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PR Serbia

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PR Serbia

Socialist Republic of Serbia
Socijalistička Republika Srbija
Социјалистичка Република Србија
Constituent republic of Yugoslavia

1943–1992
Flag Emblem
Yugoslavia
Capital Belgrade
Languages Serbo-Croatian
Government Socialist republic
Legislature National Assembly
Historical era Cold War, World War 2
 -  Second Session of the AVNOJ
29 November 1943
 -  End of World War II 8 May 1945
 -  Breakup of Yugoslavia 1992
Area
 -  1991 88,361 km² (34,116 sq mi)
Population
 -  1991 est. 9,506,174 
     Density 107.6 /km²  (278.6 /sq mi)
Currency Yugoslav dinar

The Socialist Republic of Serbia (

  1. REDIRECT ) was the largest of the six republics in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, both in terms of population and area. Its capital, Belgrade, was also the federal capital.

History

From 1945 to 1963, the republic was officially known as People's Republic of Serbia (Narodna Republika Srbija), and from 1963 to 1990 as Socialist Republic of Serbia (Socijalistička Republika Srbija). The republic was controversially internally divided in 1974 to include two autonomous provinces, Vojvodina and Kosovo which had the same rights and privileges as constituent republics of Yugoslavia.

For most of its existence in the SFRY, Serbia was loyal and generally subordinate to the federal government. This changed after the death of Josip Broz Tito in 1980 and the rise of Albanian as well as Serbian nationalism in Kosovo, which resulted in a split in the League of Communists on how to respond. A successful round of coups in the Communist party leadership of Serbia as well as Montenegro occurred from 1988 to 1989, led by Slobodan Milošević who supported Serbian nationalists in Kosovo in removing Kosovo's autonomy.

In 1989, Milošević became President of the republic and demanded that the federal Yugoslav government act for the interests of Serbia in Kosovo by sending in the Yugoslav Peoples Army to take control of the province. Opposition to such action and the demands by Serbia for a "one-member, one-vote" system in the Yugoslav League of Communists, which would have given a majority of votes to Serbs, precipitated ethnic tensions and the collapse of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia and of Yugoslavia itself by 1991.

After 1990, the state was known simply as Republic of Serbia (Republika Srbija) which was a constituent republic in the rump Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, then as Serbia and Montenegro until 2006 when Serbia became an independent state.

Administrative divisions

Within Socialist Republic of Serbia two autonomous provinces existed: Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina and Socialist Autonomous Province of Kosovo. The central part of the Socialist Republic of Serbia located outside of the two autonomous provinces was generally known as "Serbia proper" ("Uža Srbija").

Demographics

1971 census

In 1971, total population of the Socialist Republic of Serbia numbered 8,446,591 people, including:

1981 census

In 1981, total population of the Socialist Republic of Serbia numbered 9,313,677 people, including:

Politics

In the Socialist Republic, the only legal political party was the League of Communists of Serbia (Savez komunista Srbije), which was part of the League of Communists of Yugoslavia. The party remained relatively stable and loyal to the federal party until the late 1980s, when the party became split over what action to take in Kosovo when protests and fights broke out between ethnic Albanians and Serbs.

The more traditional Communists supported President Ivan Stambolic advocated continued neutrality as a means to solve the dispute while more radical and nationalist-leaning members supported Slobodan Milosevic advocated the protection of Kosovo's Serbs who had claimed that their population was being pressured to leave Kosovo by Albanian separatists. Milosevic utilized public sentiment and opposition to Kosovo separatism to rally large numbers of supporters to help him overthrow the Communist leadership in Vojvodina, Kosovo and the Socialist Republic of Montenegro in what was known as the anti-bureaucratic revolution. Afterwards, the Serbian League of Communists selected Milosevic as their leader. Milosevic took a hard stand on Albanian nationalism in Kosovo and pressured the Yugoslav government to give him emergency powers to deal with Kosovo separatists. Furthermore he reduced the autonomy of the autonomous provinces of Kosovo and Vojvodina and installed politicians loyal to him to serve as their representatives.

In the congress of the Yugoslav League of Communists in 1990, Milosevic and his subordinate representatives for Vojvodina, Kosovo and the Socialist Republic of Montenegro attempted to silence opposition from the Socialist Republic of Slovenia which opposed the actions taken against Kosovo by blocking all reforms proposed by the Slovene representatives. The tactic failed and Slovenia, along with its ally Croatia, abdicated from the Yugoslav Communist Party. This caused the Yugoslav Communist party to fall apart, and then the state of Yugoslavia itself one year later.

Heads of institutions

Chairman of ASNOS (1944 - 1945)

  • Siniša Stanković (12 November 1944 - 7 April 1945)
Part of a series on the
History of Serbia
By century
  • 9th
  • 10th
Prehistory
  • Neolithic
  • Bronze Age
  • Iron Age
Roman
Middle Ages
White Serbia to 610 AD
Principality

Rascia, Doclea,
Zachlumia, Travunia,
Pagania (Narentines)

768–969
Catepanate 969–976
Theme 969–1043
Vojislavljević Doclea 998–1101
Grand Principality 1101–1217
Kingdom 1217–1346
Syrmia 1282–1325
Empire · Fall 1346–1371
Lazar's Serbia 1371–1402
Despotate 1402–1459
Early modern
Ottoman Serbia 1402–1912
Nenad / Čelnik 1526–1530
Habsburg occupation 1686–1699
Great Serb Migrations 1690 and
1737–1739
Habsburg Serbia 1718–1739
Koča's rebellion 1788–1791
Serbia 1804–1918
Revolution 1804–1815
Principality of Serbia 1817–1882
Serbian Vojvodina 1848–1849
Serbia and Banat 1849–1860
Kingdom of Serbia 1882–1918
Serbia since 1918
Kingdom of Yugoslavia 1918–1941
Axis occupation 1941–1944
Socialist Republic 1944–1990
Federal Republic 1990–2006
Republic of Serbia 2006–present
Timeline
Serbia portal

Presidents

  • President of the Presidium of the People's Assembly (1945 - 1953)
    • Siniša Stanković (7 April 1945 - March 1953)
  • Presidents of the National Assembly (1953 - 1974)
    • Petar Stambolić (December 1953 - April 1957)
    • Jovan Veselinov (April 1957 - 26 June 1963)
    • Dušan Petrović (26 June 1963 - 6 May 1967)
    • Miloš Minić (6 May 1967 - 6 May 1969)
    • Dragoslav Marković (6 May 1969 - 19 April 1974)
    • Živan Vasiljević (19 April - 6 May 1974)
  • Presidents of the Presidency (1974 - 1990)
    • Dragoslav Marković (6 May 1974 - 5 May 1978)
    • Dobrivoje Vidić (5 May 1978 - 5 May 1982)
    • Nikola Ljubičić (5 May 1982 - 5 May 1984)
    • Dušan Čkrebić (5 May 1984 - 5 May 1986)
    • Ivan Stambolić (5 May 1986 - 14 December 1987)
    • Petar Gračanin (14 December 1987 - 20 March 1989)
    • Ljubiša Igić (20 March - 8 May 1989) (acting)
    • Slobodan Milošević (8 May 1989 - 28 September 1990)

Prime Ministers

  • Minister for Serbia in Yugoslav government
    • Jaša Prodanović (7 March 1945 - 9 April 1945)
  • President of the Government
    • Blagoje Nešković (9 April 1945 - 5 September 1948)
    • Petar Stambolić (5 September 1948 - 5 February 1953)
  • President of the Executive Council
    • Petar Stambolić (5 February 1953 - 16 December 1953)
    • Jovan Veselinov (16 December 1953 - 6 April 1957)
    • Miloš Minić (6 April 1957 - 9 June 1962)
    • Slobodan Penezić Krcun (9 June 1962 - 6 November 1964)
    • Stevan Doronjski (Acting; 6 November 1964 - 17 November 1964)
    • Dragi Stamenković (17 November 1964 - 6 June 1967)
    • Đurica Jojkić (6 June 1967 - 7 May 1969)
    • Milenko Bojanić (7 May 1969 - 6 May 1974)
    • Dušan Čkrebić (6 May 1974 - 6 May 1978)
    • Ivan Stambolić (6 May 1978 - 5 May 1982)
    • Branislav Ikonić (5 May 1982 - 6 May 1986)
    • Desimir Jevtić (6 May 1986 - 5 December 1989)
    • Stanko Radmilović (5 December 1989 - 28 September 1990)

See also

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