Parliament of Kyrgyzstan

Supreme Council
Жогорку Кеңеш
6th Supreme Council
Type
Type Unicameral
Leadership
Speaker Akhmatbek Keldibekov, Ata-Zhurt
Since 10 October 2010
Prime Minister Zhantoro Satybaldiyev, Independent
Since 5 September 2012
Opposition Leader Felix Kulov, Ar-Namys
Since 10 October 2010
Structure
Seats 120
Political groups
  Ata-Zhurt (28)
  Ar-Namys (25)
  Respublika (23)
  Ata-Meken (18)
Elections
Voting system party list proportional representation
Last election 10 October 2010
Website

The Supreme Council (Kyrgyz: Жогорку Кеңеш, transliterated as Žogorku Keňesh or Jogorku Kengesh) ([dʒoʁorqu keŋeʃ]) is the unicameral Parliament of Kyrgyzstan. It has 120 seats with members elected for a five-year term by party-list proportional voting.

History

From 1991, when Kyrgyzstan gained independence from the Soviet Union, until October 2007, when the Constitution was changed in a referendum, the Supreme Council consisted of the Legislative Assembly (Myizam Chygaruu Jyiyny, the upper house) and the Assembly of People's Representatives (El Okuldor Jyiyny, lower house) with 60 and 45 members, respectively. The members of both houses were elected to five-year terms. In the Assembly of People's Representatives all 45 members were elected in single-seat constituencies; in the Legislative Assembly 45 members were elected in single-seat constituencies and 15 were elected through party lists.

Since October 2007, the Supreme Council is a unicameral legislature. Originally it consisted of 90 members, however when in 2010 President Kurmanbek Bakiyev was ousted after riots, a new Constitution was adopted, that increased the number of members to 120. Parties are limited to 65 seats in order to prevent power concentration.

Last elections

2005 parliamentary election

The 2005 Kyrgyz parliamentary elections were held in February and March 2005. More than 400 candidates ran for the new 75-member unicameral legislative assembly. There were two rounds of voting held on 27 February and 13 March. Six seats were won by opposition politicians. Most candidates were officially independent. International observers said the elections fell short of international standards for democratic elections in several important areas. Widespread protests over alleged rigging of the election by the government culminated in the Tulip Revolution on 24 March. Revolutionaries overthrew President Askar Akayev.

See also

External links

  • Parliament website
  • Kyrgyzstan information page on the website of Asian Medical Institute Kyrgyzstan
  • Kyrgyzstan information page on the website of Medical Institute,Osh State University Kyrgyzstan
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