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Nonsan

Nonsan
논산시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 논산시
 • Hanja 論山市
 • Revised Romanization Nonsan-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Nonsan-si
Official logo of Nonsan
Emblem of Nonsan
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Country  South Korea
Region Hoseo
Administrative divisions 2 eup, 11 myeon, and 2 dong
Government
 • Mayor Lim Sung-kyu
Area
 • Total 554.82 km2 (214.22 sq mi)
Population (2003)
 • Total 136,356
 • Density 246/km2 (640/sq mi)
 • Dialect Chungcheong
Banya-San Park.

Nonsan is a city in South Chungcheong Province, South Korea. It is located at . Nonsan is also called Nolmoi, meaning dusk(y) or yellow mountain ; "Nonsan" means rice paddies + mountain(s).

Contents

  • History 1
  • Transportation 2
  • Economics and industry 3
  • Education 4
    • Higher education 4.1
    • Secondary education 4.2
  • Tourism 5
  • Other 6
  • Administrative divisions 7
  • Sister cities 8
  • Notable people 9
  • See also 10
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

Nonsan has a significant history.[1] During the Samhan period, Nonsan is believed to have been part of Mahan territory. In the Baekje period, the district belonged to Hwangdeungyasan-gun. The crucial battle in which Silla defeated Baekje is thought to have taken place in the general area of Nonsan. Later, in the Silla period, Nonsan was divided into two different towns: Deogeun and Hwangsan.

The train station was built in 1911, in the same year as the rail line through the Nonsan plain was completed.[2]

The modern city of Nonsan was established in 1914, by the merger of the four counties of Yeonsan-gun, Eunjin-gun, Noseong-gun and Seoksung-gun.

During the Korean War, a POW camp was set up by the U.S. and South Korean forces. On June 18, 1953, at the Nonsan camp as well as at POW camps at Busan, Masan, and Kwangju, thousands of POWs swarmed out of the camps and melted into the local population in order to avoid being repatriated to North Korea.[3]

Transportation

Nonsan is served by the national railroad system and city, regional and national bus lines. An expressway connects the city to Daejeon and other cities. Many streets have bike paths, sharing pavement with sidewalks. The stream running through the city proper is not navigable, but downstream it joins the Geum River, and an outlying subdivision of the city serves as a significant fishing port.

Economics and industry

Nonsan is an agricultural city, with rice being the most important crop. Other important crops include strawberries, ginseng, napa cabbage,[4] watermelons,[4] and Korean pears. According to The Chosun Ilbo,[5] the farmers are growing new varieties of strawberry produced in Japan without the producer's permission, while the JoongAng Daily says "Strawberries grown in Nonsan are of various types: seolhyang, maehyang, geumhyang, janghi (akihime) and yukbo (red pearl). The first three were developed in Nonsan while the latter two are from Japan. Janghi is the most commonly grown in Korea. However, seolhyang is the sweetest".[6] Sesil [pronounced "say -shill"] company is the world's third leading producer of insects for natural pest control. The prominent yogurt company, Yakult, has its headquarters in Nonsan. Agro-Fisheries Trade Corp. is a regional supplier of food products.[4]

The greater Nonsan area includes the ROK Army training center ().

Education

Higher education

  • Konyang University,건양대학교 홈페이지 founded 1991, has its main campus in Nonsan. It has a university hospital with educational programs for medical technicians, nurses and doctors in Daejeon
  • Hanmin University,한민학교 홈페이지 in Yeonsan-myeon
  • Geumgang University,금강대학교 홈페이지 a recently founded Buddhist university, in rural Nonsan, near Gyeryongsan
  • Korea Bio Polytechnic, 한국폴리텍특성화대학 바이오캠퍼스 홈페이지 is a two-year college run by the nation's Department of Labor.

Secondary education

Nonsan has a number of high schools, including a girls' high school, a technical high school, and two private schools which attract students from across the province and beyond. 쌘뽈여자고등학교 홈페이지

Tourism

Local attractions include the Eunjin Mireuk, a large standing Buddhist sculpture of the Goryeo period and its accompanying temple, Gwanchoksa,[7] as well as the Baekje Military Museum 백제 군사 박물관.

Mireuk-bosal Mireuk-bosal at Gwanchok Temple in Nonsan City, South Chungcheong Province, South Korea

The spring Strawberry Festival [8] is popular tourist event as is the Ganggyoung autumn fermented seafood festival.[9]

The eight famous spots in Nonsan include Gwanchoksa, the historic sites of General Gyebaek, Tapjeong Reservoir, Ssanggyesa (Temple), and Noseong Sanseong (Fortress).[10][11][12]

Other

The city has a concert hall, where various cultural activities such as concerts and lectures are held. Konyang University's auditorium also hosts free cultural activities for the community.

In June 2011, the multipurpose culture hall Sangsang Madang was completed. It is dedicated to "indie art".[13][14]

Donam Academy, one of the nine neo-Confucian seowon established in Korea during the Choseon dynasty, is in greater Nonsan. It was made a UNESCO provisional world heritage site in December 2011.[15]

Administrative divisions

Nonsan City has jurisdiction over 2 eup, 11 myeon, and 2 dong.

Name Hangul Hanja
Ganggeyong-eup 강경읍 江景邑
Yeonmu-eup 연무읍 鍊武邑
Seongdong-myeon 성동면 城東面
Gwangseok-myeon 광석면 光石面
Noseong-myeon 노성면 魯城面
Sangwol-myeon 상월면 上月面
Bujeok-myeon 부적면 夫赤面
Yeonsan-myeon 연산면 連山面
Beolgok-myeon 벌곡면 伐谷面
Yangcheon-myeon 양촌면 陽村面
Gayagok-myeon 가야곡면 可也谷面
Eunjin-myeon 은진면 恩津面
Chae-un-myeon 채운면 彩雲面
Chwiam-dong 취암동 鷲岩洞
Buchang-dong 부창동 富倉洞

Sister cities

Notable people

  • Hwang Myung-Sun, he is a mayor of Nonsan city.
  • Lim Sung-kyu, South Korean Minister of Finance and Economy
  • Noh Sang-Kyoon, contemporary artist [16]
  • Rhee In-je, three-time South Korean presidential candidate, was born in Nonsan.[17][18]
  • Chun Sung-gwan, Head of the Seoul Central District Prosecutor's Office (2009)[19]
  • Yeom Hong-chul, Mayor of Daejeon[20]
  • Go Soo, film and television actor was born in Nonsan.
  • Park Beom-shin, writer, is from Nonsan.
  • Kim heo-soo, a university president in konyang university and konyangcyber university
  • Choi Hyeon-soo, The dean of CICS(College of Interdisciplinary & Creative Studies in Konyang University 창의융합대학)

See also

References

  1. ^ 눈산의 어제이야기, Nonsan Moon-hoa ueon: Nonsan Naedong, 2007.
  2. ^ Grager, Edwin H. (1994). Landownership under Colonial Rule: Korea's Japanese Experience, 1900-1935(Questia - pay for view) . University of Hawaii Press. p. 195. Retrieved 2014-12-02. 
  3. ^ Lee, Bong (2003). The Unfinished War: Korea(pay site) . new York: Algora. p. 222. Retrieved 2014-12-02. 
  4. ^ a b c [4]
  5. ^ (Japanese) http://japanese.chosun.com/data/html_dir/2005/03/22/20050322000063.html
  6. ^ Limb Jae-un "Let Me Take You down to Nonsan," February 16, 2007
  7. ^ [5]
  8. ^ http://english.visitkorea.or.kr/enu/SI/SI_EN_3_2_2.jsp?cat=1&area&dateStart=03-01-2009&startDate=20090301&dateEnd&endDate&keyword&category&areaCode&gotoPage&stype&cid=708055
  9. ^ http://ggfestival.co.kr
  10. ^ http://nonsan.grandculture.net/Contents/Index?contents_id=GC02000550
  11. ^ http://tour.nonsan.go.kr
  12. ^ "Nonsan". Retrieved 2014-12-02. 
  13. ^ [6]
  14. ^ "KT&G 상상마당". Sangsangmadang.com. Retrieved 2013-05-13. 
  15. ^ accessed 2012.04.19
  16. ^ Ignacio Villarreal (2011-05-01). "Solo Exhibition of Korean Artist Noh, Sang-Kyoon at Bryce Wolkowitz Gallery". Artdaily.org. Retrieved 2013-05-13. 
  17. ^ (Korean) "Can Minor Candidates Become Major Leaguers," Korea Times online November 21, 2007: https://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2007/11/113_14066.html
  18. ^ INSIDE JoongAng Daily
  19. ^ JoongAng Daily online, 22 June 2009 http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2906411
  20. ^ "Profiles of Winners". Koreatimes.co.kr. 2010-06-02. Retrieved 2013-05-13. 

External links

  • Official government website
  • Government site for foreginers: http://english.nonsan.go.kr/nsforeign/user.tdf?a=user.index.IndexApp&c=6002
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