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Novigrad, Istria

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Novigrad, Istria

Novigrad
City
City of Novigrad
Grad Novigrad - Città di Cittanova[1]

Panorama of Novigrad

Flag
Novigrad
Novigrad
Location of Novigrad within Croatia

Coordinates: 45°19′N 13°33′E / 45.317°N 13.550°E / 45.317; 13.550Coordinates: 45°19′N 13°33′E / 45.317°N 13.550°E / 45.317; 13.550

Country Croatia
County Istria
Government
 • Mayor Anteo Miloš (IDS)
Area
 • Total 27 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 4,345
 • Density 160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 52 466
Area code(s) 052
Website novigrad.hr

Novigrad (Italian: Cittanova or Cittanova d'Istria) is a town and a municipality in Istria County in western Croatia. In Croatian it is also sometimes referred to as Novigrad Istarski to distinguish it from three other Croatian towns of the same name.

Novigrad is set on a small peninsula on the western coast of Istria, two kilometres north of the mouth of the river Mirna and some 25 km south of the border with Slovenia. As of the 2011 census the town proper has a population of 2,622 while the entire municipality – which also includes four nearby villages – has 4,345 inhabitants. 66% of population are ethnic Croats while the biggest minority group are Istrian Italians (10%).

History

There was an ancient city in the broad area of what is now Novigrad . In the 5th-6th centuries it was called Neapolis (Greek Νεαπολις). From the early Middle Ages and right up until 1828 it was the seat of the Bishopric, from 1270 it was under the rule of the Venetian Republic until its fall in the late 18th century, and it suffered a good deal of Turks in 1687. The Old city is situated on a peninsula. The triple-naved basilica of St. Pelagius dates from the 8th century, and the present church was built on the foundations of the old basilica in the 15th and 16th centuries. Beneath the presbytery there is a late Romanesque crypt. In the sacristy of the present parish church, the former basilica, 15th century antiphonaries are kept with their simple and beautiful initials.

Novigrad has retained its medieval structure and layout, with narrow, winding streets and small shops. The fortifications belong to the medieval era: the town wall still stands with its battlements and tow round towers. There are examples of secular architecture from the time of the Venetian empire, such as the town loggia and several houses built in Venetian Gothic style.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census, Novigrad had 2,622 residents, with a total municipal population of 4,345.[2] Croats comprised 66.42% of the total population, followed by Italians (10.20%), Albanians (3.36%), Serbs (2.83%), and Slovenes (2.09%), while 10.66% of the population was regionally affiliated.[3] Italians in Novigrad are organised in an association with the objective of preserving and promoting the specificity of the Italian community.[4]

Villages in the municipality

  • Antenal
  • Bužinija (Businia)
  • Dajla (Daila)
  • Mareda

References

External links

  • (Croatian) (Italian)
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