World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Oxford County, Ontario

Article Id: WHEBN0000627786
Reproduction Date:

Title: Oxford County, Ontario  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of museums in Ontario, Woodstock Sentinel-Review, Ontario Highway 59, George Leslie Mackay, Ontario Highway 53
Collection: Oxford County, Ontario
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Oxford County, Ontario

Oxford County
Regional municipality (upper-tier)
County of Oxford
Motto: Growing Stronger, Together
Map showing Oxford County location in Ontario
Map showing Oxford County location in Ontario
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Incorporated 1850
 • Land 2,039.56 km2 (787.48 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 105,719
 • Density 51.8/km2 (134/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)

Oxford County is a regional municipality of the Canadian province of Ontario, located in the Southwestern portion of the province. The regional seat is in Woodstock. Oxford County has functioned as a regional municipality since 2001, despite still containing the word county in its official title. It comprises a single Statistics Canada census division.


  • Subdivisions 1
  • History 2
  • Demographics 3
  • Policing 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Oxford County comprises


In 1788, the Hesse District was established within Upper Canada covering the territory of what is today southwestern Ontario. Four years later it became the Western District with the establishment of Norfolk County which included the territory of present-day Oxford County. In 1793, Abraham Canfield a United Empire Loyalist from Connecticut, settled in the "Township of Oxford on the Thames". In 1798, these lands were included into a new London District. The Brock District, containing the Oxford County territory, was then split off from the London District in 1840, after Upper Canada had been replaced by the Canada West portion of the Province of Canada governance.

The boundaries of Oxford county for most of its existence were established in 1850 with the implementation of the Baldwin Act. In 1855, Norwich Township in the county's southeast was divided into North and South townships to accommodate significant population levels in that area. Except for this adjustment, the township boundaries within the county remained intact until the late 20th century.

On 1 January 1975, major revisions to Oxford County's structure took effect when the townships were reduced to the current five under an amalgamation. Three urban municipalities also remained, namely Ingersoll, Tillsonburg and Woodstock. Today's county boundaries also show slight adjustments to include the urban areas of Tavistock in the north and of Tillsonburg in the south.

Old Order Mennonite Resident of Oxford County


Historic populations:[3]

  • Population in 2001: 99,270
  • Population in 1996: 97,142


Because of its designation as a regional municipality, Oxford County has a regional-level police force, titled the Woodstock Police Service. However, a few communities such as Ingersoll, Norwich and Tillsonburg are patrolled by the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP) Oxford detachment, with Ingersoll formerly having its own independent police service for many years before merging with the OPP.[4] Recently many townships opted to remove OCPS from service and now relies upon the OPP. OCPS has become the Woodstock Police Service and now only serves inside Woostock city limits.

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Oxford County census profile".  
  2. ^ "2006 Community Profiles".  
  3. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles".  
  4. ^

External links

  • County of Oxford, Ontario Canada Official website
  • Information Oxford
  • Oxford County: History
  • McGill University, The Digital Collections Program: 1880 map of Ontario Counties
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.