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Oktibbeha County, Mississippi

Oktibbeha County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Oktibbeha County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the United States highlighting Mississippi
Mississippi's location in the U.S.
Founded 1833
Seat Starkville
Largest city Starkville
 • Total 462 sq mi (1,197 km2)
 • Land 458 sq mi (1,186 km2)
 • Water 3.7 sq mi (10 km2), 0.8%
 • (2010) 47,671
 • Density 104/sq mi (40/km²)
Congressional districts 1st, 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website .org.oktibbehacountymswww

Oktibbeha County is a county located in the U.S. state of Mississippi. As of the 2010 census, the population was 47,671.[1] Its county seat is Starkville.[2]

The Starkville, MS Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of Oktibbeha County. The county is one of three that since the late 20th century has been designated as part of the Golden Triangle region of the state. Collaborative economic development is being encouraged here.


  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Major highways 2.1
    • Adjacent counties 2.2
    • National protected areas 2.3
  • Demographics 3
  • Government and politics 4
  • Education 5
  • Communities 6
    • City 6.1
    • Towns 6.2
    • Unincorporated communities 6.3
    • Historical/ghost towns 6.4
  • See also 7
  • References 8
    • External links 8.1


The name Oktibbeha is a Native American word meaning either bloody water (because of a battle fought on the banks) or possibly icy creek. Indian artifacts over 2000 years old have been found near the ancient earthwork mounds adjacent to Indian Mound Campground, just east of Starkville. These have been used to date the construction of the mounds in the Woodland period. The Choctaw people, one of the Five Civilized Tribes of the Southeast, were long occupants of this area prior to European encounter.

Since the late 20th century, Oktibbeha together with Clay and Lowndes counties has been designated as the Golden Triangle in Mississippi. This is based on a goal of collaborative economic development among the three counties and their major jurisdictions. With the growth of Mississippi State University, Starkville is the largest city in the region.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 462 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 458 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 3.7 square miles (9.6 km2) (0.8%) is water.[3] The majority of the county lies within the Black Belt region while portions of the county are in the Flatwoods region.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected areas


As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 47,671 people residing in the county. 59.2% were White, 36.6% Black or African American, 2.4% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% of some other race and 1.2% of two or more races. 1.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 42,902 people, 15,945 households, and 9,264 families residing in the county. The population density was 94 people per square mile (36/km²). There were 17,344 housing units at an average density of 38 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 58.66% White, 37.43% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 2.53% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 0.71% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,945 households out of which 28.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.90% were married couples living together, 14.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.90% were non-families. 27.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.00% under the age of 18, 29.60% from 18 to 24, 24.80% from 25 to 44, 16.00% from 45 to 64, and 8.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 25 years. For every 100 females there were 99.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $24,899, and the median income for a family was $36,914. Males had a median income of $32,162 versus $20,622 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,998. About 18.00% of families and 28.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.30% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government and politics

In 2004 Republican John Kerry 55% to 43%, as most of the majority whites support Republican national candidates. In 2008 Democrat Barack Obama defeated Republican John McCain by 6 votes, becoming the first Democrat to win the county since 1956. This was prior to the major realignment of parties in the South since the mid-20th century. Obama carried the county with an increased margin in 2012. Two small portions of the county are located in the 1st congressional district. The city of Starkville and the campus of Mississippi State University are included in the 3rd district.


Oktibbeha County was served by the Oktibbeha County School District and the Starkville Public School District. In 2013, the Mississippi Legislature passed a bill requiring that all Oktibbeha County schools be merged into the Starkville School District, as part of the consolidation of administration.[10]

The county has two private schools, Starkville Academy, founded as a segregation academy[11] in 1969[12] and Starkville Christian School, founded in 1995.[13]

Oktibbeha County is within the service area of the East Mississippi Community College system.[14]

The campus of Mississippi State University is located in Oktibbeha County, partially in Starkville and partially in an unincorporated area.[15][16] Its growth has led the Starkville to become the largest city by population in the Golden Triangle.




Unincorporated communities

Historical/ghost towns

  • Agency
  • Bell's Mill
  • Chapel
  • Cedar Grove
  • Collier's Tanyard
  • Double Springs
  • Ebenezer
  • Folsom
  • Grab All
  • Hassie
  • Kemper
  • Lincecum's Mill
  • Muldrow Station
  • Prospect
  • Red Acre
  • Steelville
  • Trimcane
  • Whitefield
  • Yanaby

See also


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  11. ^ Spencer, Mack (17 May 2004). "Public domain, private options". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  12. ^ "History". 
  13. ^ Oktibbeha County Private Schools
  14. ^ "CATALOG 2007-2009", East Mississippi Community College website (pg. 3); retrieved March 1, 2011.
  15. ^ "Zoning Map", Town of Starkville; retrieved March 1, 2011.
  16. ^ "Campus Map", Mississippi State University; retrieved March 1, 2011.
  17. ^

External links

  • Greater Starkville Development Partnership Website

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