World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland

Article Id: WHEBN0034557738
Reproduction Date:

Title: Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alexander III of Scotland, History of the term "Catholic", History of Scotland
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland

The Orygynale Cronykil of Scotland is a history of Scotland from the beginning of the world until the accession of King James I. Attributed to Andrew of Wyntoun, a learned scholar of the time,[1] it is one of the only manuscripts composed in Scots verse before the seventeenth century, though it is also said to be written in northern English or late Anglo-Saxon.[2] Wyntoun himself calls his language "Ynglys" and this fact is sometimes used, albeit anachronistically, to make a Pseudo-linguistic, and primarily politically dismissive point, against cultural nationalism.[3]

The Cronykil survives in eleven[3] manuscripts,[4] such as those in the Cotton library, the Harleian library, and the library of the faculty of Advocates at Edinburgh. The purest is the Royal MS, Brit. Museum.[5] There is speculation over the date of the Royal manuscript, but scholars have determined that it likely could not have been written prior to 1420. (Wyntoun was born around 1350.) [6] Andrew of Wyntoun and John of Fordun were contemporary historians, and though they did not know of each other, they share a claim to the title of original historian of Scotland..[5]

Wyntoun wrote in eight syllable verse and couplets to form a primitive poetry. Composed of 30,000 verses,[1] the Cronykil is divided into nine books, and each book is divided into chapters. The first five books focus on the creation of the world in general, and Scottish history commences in the sixth.[5] The eighth book is longer than the first four combined. Wyntoun received the last eighty-three years of the history, covering King David II to Robert II, from an acquaintance.

Among other topics, Wytoun records the churches and Bishops of St. Andrew, as well as information about the royal families of Scotland,[5] lines from Barber, and an elegiac cantus for Alexander III. However, he skims over Alexander the Great and the wars of the Anglo-Saxons with the Ancient Britons, merely directing readers to find such histories in other books.[5] Most notably, the Cronykil contains the original story of Macbeth and the witches (in Book Six).[7] Wyntoun provided a second, revised Cronykil, correcting minor mistakes made in the first edition.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ a b "A presentation of the grammatical inflexions in ... . - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital Library". Babel.hathitrust.org. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-10-21. 
  2. ^ "Middle English Historiography. by Robert A. Albano". Speculum 71 (1) (Medieval Academy of America). January 1996. pp. 112–114. 
  3. ^ a b "A presentation of the grammatical inflexions in ... . - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital Library". Babel.hathitrust.org. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-10-21. 
  4. ^ , vol.1 (1872)Oryginale CronykilDavid, Laing, ed., full text at The Internet Archive.
  5. ^ a b c d e f De orygynale cronykil of Scotland - Andrew (of Wyntoun) - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-10-21. 
  6. ^ "A presentation of the grammatical inflexions in ... . - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital Library". Babel.hathitrust.org. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-10-21. 
  7. ^ "A presentation of the grammatical inflexions in ... . - Full View | HathiTrust Digital Library | HathiTrust Digital Library". Babel.hathitrust.org. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2013-10-21. 

References

  • Albano, Robert A. Middle English Historiography. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.