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Nine Gates Infantry Commander

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Title: Nine Gates Infantry Commander  
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Subject: Imperial Decree on events leading to the signing of Boxer Protocol, Red Turban Rebellion (1854–56), Convention Between Great Britain and China Respecting Tibet, Peking Field Force, New Policies
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Nine Gates Infantry Commander

The Nine Gates Infantry Commander (Chinese: 步軍統領、九門提督) was a military official of the Qing dynasty in charge of safeguarding and monitoring traffic, as well as the opening times of the nine gates of Peking City, namely Zhengyangmen, Chongwenmen, Andingmen, Fuchengmen, Xizhimen, Dongzhimen, Xuangwumen, Dehshengmen, and Zhaoyangmen. His judicial responsibilities included night patrol, fire fighting, security checks of civilians, the apprehension and arrest of criminals, and prison keeping. He was also responsible for the military protection of the Forbidden City. Throughout the history of the Qing dynasty, the position was always held by Manchu ministers.[1][2]

Boxer Rebellion

During the Boxer Rebellion, Chongli was the Nine Gates Infantry Commander until June 21, when Prince Zhuang (Zhaixun) replaced him.

References

  1. ^ http://big5.huaxia.com/zhwh/wszs/2010/07/1966158.html "九門提督" 清朝最關鍵的職位
  2. ^ http://big5.china.com.cn/gate/big5/culture.china.com.cn/txt/2007-10/12/content_9041986.htm 清朝“九門提督”管的是哪九門?
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