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Otto Gray and his Oklahoma Cowboys

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Title: Otto Gray and his Oklahoma Cowboys  
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Subject: Music of Oklahoma, Western music (North America), Midnight Special (song), The Duke of Paducah
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Otto Gray and his Oklahoma Cowboys

McGinty's Oklahoma Cowboy Band
Origin Ripley, Oklahoma, USA
Genres Western
Years active c. 1921 – c. 1926
Labels OKeh
Past members Johnny Bennett
Ernest Bevins
Dave "Pistol Pete" Cutrell
H.C. Hackney
Paul Harrison
U.E. Moore
Guy Messecar
Marie Mitchell
Frank Sherrill
Otto Gray and the Oklahoma Cowboys
Origin Ripley, Oklahoma, USA
Genres Western
Years active c. 1926 – c. 1937
Labels Vocalion Gennett Melotone
Past members Lee "Zeke" Allen
Wade "Hy" Allen
Bill Crane
"Booger" Fields
Whitey Ford[1]
Florence "Mommie" Gray
Owen "Zeb" Gray
Polly Jenkins[2]
"Chief" Sanders
Rube Tronson
Fred Wilson
*NOTE: Zeke Clements played with another band, Ken Hackley's Oklahoma Cowboys

Otto Gray and his Oklahoma Cowboys were the first nationally-famous cowboy band[3] in the United States, and the first cowboy band to appear on the cover of The Billboard (June 6, 1931).[4]

Formed in Ripley, Oklahoma in the early 1920s, the band was first known as McGinty's Oklahoma Cowboy Band, for the leader, Billy McGinty, a well-known cowboy, former Rough Rider, and world champion rider with Buffalo Bill's show.

The band members were authentic cowboys from ranches in and around Ripley. Their first promoter, George Youngblood, introduced them saying, "I wish to say of this bunch of cowboys that they are not only good fiddlers, but can ride or rope anything that has horns, hide or hair." After McGinty left to become the post master at Ripley, Otto Gray (1884–1967), took over as bandleader as well as manager. With the extensive traveling generated from their popularity, the original band member dropped out to stay with their jobs and families. Gray filled their places with professional musicians willing to spend most of their time on the road.

Playing on the vaudeville circuits in the Midwest and Northeast, and nationwide over some 130 radio stations, they played the first cowboy music most Americans outside of the West had ever heard.

One of their most popular tunes was "Midnight Special", performed by member Dave "Pistol Pete" Cutrell;[5] Cutrell's "Pistol Pete's Midnight Special" with McGinty's band was also the first version of "Midnight Special" ever recorded.[6]

The band lasted until the early 1930s when economic situations led them to disband.

Selected discography

Original recording dates.[7][8]
Recording Date Matrix No. Title Record Label
May 1926 9648-A "Cow Boy's Dream" OKeh 45057
May 1926 9650-1 "Pistol Pete's Midnight Special" OKeh 45057
January 17, 1928 13365-A "It Can't Be Done" Gennett 6376
January 17, 1928 13366 "Adam And Eve" Gennett 6376
January 17, 1928 13367 "Lone Prairie" Gennett unissued
January 17, 1928 13368 "Your Mother Still Prays For You, Jack" Gennett 6387
January 28, 1928 13407 "It Can't Be Done" Champion 15446
January 28, 1928 13408 "Adam and Eve" Gennett unissued
January 28, 1928 13409 "Bury Me On The Lone Prairie" Gennett 6405
January 28, 1928 13411 "Drunkards Lone Child" Gennett 6405
January 28, 1928 13412 "In the Baggage Coach Ahead" Gennett 6387
September 17, 1928 C-2317 "It Can't Be Done" Vocalion 5250
September 17, 1928 C-2318 "Adam and Eve" Vocalion 5250
September 17, 1928 C-2319 "Tom Cat Blues" Vocalion 5267
September 17, 1928 C-2320 "Coon Hunt" Vocalion 5267
October 1928 C-2435 "Your Mother Still Prays For You, Jack" Vocalion 5301
October 1928 C-2436 "Be Home Early Tonight My Dear Boy" Vocalion 5301
October 1928 C-2437 "Barefoot Boy With Boots On" Vocalion 5256
October 1928 C-2438 "I Had But Fifty Cents" Vocalion 5256
March 12 or 13, 1929 C-3108 "Plant A Watermelon On My Grave" Vocalion 5327
March 12 or 13, 1929 C-3109 "The Terrible Marriage" Vocalion 5327
March 12 or 13, 1929 C-3110 "I Can't Change It" Vocalion 5337
March 12 or 13, 1929 C-3111 "Midnight Special" Vocalion 5337
May 20, 1930 g-16635 "Down Where the Swanee River Flows" Champion 16027
May 20, 1930 g-16636 "Gathering Up the Shells From the Seashore" Champion 16027
February 16, 1931 E-35856 "Who Stole The Lock On The Henhouse Door" Melotone M12182

Vocalion 5479

February 16, 1931 E-35857 "Cat Came Back" Melotone M12127
February 16, 1931 E-35858 "Suckin' Cider" Melotone M12127
February 16, 1931 E-35859 "When You Come To the End of the Day" Melotone M12223
February 16, 1931 E-35860 "4000 Years Ago" Melotone M12182

Vocalion 5479

February 16, 1931 E-35861 "Mammy's Little Coal Black Rose" Melotone M 12223

References

Bibliography

  • Chlouber, Carla. "Otto Gray and his Oklahoma Cowboys: The Country's First Commercial Western Band". Chronicles of Oklahoma, (Winter, 1997–98) 75:4 356-383.
  • Cohen, Norm. Long Steel Rail: The Railroad in American Folksong. University of Illinois Press (2nd ed), 2000. ISBN 0-252-06881-5
  • Kite, Steve. "Billy McGinty & His Cowboy Band Take to the Air" (transcription). Oklahoma Audio Almanac. Oklahoma State University, May 9, 2001.
  • McRill, Leslie A. "Music in Oklahoma by the Billy McGinty Cowboy Band". Chronicles of Oklahoma, (Spring, 1960) 38:1 66-74.
  • Otto Gray's Oklahoma Cowboys. Early Cowboy Band. British Archive of Country Music, CD D 139, 2006.
  • Russell, Tony. Country Music Records: A Discography, 1921-1942. Oxford University Press, 2004. ISBN 0-19-513989-5
  • Shirley, Glenn "Daddy of the Cowboy Bands. Oklahoma Today (Fall 1959), 9:4 6-7, 29.
  • Wolfe, Charles K. and James E. Akenson (eds). Women of Country Music: A Reader. University Press of Kentucky, 2003. ISBN 0-8131-2280-5

External links

  • Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Gray, Otto and His Oklahoma Cowboys
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