New York gubernatorial election, 1914

The 1914 New York state election was held on November 3, 1914, to elect the Governor, the Lieutenant Governor, the Secretary of State, the State Comptroller, the Attorney General, the State Treasurer, the State Engineer, a U.S. Senator and a judge[1] of the New York Court of Appeals, as well as all members of the New York State Assembly and the New York State Senate, and delegates-at-large to the New York State Constitutional Convention of 1915.

History

This was the first time that U.S. Senators from New York were elected by general ballot. Until 1911, the U.S. Senators had been elected by the New York State Legislature, but the lengthy stalemate between Tammany and a faction led by State Senator Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was decided to impede the election of William F. Sheehan or any other crony of Tammany boss Charles F. Murphy, led to a constitutional amendment. Since 1914, the U.S. Senators have been elected with the state officers on the state ticket, and selected in the party primaries.

The Socialist state convention met on July 5 at Rochester, New York. They nominated Charles Edward Russell for U.S. Senator; Gustave A. Strebel for Governor; Stephen J. Mahoney, of Buffalo, for Lieutenant Governor; Mrs. Florence C. Kitchelt, of Rochester, for Secretary of State; Charles W. Noonan, of Schenectady, for Comptroller; James C. Sheehan, of Albany, for Treasurer; Frederick O. Haller, of Buffalo, for Attorney General; Prof. Vladimir Karapetoff, of Cornell University, for State Engineer; and Louis B. Boudin for the Court of Appeals.[2]

The Prohibition State Committee met on August 15 at Syracuse, New York, and voted to nominate Ex-Governor William Sulzer for Governor instead of the previously selected Charles E. Welch who then ran for Lieutenant Governor.[3]

This was the first state election at which the parties with "party status" - at this time, the Democratic, Republican and Progressive parties - were required to hold primary elections to nominate candidates for state offices. The primaries were held on September 28.[4]

Republican primary

1914 Republican primary results
Office
Governor Charles S. Whitman 120,073 Harvey D. Hinman 61,952 Job E. Hedges 43,012
Lieutenant Governor Edward Schoeneck 78,563 Seth G. Heacock 68,303 Frank A. Sidway 57,348
Secretary of State Francis M. Hugo 71,037 William D. Cunningham[5] 67,050 Eugene H. Porter[6] 58,845
Comptroller Eugene M. Travis 88,765 James Hooker 62,414 Samuel Strasburger 48,519
Attorney General Egburt E. Woodbury 124,009 Edward R. O'Malley 72,467
Treasurer James L. Wells 184,043
State Engineer Frank M. Williams 159,243 Arthur O'Brien 36,892
Judge of the Court of Appeals Emory A. Chase
U.S. Senator James W. Wadsworth, Jr. 89,960 William M. Calder David Jayne Hill

Democratic primary

1914 Democratic primary results
Office
Governor Martin H. Glynn 175,772 John A. Hennessy 68,387
Lieutenant Governor Thomas B. Lockwood 158,159 William Gorham Rice 57,305
Secretary of State Mitchell May 167,198 Sidney Newborg 43,251
Comptroller William Sohmer 158,309 George G. Davidson, Jr. 58,077
Attorney General James A. Parsons 151,122 Larkin 57,096
Treasurer Albert C. Carp 147,443 Charles E. Sunderlin 55,055
State Engineer John A. Bensel 146,533 Bennett 58,485
Judge of the Court of Appeals Samuel Seabury 139,694 John N. Carlisle 65,820
U.S. Senator James W. Gerard 138,815 Franklin D. Roosevelt 63,879 James F. McDonough 17,862

Progressive primary

1914 Progressive primary results
Office
Governor Frederick M. Davenport 18,643 William Sulzer 14,366

The other Progressive candidates were nominated unopposed.

The Socialist Labor ticket was filed with the Secretary of State on October 9, 1914.[7] They nominated a full ticket.[8]

Ex-Governor Sulzer's aim was to defeat Glynn whom he considered a back-stabber. For this purpose he organized the American Party, and accepted the nomination by the Prohibition Party. He also sought the nomination of the Progressive Party, but was defeated in their primary. The American Party Executive Committee also endorsed a full slate (Prohibitionists Welch and Clements; Progressives Call and Colby; Democrat Seabury; Charles Horowitz for Comptroller; Charles Podsenick for Attorney General; and Robert Butler for State Engineer) for the other offices, but did not file a petition to nominate them, so they did not appear on the ballot in the American column.[9]

Result

Almost the whole Republican ticket was elected, only Justice Seabury managed to defeat the Republican candidate Emory A. Chase.

The incumbents Glynn, May, Sohmer, Parsons, Call and Bensel were defeated.

The Republican, Democratic, Independence League, Progressive, Socialist and Prohibition parties maintained automatic ballot access (necessary 10,000 votes for governor), the American Party attained it, and the Socialist Labor Party dit not re-attain it.

34 Republicans and 17 Democrats were elected to a two-year term (1915-16) in the New York State Senate.

100 Republicans, 49 Democrats and one Progressive[10] were elected for the session of 1915 to the New York State Assembly.

1914 state election results
Office Republican ticket Democratic ticket Independence League ticket American ticket Prohibition ticket Progressive ticket Socialist ticket Social Labor[11] ticket
Governor Charles S. Whitman 686,701 Martin H. Glynn 412,253 Martin H. Glynn 125,252 William Sulzer 70,655 William Sulzer 54,189 Frederick M. Davenport 45,686 Gustave A. Strebel 37,793 James T. Hunter[12] 2,350
Lieutenant Governor Edward Schoeneck 622,493 Thomas B. Lockwood[13] 534,660 Edward Schoeneck (none) Charles E. Welch[14] Chauncey J. Hamlin 113,385 Stephen J. Mahoney[15] Jeremiah D. Crowley[16]
Secretary of State Francis M. Hugo 601,857 Mitchell May 561,429 Mitchell May (none) John R. Clements Sydney W. Stern 72,371 Florence Cross Kitchelt Edmund Moonelis[17]
Comptroller Eugene M. Travis 657,373 William Sohmer 553,254 William Sohmer (none) Neil D. Cranmer[18] John B. Burnham 68,111 Charles W. Noonan[19] Charles E. Berns
Attorney General Egburt E. Woodbury 651,869 James A. Parsons 529,045 (none) Walter T. Bliss[20] Robert H. Elder[21] 77,945 Frederick O. Haller John Hall[22]
Treasurer James L. Wells 622,811 Albert C. Carp 526,025 Homer D. Call (none) Edward A. Packer Homer D. Call 117,628 James C. Sheehan Anthony Houtenbrink[23]
State Engineer Frank M. Williams 677,393 John A. Bensel 509,944 (none) James Adamson Lloyd Collis 68,110 Vladimir Karapetoff August Gillhaus
Judge of the Court of Appeals Emory A. Chase 594,414 Samuel Seabury 650,468 Samuel Seabury (none) Coleridge A. Hart[24] Samuel Seabury Louis B. Boudin Edmund Seidel
U.S. Senator James W. Wadsworth, Jr. 639,112 James W. Gerard 571,419 James W. Gerard (none) Francis E. Baldwin[25] Bainbridge Colby 61,977 Charles Edward Russell Erwin A. Archer

Obs.:

  • The vote for governor defines the ballot access.
  • Numbers are total votes on all tickets for candidates who ran on more than one ticket, except for governor.
  • Glynn also polled 3,764 votes; and Sulzer 1,426; in the "no-party column," a blank space provided for write-in candidates.

Notes

Sources

  • Petitions for tickets: in NYT on September 9, 1914
  • The primary ballots: in NYT on September 15, 1914
  • Result (parcial) of Primaries: in NYT on September 29, 1914
  • The tickets, and sketches of candidates for Governor and Senator: in NYT on October 25, 1914
  • Result (final) of Primaries: in NYT on October 9, 1914
  • Result: in NYT on December 5, 1914

See also

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