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Parliament of East Timor

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Parliament of East Timor

National Parliament
Tetum: Parlamentu Nasionál
Parlamento Nacional
Type Unicameral
Seats 65 MPs
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Political groups
  •      CNRT (30)
  •      FRETILIN (25)
  •      PD (8)
  •      Frenti-Mudança (2)
Length of term 5 years
Authority Title III, Part III, Constitution of East Timor
Voting system Party-list proportional representation
Last election July 7, 2012
Meeting place
Parliament of Timor-Leste in Dili on June 21, 2002.
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The National Parliament (Tetum: Parlamentu Nasionál, Portuguese: Parlamento Nacional) is the unicameral national legislature in East Timor. It was created in 2001 as the Constituent Assembly while the country was still under the supervision of the United Nations, but renamed itself to the National Parliament with the attaining of national independence on May 20, 2002.

The number of members of the parliament may range between 52 and 65; it started with 88 members, due to the Constituent Assembly's decision to reform as the National Parliament rather than holding new elections. All members serve five-year terms. Members are elected by a party-list system.[1] The parliament sits in the National Parliament Building in the capital, Dili, which was specially refurbished with AUD 1.8 million of Australian aid assistance in the leadup to independence.

As with many other nations, the party most able to gain a working majority in the parliament forms a government. The members of parliament subsequently elect the head of government, the Prime Minister, who is currently Xanana Gusmão. Legislation in some areas may be vetoed by the directly elected head of state, the President, though this is largely a ceremonial role.

There is universal franchise for all citizens over the age of 17, although voting is not compulsory.

Presidents of the National Parliament of East Timor

Latest election

Main article: East Timorese parliamentary election, 2012


  • List of members of the parliament of East Timor, 2001–2007
  • List of members of the parliament of East Timor, 2007–2012
  • List of members of the parliament of East Timor, 2012–present

See also


External links

  • Parliament of East Timor
  • News reports about the East Timor National Parliament
  • About the Parliament

Coordinates: 8°33′17″S 125°34′43″E / 8.55472°S 125.57861°E / -8.55472; 125.57861

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