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Panulirus pascuensis

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Panulirus pascuensis

Panulirus pascuensis
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Achelata
Family: Palinuridae
Genus: Panulirus
Species: P. pascuensis
Binomial name
Panulirus pascuensis
Reed, 1954
Synonyms [2]

Palinurus paschalis Holthuis, 1972

Panulirus pascuensis is a species of spiny lobster found around Easter Island and the Pitcairn Islands in the Pacific Ocean.[2] It is known in English as the Easter Island spiny lobster and in Spanish as Langosta de Isla de Pascua. This lobster is fished on a small scale for local consumption.[2][3]

Description

Adults grow to a total length of 15–25 centimetres (6–10 in), with a claws on the first four pairs of walking legs. The colour of this spiny lobster is dark greenish purple with pale transverse bands on the posterior edge of the abdominal segments. The base of the tail fan has pale spots and the antennae are a uniform colour. The walking legs have slender longitudinal pale stripes.[4]

Distribution and habitat

Panulirus pascuensis is native to the south eastern Pacific Ocean, round the coasts of Easter Island and Pitcairn Island at depths of up to 5 metres (16 ft). It is also reported from the Austral Islands in French Polynesia. It is found on rocky shores and tends to hide during the day under boulders and in crevices.[1]

Biology

Like other spiny lobsters, Panulirus pascuensis feeds at night and is an omnivore and scavenger. Its diet consists of slow moving prey such as molluscs, echinoderms, crustaceans and chitons, supplemented with fish carcases or other carrion. Although it has no crushing claws, its mandibles are powerful and can break open bivalve and gastropod shells.[5] The larvae spend over a year as part of the plankton before settling on the seabed and undergoing metamorphosis into juveniles.[5]

Status

Panulirus pascuensis is collected by hand or with a spear for human consumption on Easter and Pitcairn Islands. Gill nets and lobster pots are also sometimes used and at night a torch is employed. The IUCN has listed this lobster in the Red List of Threatened Species as "Data Deficient" because insufficient information is available to assess its population size and trend.[1] The main threat to this lobster may be tourism, as the Easter Islanders are keen to attract more visitors and the Easter Island spiny lobster is the seafood dish of choice to serve to them at local restaurants.[6] It is a traditional food of the Rapanui, the native Polynesian inhabitants of the island, and is represented on many rock engravings.[6]

References

  1. ^ a b c M. Butler, A. Cockcroft & A. MacDiarmid (2009). "Panulirus pascuensis".  
  2. ^ a b c d  
  3. ^ Cruz-Trinidad, A. (1996). Valuation of Tropical Coastal Resources: Theory and Application of Linear Programming.  
  4. ^ )"Panulirus pascuensis"Easter Island spiny lobster (. Marine Lobsters of the World. Marine Species Identification Portal. Retrieved 2013-03-02. 
  5. ^ a b Caitlin Houlihan. "Caribbean Spiny Lobster". Marine Invertebrates of Bermuda. Retrieved 2013-03-06. 
  6. ^ a b Loret, John; Tanacredi, John T. (2003). Easter Island: Scientific Exploration Into the World's Environmental Problems in Microcosm. Springer. p. 167.  

External links

  • Data related to Panulirus pascuensis at Wikispecies
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