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Paris 1900 chess tournament

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Title: Paris 1900 chess tournament  
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Subject: Leon Rosen, Manuel Márquez Sterling, Paris
Collection: 1900 in Chess, 1900 in French Sport, 19Th Century in Paris, Chess Competitions, Chess in Paris
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Paris 1900 chess tournament

The Paris 1900 chess tournament was an event held in conjunction with the Exposition Universelle (1900), one of the world's most notable fairs or exhibitions held during the second half of the nineteenth century and designated a "World Exposition" by the Bureau of International Expositions. Major international chess tournaments were also held at six other expositions: London 1851, London 1862, Paris 1867, Vienna 1873, Philadelphia 1876 and Paris 1878. No chess events of significance accompanied the Exposition Universelle (1889) in Paris or the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893.

The tournament of 1900 was played in the Grand Cercle, Paris, from May 17 to June 20, 1900. The time limit was 30 moves in two hours, followed by 15 moves in one hour. Draws had to be replayed once.

The results and standings:[1]

# Player 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Total
1  Emanuel Lasker (German Empire) * 1 0 1 1 ½ 1 W 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 14½
2  Harry Nelson Pillsbury (United States) 0 * 0 1 0 1 1 1 W ½ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 12½
3  Frank James Marshall (United States) 1 1 * 0 1 ½ ½ 1 1 0 0 1 W 1 1 1 1 12
4  Géza Maróczy (Hungary) 0 0 1 * 0 ½ ½ 1 1 1 1 1 W W 1 1 1 12
5  Amos Burn (England) 0 1 0 1 * L 1 L 1 0 1 W + 1 1 1 1 11
6  Mikhail Chigorin (Russian Empire) ½ 0 ½ ½ W * 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10½
7  Carl Schlechter (Austria) 0 0 ½ ½ 0 1 * 0 L W 1 1 W 1 1 1 1 10
8 )Austria-Hungary( L 0 0 0 W 0 1 * 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 10
9  Jacques Mieses (German Empire) 0 L 0 0 0 1 W 0 * 1 1 W 1 1 W W 1 10
10  Jackson Whipps Showalter (United States) 0 ½ 1 0 1 1 L 0 0 * 0 ½ 1 1 1 1 1 9
11  Dawid Janowski (France) 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 * W 1 1 1 1 1 9
12  James Mason (United States) 0 0 0 0 L 0 0 0 L ½ L * 1 L W 1 W
13  Miklós Bródy (Austria-Hungary) 0 0 L L 0 L 0 0 0 0 0 * W 1 1 1 4
14  Leon Rosen (United States) 0 0 0 L 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 W L * 0 W W 3
15  James Mortimer (United States) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 L 0 0 L 0 1 * 0 1 2
16  Manuel Márquez Sterling (Cuba) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 L 0 0 0 0 L 1 * 0 1
17  M. Didier (France) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 L 0 L 0 1 * 1

Legend: W (draw and win = 1 point), ½ (two draws = ½), L (draw and loss = 0 point), + (forfeit win = 1 point), – (forfeit loss = 0 point).

The prizes winners were Lasker (5000 F), Pillsbury (2500 F), Maróczy and Marshall (1750 F) each, Burn (1500 F), Chigorin (1000 F), Marco and Mieses (300 F) each. Schlechter tied for 7–9th but won fewer games and received no prize money. The top four also won Sèvres vases. Mieses won the Brilliancy Prize with his favourite Vienna Game against Janowski.[2]

Samuel Rosenthal wrote the tournament book. A tradition of world fairs and chess tournaments had ended.[3]

References

  1. ^ http://xoomer.virgilio.it/cserica/scacchi/storiascacchi/tornei/1900-49/1900parigi.htm
  2. ^ Kleines Lehrbuch der Schachspiels (1910)
  3. ^ http://www.endgame.nl/wfairs.htm
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