World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

No. 122 Squadron RAF

Article Id: WHEBN0007438270
Reproduction Date:

Title: No. 122 Squadron RAF  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: RAF Ouston, František Fajtl, List of Royal Air Force aircraft squadrons, Middlesbrough during World War II, RAF Ashford
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

No. 122 Squadron RAF

No. 122 Squadron RAF
Active 1 Jan 1918-20 Nov 1918
1941-1 Apr 1946
Country United Kingdom
Branch Royal Air Force
Motto
  • Latin: Victuri volamus
  • ("We fly to victory")
Insignia
Squadron Badge
Crest heraldry
In front of a mullet a Leopard rampant. The mullet represents fighting in the heavens and the Leopard, a fierce fighter represents Bombay

No. 122 (Bombay) Squadron was a Royal Air Force fighter squadron during the first and second world wars.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Aircraft operated 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

History

Squadron Leader H J L Hallowes, CO of No. 122 Squadron, with his Supermarine Spitfire Mk V at RAF Scorton in Yorkshire, December 1941

The squadron was formed on 1 January 1918 at Sedgeford as a day bomber unit with the Airco DH.4, the intention was to train the squadron for operations on the de Havilland DH.9 but the squadron disbanded without seeing action on 17 August 1918. The squadron was reformed at RAF Upper Heyford in October 1918 with the intent to operate the de Havilland DH.10 but the Armistice was declared before the squadron had any aircraft and it was disbanded without being operational on 20 November 1918.

No. 122 was reformed in 1941 at RAF Turnhouse with the Supermarine Spitfire I to operate convoy patrols in the Firth of Forth, it soon moved south into England to become part of the Hornchurch Wing with cannon-equipped Spitfires and it flew sweeps over northern France and participated in the Dieppe operations. In 1942 František Fajtl became the squadron commander, the first Czech to lead a RAF squadron. In October 1942 it was reequipped with the Spitfire IX and continued operations over France.

In January 1944 it re-equipped with the North American Mustang to operate long-range bomber escort duties and it also attacked targets in France and the Low Countries. Within a few months the Mustangs were converted into fighter-bombers and the squadron started long-range ground-attack sorties into continental Europe. It was heavily involved in D-Day operations and within a few weeks had moved to France to support the invasion. After three-months of intense operations the squadron was withdrawn to England and continued till the end of the war providing long-range escorts to both Bomber Command and the United States 8th Air Force.

After the end of the war the squadron was re-equipped with the Spitfire F21 but was disbanded at RAF Dalcross on 1 April 1946 when it was renumbered No. 41 Squadron.

Aircraft operated

Dates Aircraft Variant Notes
1941 Supermarine Spitfire I
1941–1942 Supermarine Spitfire IIA and IIB
1941–1942
1943
Supermarine Spitfire VB
1942-1943
1943-1944
1945-1946
Supermarine Spitfire IX
1944–1945 North American Mustang III
1945 North American Mustang IV
1946 Supermarine Spitfire F21

References

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft (Part Work 1982-1985). Orbis Publishing. 
  • Jefford, C.G. (1988). RAF Squadrons. Airlife Publishing Ltd.  

External links

  • Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.