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Ohio City, Cleveland

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Ohio City, Cleveland

Ohio City
Historic District of Cleveland and Defunct Municipality
Market Avenue, one of Ohio City's pedestrian-friendly streets
Market Avenue, one of Ohio City's pedestrian-friendly streets
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga County
City Cleveland
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,210
  1.1% decrease from 2000 Census
Demographics
 • White 41.1%
 • Black 32.0%
 • Hispanic 22.9%
 • Asian 1.3%
 • Mixed Race & Other 2.2%
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP Codes 44113, 44102
Area code(s) 216
Median income $20,408
Source: 2010 U.S. Census, City Planning Commission of Cleveland[1]
Ohio City Preservation District
Ohio City, Cleveland is located in Ohio
Ohio City, Cleveland
Location Roughly Franklin Blvd. NW., W. 38th St., Bridge Ave. NW., & W. 44th St., & Stone, W. 25th, Bridge Ave. NW., & W. 28th, Cleveland, Ohio
Coordinates
Architect Unknown
Architectural style Greek Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference #

89000435

[2]
Added to NRHP May 25, 1989
Looking down Ohio City's retail hub, West 25th.
Ohio City's rapid transit station

Ohio City is one of the oldest neighborhoods in Cleveland, Ohio. It is located immediately west of the Cuyahoga River.

History

The City of Ohio became an independent municipality on March 3, 1836, splitting from Brooklyn Township. The city grew from a population of 2,400 people in the early 1830s to over 4,000 in 1850. The municipality was annexed by Cleveland on June 5, 1854.

James A. Garfield, who became the 20th president of the United States, frequently preached at Franklin Circle Christian Church in 1857. Franklin Circle Christian Church is located at the intersection of Franklin Avenue and Fulton Road.

The birthplace of John Heisman, famous for the annual Heisman Trophy awarded to the best player in college football, is located on corner of Bridge Street and West 29th Place. He was born there in 1869 and an Ohio Historical Society marker stands to mark the spot.[3]

Features

The modern focal point of Ohio City is the historic West Side Market, built in 1912. The European-styled market, located at the intersection of Lorain Avenue and West 25th Street, draws an estimated one million visitors annually.[4] Located north of the West Side Market is one of the largest contiguous urban farms in America. The Ohio City Fresh Food Collaborative includes a farm, retail farm stand, and community kitchen on a 6-acre city parcel.[5]

The neighborhood contains the largest concentration of breweries in Cleveland. Most famously, the award-winning Great Lakes Brewing Company is located on W. 28th Street. Its brewpub on Market Avenue (adjacent to the West Side Market) occupies a building that formerly housed the Market Tavern, a pub frequented by Eliot Ness.[6] Three additional breweries have opened in the 2010s, which include Market Garden Brewery and Distillery, Nano Brew Cleveland, and the Slovenian-owned Lasko Brewery at the Hansa Haus.

Saint Ignatius High School main building completed 1891

Founded in 1886, Saint Ignatius High School is located near the west side market. It is a Jesuit college prep school. Some members of the community have bristled at the expansion of the school and have resisted the sales of surrounding property.

The Cleveland Hostel is first and only hostel in the city of Cleveland.[7] Opened in 2012, the Cleveland Hostel is located on W.25th Street and Chatham Avenue strategically nearby to the W.25th Street Red Line rapid station that connects from Cleveland Hopkins Airport and Downtown Cleveland.

St. John's Episcopal Church, located at Church and W. 28th Street, is the oldest consecrated building in Cuyahoga County and is the mother church of the current Episcopal cathedral located in downtown Cleveland. The church was one of the final stops on the Underground Railroad in Northeastern Ohio, and the remains of an entrance to a tunnel leading to the banks of the nearby Cuyahoga River can still be seen in the basement. Several nearby streets retain church-related names, such as Vestry. An Episcopal parish continues to worship in the space, although membership has dramatically declined with the demographic changes in the neighborhood.

Demographics

The demographics of Ohio City have changed rather dramatically in the latter half of the 20th century and first part of the 21st. Originally composed mainly of English and German descendants, many Eastern European immigrants moved into the area during the migrations in the first half of the 20th century. In the 1960s and 1970s, as Cleveland expanded and the wealthy moved to the surrounding suburbs (including Parma, Brooklyn, and Lakewood), the percentage of African Americans increased. The size of the Latino community has also increased. However, Cleveland City Council, with an eye on redevelopment and with the incentive of tax breaks, has lured an increasing number of suburbanites of all backgrounds back into the Ohio City area. This has led to a diverse community and melting pot.

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ http://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=17908
  4. ^ About at WestSideMarket.org
  5. ^ http://ohiocityfarm.wordpress.com/
  6. ^ Around the Brewpub at Great Lakes Brewing Company
  7. ^ http://theclevelandhostel.com/

External links

  • Ohio City Near West Development Corporation
  • Ohio City
  • Ohio City Guide

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