World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Parracombe

Article Id: WHEBN0029218701
Reproduction Date:

Title: Parracombe  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Blackmoor Gate, Shirwell Hundred, Exmoor, Survey of English Dialects, Barbrook
Collection: Exmoor, Villages in Devon
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Parracombe

Parracombe is a rural settlement near Lynton, in Devon, England. It is situated in the Heddon Valley, on Exmoor.

A number Bronze Age barrows exist nearby, along with several other small earth-works throughout the parish. Beacon Castle and Voley Castle both Iron Age Hill forts are situated nearby. Rowley Barton ("rough clearing") was a manor mentioned in the Domesday Book along with East and West Middleton.

Holwell Castle, at Parracombe was a Norman motte and bailey castle built to guard the junction of the east–west and north–south trade routes,[1] enabling movement of people and goods and the growth of the population.[2] Alternative explanations for its construction suggest it may have been constructed to obtain taxes at the River Heddon bridging place, or to protect and supervise silver mining in the area around Combe Martin.[3] It was 131 feet (40 m) in diameter and 20 feet (6 m) high above the bottom of a rock cut ditch which is 9 feet (3 m) deep.[4] It was built, in the late 11th or early 12th century, of earth with timber palisades for defense and a one or two story wooden dwelling.[1] It was probably built by either Martin de Tours, the first lord of Parracombe, William de Falaise (who married Martin's widow) or Robert FitzMartin,[1] although there are no written records to validate this.

Parracombe's St Petrock's Church is now in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust.[5]

Until 1935 the village was served by a halt on the Lynton & Barnstaple Railway which ran close to the centre of the settlement.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Holwell Castle". Everything Exmoor. Archived from the original on 2008-03-08. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  2. ^ "Ancient Exmoor". Holiday Exmoor. Archived from the original on 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2007-11-29. 
  3. ^ "Holwell Castle". North Devon Archaeological Society. Archived from the original on 2008-01-06. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  4. ^ "Holwell Castle, Parracombe". The Gatehouse. Retrieved 2008-01-03. 
  5. ^ "St Petrock, Parracombe".  
  •  

External links

  • Map sources for Parracombe



This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.