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Nukhayb

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Nukhayb

An Nukhayb
النخيب
View of town from the roof of the school
View of town from the roof of the school
An Nukhayb is located in Iraq
An Nukhayb
An Nukhayb
Coordinates:
Country  Iraq
Province Al-Anbar (formerly Karbala)
district Ar Rutba District

An Nukhayb (Arabic: النخيب‎, alt. Nukhaib, Nkheeb) is a town in Al-Anbar province in Iraq. Prior to the 1940s, the town fell within Kerbala Governorate.[1]

Nukhayb located at Al-Abyad Wadi at the largest road junction in the region, with roads going south to the Saudi Arabian border, north to the Ramadi–Jordan highway, and northeast to Karbala. Nukhayb is the last Iraqi town before pilgrims cross into Saudi Arabia on their pilgrimage to Mecca. It has two satellite villages to the north, Habbariya (28 km) and Kesrah (51 km).[2]

History

During the British Mandate, John Bagot Glubb established a post at the well of Nukhayb to allow the Iraqi government to control its western deserts.[3]:342 Throughout 1929, sections of the Royal Air Force Armoured Cars served outpost duty in Nukhayb.[4]

1960,Nukhayb has been upgraded from village to subdistrict .

In 2010, Qatari royal Khalifa bin Abdulla bin Hassan bin Ali al-Thani was killed in Nukhayb when his GMC hit a bump and rolled during a hunting trip.[5]

Security situation

In September 2011, 22 Shia pilgrims en route from Damascus to Karbala were stopped at a fake checkpoint near Nukhayb, and then killed by gunmen.[6][7] In another false checkpoint attack, 14 Iraqi border guards were killed by militants in June 2013.[8]

Reports in summer of 2014 indicated that the Iraqi Army and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) clashed in the town, with government troops "fleeing" towards Karbala.[9] ISIS was reported as having taken control of the town in late June of that year;[10] the Iraqi government forces stated that they regained control of the town in late August of that year.[11]

Climate

A 2013 study of 22 Iraqi meteorological stations from 1980-2010 showed that Nukhayb had the lowest mean annual rainfall value at 87mm, in contrast with Sulaimaniya which registered 717mm.[12]

References

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Further reading

  • Sarhan, Abbas. Karbala and Anbar dispute forgotten town. Niqash, 3 June 2009
  • Visser, Reidar. Disputed Territories in Iraq: The Practical Argument Against Self-Determination in Kirkuk. historiae.org. 25 May 2009
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