on February 17. see: Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States (Vol. V; page 182)

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present
  • 2004 House election data Clerk of the House of Representatives
  • 2002 House election data "
  • 2000 House election data "
  • 1998 House election data "
  • 1996 House election data "
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