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Occupational medicine

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Occupational medicine

Occupational medicine is the branch of insurance medicine.

Mission

Occupational health aims for the promotion and maintenance of physical, mental and social well-being of workers. This includes the prevention of negative health outcomes in workers caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; placing and maintenance of a worker in an occupational environment adapted to their physiological and psychological equipment. In sum, the goal of occupational medicine is the adaptation of work to people and of each person to their job. OM can be described as:

"work that combines clinical medicine, research, and advocacy for people who need the assistance of health professionals to obtain some measure of justice and health care for illnesses they suffer as a result of companies pursuing the biggest profits they can make, no matter what the effect on workers or the communities they operate in."[2]

History

The first textbook of occupational medicine, De Morbis Artificum Diatriba (Diseases of Workers), was written by Italian physician Bernardino Ramazzini in 1713.

Schools that offer programs

Physicians and others trained in health and safety may specialize in various aspects of occupational medicine, including toxicology, human factors and ergonomics, epidemiology, safety studies and engineering. OM training in the U.S. is supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health through the NIOSH Education and Research Centers. Many major schools of medicine offer programs with an emphasis in occupational health and safety, including:

American schools

  • Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai[3]
  • West Virginia School of Medicine Institute of Occupational and Environmental Health[4]
  • Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health[5]
  • Rutgers Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute[6]
  • University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health[7]
  • University of Michigan School of Public Health[8]
  • University of Minnesota School of Public Health/HealthPartners[9]
  • UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health[10]
  • Harvard School of Public Health[11]
  • University of Illinois-Chicago School of Public Health[12]
  • University of Texas Health Science Center-Houston[13]
  • University of Utah- Rocky Mountain Center for Occupational and Environmental Health
  • University of South Florida College of Public Health[14]

Australian schools

  • Monash University[15]
  • University of New South Wales[16]
  • Curtin University[17]
  • Edith Cowan University[18]
  • University of New South Wales[19]

Canadian schools

  • University of Alberta[20]
  • University of Toronto[21]
  • Université de Montréal[22]

Indian schools

  • The TamilNadu Dr.MGR Medical University[23]
  • West Bengal University of Health Sciences[24]

Malaysian schools

  • University of Malaya [25]

Swiss schools

  • University of Zurich and University of Lausanne[26]

Governmental Bodies

International

  • International Labour Organization (ILO)

United States of America

Indian

  • Directorate General, Factory Advise Service & Labor Institutes (DGFASLI)

Malaysian

  • Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH)
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
  • Social Security Organisation (SOCSO)

Non-Governmental Organizations

International

  • International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH)
  • The Institute of Occupational Medicine (IOM)
  • International Occupational Hygiene Association (ICHA)
  • Collegium Ramazzini

Australasian

  • Australasian Faculty of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

Canadian

Indian

  • Indian Association of Occupational Health (IAOH)

Malaysian

  • Academy of Occupational and Environmental Medicine Malaysia (ACOEMM)
  • Society of Occupational and Environmental Medicine-MMA (SOEM-MMA)

United States of America

  • American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM)
  • The American Osteopathic College of Occupational and Preventative Medicine (AOCOPM)
  • California Society of Industrial Medicine and Surgery (CSIMS)
  • Western Occupational and Environmental Medicine Association (WOEMA)

See also

References

  1. ^ Section=Home&CONTENTID=1524&TEMPLATE=/CM/HTMLDisplay.cfm&SECTION=Article_Archives What is Occupational Medicine?, San Francisco Medical Society, Thomas McClure, MD
  2. ^ Interview with Dr. Stephen Levin/Obituary, Katie Halper, The Nation, February 14, 2012
  3. ^ http://www.mountsinai.org
  4. ^ http://www.hsc.wvu.edu/ioeh/
  5. ^ http://www.jhsph.edu/
  6. ^ http://eohsi.rutgers.edu/content/residency_fellowship_program_occupational_environmental_medicine
  7. ^ http://www.med.wisc.edu/
  8. ^ http://www.sph.umich.edu/academics/
  9. ^ http://www.mcohs.umn.edu/academics/oem/introduction.html
  10. ^ http://www.sph.unc.edu/school/school_of_public_health_mission_statement_119_6048.html
  11. ^ http://www.hsph.harvard.edu
  12. ^ http://www.uic.edu/sph/glakes/residency/
  13. ^ https://sph.uth.edu/research/centers/swcoeh/
  14. ^ http://health.usf.edu/publichealth/eoh/index.htm
  15. ^ http://www.med.monash.edu.au/sphpm/
  16. ^ http://www.safesci.unsw.edu.au
  17. ^ http://healthsciences.curtin.edu.au/teaching/publichealth.cfm/
  18. ^ http://www.ecu.edu.au/schools/medical-sciences/overview
  19. ^ http://www.occupationalmedicine.utoronto.ca/
  20. ^ http://www.medicine.med.ualberta.ca/en/Residency/OccMedicine.aspx
  21. ^ http://www.occupationalmedicine.utoronto.ca/
  22. ^ http://www.med.umontreal.ca/
  23. ^ http://web.tnmgrmu.ac.in/courses/courses-fellowship-main-menu/579-mainmenunew/courses/courses-fellowship/1300
  24. ^ http://www.aiihph.gov.in/courses/display/8-diploma-in-industrial-health(-dih-)
  25. ^ http://spm.um.edu.my
  26. ^ http://www.mas-workandhealth.uzh.ch
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