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Olympic Torch Relay

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Olympic Torch Relay

The Olympic torch relay is the ceremonial relaying of the Olympic Flame from Olympia, Greece, to the site of an Olympic Games. It was first performed at the 1936 Berlin Games,[1] and has taken place prior to every Games since.

Summer Olympic Games

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Berlin 1936 8 3,422 3,422
Main article: 1936 Summer Olympics torch relay
OlympiaAthensThessaloniki (Greece) – Sofia (Bulgaria) – Belgrade (Yugoslavia) – Budapest (Hungary) – Vienna (Austria) – Prague (Czechoslovakia) – Dresden – Berlin (Germany)

Two secondary relays carried the flame from Olympic Stadium in Berlin to the off-site aquatic venues: Grunau (for the rowing course), and Kiel (yachting). The cauldron in Kiel sat in an old Hanseatic galley in the bay. Kiel would also be the yachting site of the 1972 Munich Olympics.[2]

Cancelled 1940 Games
Main article: 1940 Summer Olympics torch relay
London 1948 13 7,870 3,372
Main article: 1948 Summer Olympics torch relay
OlympiaCorfu (Greece) (by ship) BariMilan (Italy) – LausanneGeneva (Switzerland) – BesançonMetz (France) – Luxembourg (Luxembourg) – Brussels (Belgium) – LilleCalais (France) (by ship)– Dover – London (Great Britain)

A second relay carried the flame from Wembley, where the Games were based, to the sailing centre at Torbay, via Slough, Basingstoke, Salisbury, and Exeter.

Helsinki 1952 20 3,365 1,416 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Aalborg - Odense - Copenhagen (Denmark) (by ship) Malmö - Gothenburg - Stockholm (Sweden) Tornio - Oulu - Helsinki (Finland). A second flame was lit in Pallastunturi (Finland) and joined the main one in Tornio
Melbourne 1956 21 20,470 3,118 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Darwin - Brisbane - Sydney - Canberra - Melbourne (Australia)
Stockholm 1956 (equestrian Games) 9 1,000 490 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Copenhagen (Denmark) (by ship) Malmö - Stockholm (Sweden)
Rome 1960 14 2,750 1,529 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by ship) Syracuse - Catania - Messina - Reggio Calabria - Naples - Rome (Italy)
Tokyo 1964 51 20,065 870 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Istanbul (Turkey) - Beirut (Lebanon) - Tehran (Iran) - Lahore (Pakistan) - New Delhi (India) - Rangoon (Burma) - Bangkok (Thailand) - Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) - Manila (Philippines) - Hong Kong (Hong Kong) - Taipei (Republic of China) - Okinawa - Tokyo (Japan, following four different routes)
Mexico City 1968 51 13,620 2,778
Main article: 1968 Summer Olympics torch relay
Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by ship) Genoa (Italy) (by ship) Barcelona - Madrid - Seville - Palos (by ship) Las Palmas (Spain) - San Salvador Island (Bahamas) - Veracruz - Mexico City (Mexico)
Munich 1972 30 5,532 6,000 Olympia - Athens - Thessaloniki (Greece) - Istanbul (Turkey) - Varna (Bulgaria) - Bucharest - Timişoara (Romania) - Belgrade (Yugoslavia) - Budapest (Hungary) - Vienna - Linz - Salzburg - Innsbruck (Austria) - Garmisch-Partenkirchen - Munich (West Germany)
Montreal 1976 5 775 1,214
Main article: 1976 Summer Olympics torch relay
Olympia - Athens (Greece) (satellite transmission of an electronic pulse) Ottawa - Montreal (Canada)
Moscow 1980 31 4,915 5,000 Olympia - Athens - Thessaloniki (Greece) - Sofia (Bulgaria) - Bucharest (Romania) - Kishinev - Kiev - Tula - Moscow (USSR)
Los Angeles 1984 83 15,000 3,636
Main article: 1984 Summer Olympics torch relay
Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) New York – BostonPhiladelphiaWashingtonDetroit – Chicago – IndianapolisAtlantaSt. LouisDallasDenverSalt Lake CitySeattleSan FranciscoSan Diego - Los Angeles (USA)
Seoul 1988 26 15,250 1,467 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Jeju - Pusan - Seoul (South Korea)
Barcelona 1992 51 6,307 10,448 Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by ship) Empúries - Bilbao - La Coruña - Madrid - Seville (by airplane) Las Palmas - Málaga - Valencia (by ship) Palma de MallorcaBarcelona (Spain)
Atlanta 1996 112 29,016 13,267
Main article: 1996 Summer Olympics torch relay
Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Los Angeles – Las VegasSan FranciscoSeattleSalt Lake CityDenverDallasSt. LouisMinneapolis – Chicago – Detroit - Boston – New York – Philadelphia – Washington, D.C. – MiamiBirmingham - Atlanta (USA)
Sydney 2000 127 27,000 13,300
Main article: 2000 Summer Olympics torch relay
Olympia - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Guam - Palau - Federated States of Micronesia - Nauru - Solomon Islands -Papua New Guinea - Vanuatu - Samoa - American Samoa - Cook Islands - Tonga - Queenstown - Christchurch - Wellington - Rotorua - Auckland (New Zealand) - Uluru - Brisbane - Darwin - Perth - Adelaide - Melbourne - Canberra - Sydney (Australia)
Athens 2004 142 86,000 11,360 Olympia - tour of all Greece - Marathonas - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Sydney - Melbourne (Australia) - Tokyo (Japan) - Seoul (South Korea) - Beijing (People's Republic of China) - Delhi (India) - Cairo (Egypt) - Cape Town (South Africa) - Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) - Mexico City (Mexico) - Los Angeles - St. Louis - Atlanta - New York (USA) - Montreal (Canada) - Antwerp - Brussels (Belgium) - Amsterdam (Netherlands) - Lausanne - Geneva (Switzerland) - Paris (France) - London (Great Britain) - Madrid - Barcelona (Spain) - Rome (Italy) - Munich - Berlin (Germany) - Stockholm (Sweden) - Helsinki (Finland) - Moscow (Russia) - Kiev (Ukraine) - Istanbul (Turkey) - Sofia (Bulgaria) - Nicosia (Cyprus) - Iraklion - Thessaloniki - Patras - Athens (Greece)
Beijing 2008 130 137,000 21,880 Olympia - Marathonas - Athens (Greece) (by airplane) Beijing (People's Republic of China) (by airplane) Almaty (Kazakhstan) (by airplane) Istanbul (Turkey) (by airplane) St. Petersburg (Russia) (by airplane) London (Great Britain) – Paris (by airplane) San Francisco (USA) (by airplane) Buenos Aires (Argentina) (by airplane) Dar es Salaam (Tanzania) – Muscat (Oman) – Islamabad (Pakistan) – Mumbai (India) – Bangkok (Thailand) – Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia) – Jakarta (Indonesia) – Canberra (Australia) – Nagano (Japan) – Seoul (South Korea) – Pyongyang (North Korea) – Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam) - Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China) – Macau (Macau, China) – Sanya - Wuzhishan - Wanning - Haikou - Guangzhou - Shenzhen - Huizhou - Shantou - Fuzhou - Quanzhou - Xiamen - Longyan - Ruijin - Jinggangshan - Nanchang - Wenzhou - Ningbo - Hangzhou - Shaoxing - Jiaxing - Shanghai - Suzhou - Nantong - Taizhou - Yangzhou - Nanjing - Hefei - Huainan - Wuhu - Jixi - Huangshan - Wuhan - Yichang - Jingzhou - Yueyang - Changsha - Shaoshan - Guilin - Nanning - Baise - Kunming - Lijiang - Shangri-La County - Guiyang - Kaili - Zunyi - Chongqing - Guang'an - Mianyang - Guanghan - Lhasa - Golmud - Qinghai Hu - Xining - Ürümqi - Kashi - Shihezi - Changji - Dunhuang - Jiayuguan - Jiuquan - Tianshui - Lanzhou - Zhongwei - Wuzhong - Yinchuan - Yan'an - Yangling - Xianyang - Xi'an - Yuncheng - Pingyao - Taiyuan - Datong - Hohhot - Ordos - Baotou - Chifeng - Qiqihar - Daqing - Harbin - Songyuan - Changchun - Jilin - Yanji - Shenyang - Benxi - Liaoyang - Anshan - Dalian - Yantai - Weihai - Qingdao - Rizhao - Linyi - Qufu - Tai'an - Jinan - Shangqiu - Kaifeng - Zhengzhou - Luoyang - Anyang - Shijiazhuang - Qinhuangdao - TangshanTianjinLeshan - Zigong - Yibin - Chengdu - Shannan Prefecture - Beijing (People's Republic of China)

Sichuan route postponed to the end due to earthquake. [3]

London 2012 70 12,800 8,000 Greece: Olympia - Heraklion - Ioannina - Thessaloniki - Athens
United Kingdom: Land's End - Plymouth - Torquay - Exeter - Barnstaple - Taunton - Glastonbury - Bath - Bristol - Gloucester - Worcester - Cardiff - Swansea - Aberystwyth - Bangor - Chester - Much Wenlock - Stoke-on-Trent - Liverpool
Isle of Man: Douglas
United Kingdom: Belfast - Derry - Newry
Republic of Ireland: Dublin
United Kingdom: Belfast - Stranraer - Glasgow - Inverness - Kirkwall - Lerwick - Stornoway - Inverness - Aberdeen - Dundee - St Andrews - Stirling - Edinburgh - Newcastle upon Tyne - Kingston upon Hull - York - Carlisle - Dumfries - Blackpool - Manchester - Leeds - Sheffield - Nottingham - Derby - Birmingham - Stratford-upon-Avon - Rugby - Coventry - Norwich - Ipswich - Cambridge - Stoke Mandeville - Oxford - Windsor - Ascot - Reading - Winchester - Salisbury - Shaftesbury - Bournemouth - Southampton
Guernsey: Saint Peter Port
Jersey: Saint Helier
United Kingdom: Portsmouth - Chichester - Brighton - Hastings - Dover - Canterbury - London.

Winter Olympic Games

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Oslo 1952 2 225 94
Main article: 1952 Winter Olympics torch relay
MorgedalOslo (Norway)
Cortina d'Ampezzo 1956 5 Rome (by train) VeniceCortina d'Ampezzo (Italy)
Squaw Valley 1960 19 960 700 MorgedalOslo (Norway) (by airplane) Los Angeles – FresnoSquaw Valley (USA)
Innsbruck 1964 8 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) ViennaInnsbruck (Austria)
Grenoble 1968 50 7,222 5,000 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Paris – StrasbourgLyonBordeauxToulouseMarseilleNiceChamonixGrenoble (France)
Sapporo 1972 38 18,741 16,300 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Okinawa (by airplane) Tokyo – Sapporo (Japan)
Innsbruck 1976 6 1,618 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Vienna (route nr. 1) LinzSalzburgInnsbruck (route nr. 2) GrazKlagenfurtInnsbruck (Austria)
Lake Placid 1980 15 12,824 52 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Shannon (Ireland) Langley Air Force Base, HamptonWashingtonBaltimorePhiladelphia – New York – AlbanyLake Placid (USA)
Sarajevo 1984 11 5,289 1,600 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Dubrovnik (route nr. 1) SplitLjubljanaZagreb - Sarajevo (route nr. 2) SkopjeNovi SadBelgradeSarajevo (Yugoslavia)
Calgary 1988 95 18,000 6,250 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) St. John’s, NewfoundlandQuébec CityMontrealOttawa – Toronto – WinnipegInuvik – Vancouver – EdmontonCalgary (Canada)
Albertville 1992 58 5,500 5,500 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (on Concorde) Paris – NantesLe HavreLilleStrasbourgLimogesBordeauxToulouseAjaccioNiceMarseilleLyonGrenobleAlbertville (France)
Lillehammer 1994 82[nb 1] 12,000[nb 1] 7,000[nb 1] OlympiaAthens (Greece) (mainly by airplane: FrankfurtStuttgartKarlsruheDüsseldorfCologneHamburg (Germany) – Copenhagen (Denmark) – Stockholm (Sweden) ) – OsloLillehammer (Norway)
(National torch relay: MorgedalKristiansandStavangerBergenGullfaks – Bergen – TrondheimTromsøSvalbard – Tromsø – Bodø – Oslo – Lillehammer (Norway) )[nb 1][4][5][6]
Nagano 1998 51 3,486 6,901 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Tokyo (route nr. 1) HokkaidōChiba – Tokyo – Nagano (route nr. 2) OkinawaHiroshimaKyotoNagano (route nr. 3) KagoshimaOsakaShizuokaNagano (Japan)
Salt Lake City 2002 85 21,275 12,012 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) AtlantaCharleston, South Carolina - Jacksonville, Florida - St. Augustine, FloridaOrlando, Florida - MiamiMobile, AlabamaBiloxi, MississippiNew Orleans - HoustonSan AntonioAustin, Texas - DallasLittle Rock, Arkansas - Memphis - Nashville, TennesseeLouisville, KentuckyCincinnatiPittsburghCumberland, Maryland – Washington, D.C. – BaltimorePhiladelphia – New York - Hartford, ConnecticutProvidence, Rhode Island - BostonBurlington, Vermont - Lake PlacidSyracuse - Cleveland - Columbus, Ohio – Chicago – Milwaukee - DetroitFort Wayne, IndianaIndianapolisLexingtonSt. Louis - Kansas CityOmahaWichita - Oklahoma CityAmarillo - Albuquerque - Phoenix – Los Angeles – San FranciscoSquaw ValleyRenoPortlandSeattleJuneauBoiseBozemanCheyenneDenverSalt Lake City (USA)[7]
Turin 2006 75 11,300 10,000 OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Rome – FlorenceGenoaCagliariPalermoNaplesBariAncona (Italy) – San Marino (San Marino) – BolognaVeniceTrieste (Italy) Ljubljana (Slovenia) Klagenfurt (Austria) TrentoCortina d'AmpezzoMilan (Italy) Lugano (Switzerland) Bardonecchia (Italy) GrenobleAlbertville (France) Turin (Italy)
Vancouver 2010 106 45,000+ 12,000+ OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Victoria, British ColumbiaYukonNorthwest TerritoriesAlbertaSaskatchewanManitobaNunavutQuebecNewfoundland and LabradorNova ScotiaPrince Edward IslandNew BrunswickQuebecOntarioManitobaSaskatchewanAlberta (Canada) – Washington (USA) – Vancouver, British Columbia (Canada) [8]
Sochi 2014 123 65,000
Main article: 2014 Winter Olympics torch relay
OlympiaAthens (Greece) (by airplane) Moscow - Saint PetersburgKaliningradMurmanskArkhangelskYakutskVladivostokIrkutskNovosibirskKazanNizhny NovgorodVolgogradRostov-on-DonAstrakhanGroznySochi (Russia)

Youth Olympic Games

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Singapore 2010 22 26,700+ 2,400+ Olympia, (Greece) – Berlin (Germany) - Dakar (Senegal) - Mexico City (Mexico) - Auckland (New Zealand) - Seoul (South Korea) - Singapore

Youth Winter Olympic Games

Site of the Olympic Games Days Total length (in km) Total number of torchbearers Route
Innsbruck 2012 18 3,573 2,012 Athens (Greece) - Innsbruck - Bregenz - St. Anton am Arlberg - Lienz - Klagenfurt - Semmering - Wien - Graz - Eisenstadt - St. Pölten - Linz - Salzburg - Schladming - Seefeld in Tirol - Kühtai - Kufstein - Innsbruck (Austria)

See also

References

External links

  • International Olympic Committee
  • BBC News

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