World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

North Smithfield

Article Id: WHEBN0000702049
Reproduction Date:

Title: North Smithfield  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Uxbridge, Massachusetts, North Smithfield, Rhode Island, David Rawlings, Providence and Worcester Railroad, Stone ender, Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

North Smithfield

North Smithfield, Rhode Island
Town

Forestdale school house from the nineteenth century

Location of North Smithfield in Providence County, Rhode Island

Coordinates: 41°59′17″N 71°33′7″W / 41.98806°N 71.55194°W / 41.98806; -71.55194

Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Area
 • Total 24.7 sq mi (64.1 km2)
 • Land 24.0 sq mi (62.3 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.8 km2)
Elevation 361 ft (110 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,967
 • Density 498.6/sq mi (192.1/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 02824, 02896
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-52480[1]
GNIS feature ID 1219815[2]
Website http://www.nsmithfieldri.org/

North Smithfield is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States, settled as a farming community in 1666 and incorporated into its present form in 1871. North Smithfield includes the historic villages of Forestdale, Primrose, Waterford, Branch Village, Union Village, Park Square, and Slatersville. The population was 11,967 at the 2010 census.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 24.7 square miles (64 km2), of which, 24.0 square miles (62 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (2.83%) is water. North Smithfield is in a New England upland region. The Branch River and Blackstone Rivers provided much of the power for the early mills in the town.

History

In the 17th century British colonists settled in North Smithfield developing a farming community that they named after Smithfield, London in England.[3] The town was part of Smithfield, Rhode Island until it was incorporated as North Smithfield in 1871.[3] The first colonization occurred after a Native American, "William Minnian, (or Quashawannamut) "of Punkkupage" of Massachusetts Bay on May 14, 1666, deeded approximately 2,000 acres" to John Mowry and Edward Inman who partnered with Nathaniel Mowry, John Steere, and Thomas Walling in dividing up the purchased tract.[3] In the early 18th century, a Quaker colony developed in what is now North Smithfield (then Smithfield), which extended into south Uxbridge, Massachusetts.

Today North Smithfield is part of the John H. Chaffee Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor. The Blackstone Valley is the oldest industrialized region in the U.S. A local North Smithfield industry today, Berroco Yarns, is a continuation of an original family owned woolen company first established in this valley by Daniel Day in 1809.

The village of Slatersville was largely built by Samuel Slater and his brother John Slater beginning in 1803.[4] It is a well preserved original New England mill village with worker housing and commercial buildings. This village is in fact America's first planned industrial mill village.[5] Samuel and John's family owned this mill and the village until the turn of the 19th to the 20th century.[4]

Union Village, along Rhode Island Route 146A achieved local prominence as an important stagecoach stop on the route along Great Road.[5] Union Village was also home to a hat shop, taverns, an academy and the Union Bank from which the village got its name.[5]

In the nineteenth and early twentieth-century, North Smithfield "was served by several trolley and railroad lines; now all are gone save one. A freight-only spur line of the Providence and Worcester Railroad extends from the main line in Woonsocket and terminates [in Slatersville] at the Providence Pike"[6] where it "primarily serves a single customer, a steel supplier called Denman and Davis,"[7] a company in Slatersville which is now part of O’Neal Steel, Inc...[8]

Demographics

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 10,618 people, 3,954 households, and 2,957 families residing in the town. The population density was 441.7 people per square mile (170.5/km²). There were 4,070 housing units at an average density of 169.3 per square mile (65.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.32% White, 0.42% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.08% from other races, and 0.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population. 41% reported either French or French Canadian ancestry, 12% Irish, 12% Italian, and 8% English.[9]

There were 3,954 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.2% were non-families. 21.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 18.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,602, and the median income for a family was $67,331. Males had a median income of $43,133 versus $30,748 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,031. About 1.9% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.8% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over.

Historic Places in North Smithfield

Notable people


Education

  • North Smithfield High School, the only public high school in the town, was ranked 9th out of 52 public high schools in Rhode Island in 2006.[12]
  • North Smithfield Elementary School which was built in 1989 and now is used for grades Preschool-Third Grade.
  • The Kendall Dean School was built in 1936 but today is no longer used as a school.
  • Dr. Harry L. Halliwell School was built in 1958 and is still used today for grades 3-5.
  • North Smithfield Middle School was built for the 2009-2010 school year which now holds grades 6-8.

Adjacent Communities

Houses of Worship

  • Lighthouse Christian Church
  • Masjid Al-Islam mosque
  • Slatersville Congregational Church
  • St. John the Evangelist Church

References

External links

The Church on the Green at Slatersville, long a Buxton Church
  • Samuel Slater, Father of the American industrial revolution, Slatersville, the mill village/with photos

Image gallery

Coordinates: 41°58′00″N 71°32′58″W / 41.96667°N 71.54944°W / 41.96667; -71.54944

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.