World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Oregon Citizens Alliance

The Oregon Citizens Alliance (OCA) was a U.S. state of Oregon. It was founded in 1986 as a vehicle to challenge then–U.S. Senator Bob Packwood in the Republican primaries,[1] and was involved in Oregon politics from the late 1980s into the 1990s.

Contents

  • Legislative activism 1
  • Local efforts 2
  • Hands Off Washington 3
  • 1996 Senate race 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Legislative activism

In 1988 the group sponsored Measure 8, an initiative that repealed Governor Neil Goldschmidt's executive order banning discrimination based on sexual orientation in the executive branch of state government. The measure not only repealed the executive order, but also put a statute on the books that prohibited any job protection for gay people in state government. The measure was approved by the voters, 52.7 percent to 47.3 percent. It was the OCA's only statewide victory.

Aftwards, the OCA turned its attention to abortion. It placed Measure 10 on the 1990 general election ballot, which would have required parental notification for a minor's abortion. The measure was defeated, 52.2 percent to 47.8 percent.

In 1992 the OCA returned to the issue of homosexuality, when it proposed Measure 9. This initiative would have amended the Oregon Constitution to prevent what the OCA called "special rights" for homosexuals and bisexuals, by adding a provision that the state "recognizes homosexuality, pedophilia, sadism and masochism as abnormal, wrong, unnatural, and perverse." The ballot measure was defeated, 56 percent to 44 percent. That same year, the Oregon Court of Appeals declared Measure 8 unconstitutional.[2] As a result, the OCA's only statewide victory was nullified.

The OCA promoted similar measures at the local level, both before and after the 1992 election, but those measures were ultimately invalidated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly. It also promoted similar statewide measures with language softer than that of Measure 9. These included Measures 13 and 19 in 1994, and Measure 9 (sometimes referred to as "Son of 9") in 2000.

The organized opposition to 1992's Measure 9 formed the basis of much of the current Basic Rights Oregon.[1]

Local efforts

After failing to pass [4] The Oregon Court of Appeals upheld the state law in 1995, and the Oregon Supreme Court denied review. DeParrie v. State, 133 Ore. App. 613, 893 P.2d 541, review denied, 321 Ore. 560, 901 P.2d 858 (1995).[5] Two weeks after the United States Supreme Court ruled in Romer v. Evans, the OCA suspended its efforts for a third statewide ballot initiative.[6]

Election date Locale Measure Outcome Notes
May 19, 1992 Corvallis 02-06 N 4,896 (36.21%) 8,625 (63.79%) [7][8][9]
Springfield 20-08 Y 55.4% 44.6% [8]
May 18, 1993 Cornelius 34-5 Y 981 (61.74%) 608 (38.26%) [10][11]
June 29, 1993 Canby Y 1,961 (55.76%) 1,556 (44.24%) Final unofficial results as of July 1, 1993.[12][13]
Junction City Y Passed by one vote.
The measure was later invalidated by a court,
but a new initiative passed March 22, 1994.[3][12][14]
Douglas Co. Y [12]
Josephine Co. Y 13,048 (60.47%) 8,529 (39.53) Final unofficial results as of July 1, 1993.[12][13]
Klamath Co. 18-01 Y 11,304 (65.87%) 5,856 (34.13%) [12][15]
Linn Co. Y 18,197 (69.06%) 8,153 (30.94%) Final unofficial results as of July 1, 1993.[12][13]
September 21, 1993 Creswell 20-01 Y 368 (57.86%) 268 (42.14%) Final unofficial results as of September 22, 1993.[16][17][18]
Estacada 3-1 Y 349 (54.45%) 292 (45.55%) Final unofficial results as of September 22, 1993.[16][17][18]
Lebanon 22-02 Y 1,869 (65.24%) 996 (34.76%) Final unofficial results as of September 22, 1993.[16][17][18]
Medford 15-2 Y 8,550 (58.48%) 6,070 (41.52%) Incomplete results as of September 22, 1993.[16][17][18]
Molalla 3-2 Y 443 (54.96%) 363 (45.04%) Final unofficial results as of September 22, 1993.[16][17][18]
Sweet Home 22-01 Y 1,242 (77.33%) 364 (22.67%) Final unofficial results as of September 22, 1993.[16][17][18]
Jackson Co. 15-1 Y 27,621 (59.10%) 19,115 (40.90%) Incomplete results as of September 22, 1993.[16][17][18]
November 9, 1993 Keizer Y 55% 45% [4]
Oregon City Y 53% 47% [4]
March 22, 1994 Albany 22-3 Y 5,357 (58.82%) 3,750 (41.18%) Final unofficial results as of March 23, 1994.[14][19]
Junction City 20-06 Y 658 (56.97%) 497 (43.03%) Final unofficial results as of March 23, 1994.[19]
Replaced a measure passed June 29, 1993 but invalidated in court.[20]
Marion Co. 24-5 Y 36,663 (60.77%) 23,666 (39.23%) Final unofficial results as of March 23, 1994.[14][19]
Turner 22-03 Y 349 (78.96%) 93 (21.04%) Final unofficial results as of March 23, 1994.[14][19]
May 17, 1994 Cottage Grove Y 57% 43% Final unofficial results as of May 19, 1994.[21]
Grants Pass Y
Gresham 26-4 N 8,035 (50.45%) 7,891 (49.55%) [21][22]
Charter amendments require 60%.
Oakridge Y 51% 49% Final unofficial results as of May 19, 1994.[21]
Roseburg Y 65% 35% Final unofficial results as of May 19, 1994.[21]
Veneta Y 55% 45% Final unofficial results as of May 19, 1994.[21]
November 8, 1994 Lake Co. Y

Hands Off Washington

In 1993, the OCA intervened in Washington state politics by introducing two ballot measures that would have threatened the employability of persons who were LGBT, or were perceived to be. An ad hoc grassroots movement called Hands Off Washington was organized in opposition to the measures. The Hands Off Washington campaign repelled both efforts.

1996 Senate race

In the 1996 U.S. Senate special election to succeed Senator Packwood, the OCA endorsed Gordon Smith over Ron Wyden in the race. Critics faulted Smith for failing to take a strong stand against the OCA, and he was defeated by Wyden. When Smith made a second run for the Senate a few months later after incumbent Mark Hatfield had retired, Mabon ran against Smith. The Oregonian cited Mabon's candidacy as a key component of Smith's attempt in the second race to establish himself as a centrist, contributing to his victory over Democrat Tom Bruggere.[23]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Wentz, Patty (1999). "Homophobia hits home".  
  2. ^ Merrick v. Board of Higher Education, 116 Or App 258, 841 P2d 646 (1992).
  3. ^ a b Kidd, Joe (July 27, 1993). "City officials put gay issue on fall ballot".  
  4. ^ a b c "OCA gets ready to take its battle to 1994 ballots".  
  5. ^ Neville, Paul (April 13, 1995). "Appeals court deals setback to gay rights foes".  
  6. ^ Neville, Paul (June 28, 1996). "Gay celebration spotlights victory in Supreme Court".  
  7. ^ Portal, Ann (May 20, 1992). "Voters approve anti-gay measure".  
  8. ^ a b "A Blue-Collar Town Is a Gay-Rights Battleground".  
  9. ^ Benton County Elections Office, retrieved March 26, 2010.
  10. ^ Rubenstein, Sura (May 18, 1993). "Anti-gay, county measures pass: Cornelius voters OK home-grown ballot measure".  
  11. ^ Washington County Elections Office, retrieved March 23, 2010.
  12. ^ a b c d e f Egan, Timothy (July 1, 1993). "Voters in Oregon Back Local Anti-Gay Rules".  
  13. ^ a b c Porter, Mark (July 1, 1993). "Opponents will seek a recount".  
  14. ^ a b c d "OCA: Measure gaining momentum".  
  15. ^ Klamath County Clerk's Office, retrieved February 11, 2010.
  16. ^ a b c d e f g "6 Oregon Cities, 1 County Pass Laws Against Gay Rights".  
  17. ^ a b c d e f g Rubenstein, Sura (September 22, 1993). "Anti-gay-rights measures win handily".  
  18. ^ a b c d e f g "Anti-gay-rights measure: County and city profiles".  
  19. ^ a b c d "Anti-gay-rights measures: County and city profiles".  
  20. ^ Kidd, Joe (March 23, 1994). "Voters pass anti-gay law for 2nd time".  
  21. ^ a b c d e Rubenstein, Sura (May 19, 1994). "OCA, foe both proclaim vote victory".  
  22. ^ Multnomah County Elections Office, retrieved March 24, 2010.
  23. ^ Kinsey-Hill, Gail (November 7, 1996). "After earlier defeat, Smith successfully moves toward center". The Oregonian. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.