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Pauline Betz Addie

Pauline Betz Addie
Full name Pauline May Betz Addie
ITF name Pauline Addie
Country  United States
Born (1919-08-06)August 6, 1919
Dayton, Ohio
Died May 31, 2011(2011-05-31) (aged 91)
Potomac, Maryland
Height 1.66 m (5 ft 5 in)
Turned pro 1947
Retired 1951
Int. Tennis HOF 1965 (member page)
Singles
Career record Template:Format numeric span
Highest ranking 1 (1946)
Grand Slam Singles results
French Open F (1946)
Wimbledon W (1946)
US Open W (1942, 1943, 1944, 1946)
Doubles
Career record Template:Format numeric span
Grand Slam Doubles results
French Open F (1946)
Wimbledon F (1946)
US Open F (1942, 1943, 1944, 1945)
Grand Slam Mixed Doubles results
French Open W (1946)
Wimbledon F (1946)
US Open F (1941, 1943)
Template:Infobox medal templates

Pauline Betz Addie (née Pauline May Betz, August 6, 1919 – May 31, 2011[1]) was an American professional tennis player. She won five Grand Slam singles titles and was the runner-up on three other occasions. Jack Kramer has called her the second best female tennis player he ever saw, behind Helen Wills Moody.[2]

Early life

Betz attended Los Angeles High School and learned her tennis from Dick Skeen. She continued her tennis and education at Rollins College (graduating in 1943),[3][4][5][6] where she was a member of Kappa Alpha Theta sorority. She went on to win four United States Singles Championships.[5]

Career

Addie won the first of her four singles titles at the U.S. Championships in 1942, saving a match point in the semifinals against Margaret Osborne duPont while trailing 3–5 in the final set.[7] The following year, she won the Tri-State tournament in Cincinnati, Ohio, defeating Catherine Wolf in the final 6–0, 6–2 without losing a point in the first set,[7] a "Golden Set". She won the Wimbledon singles title in 1946, the only time she entered the tournament, without losing a set.[7] Her amateur career ended when she explored the possibilities of turning professional.[7]

According to John Olliff of The Daily Telegraph and the Daily Mail, Addie was ranked World No. 1 in 1946 (no rankings issued from 1940 through 1945).[8] Addie was included in the year-end top ten rankings issued by the United States Lawn Tennis Association from 1939 through 1946. She was the top ranked U.S. player from 1942 through 1944 and in 1946.[9]

Addie was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1965.[7]

The Pauline Betz Addie Tennis Center at Cabin John Regional Park in Potomac, Maryland was renamed in her honor on May 1, 2008. Addie, Allie Ritzenberg, and Stanly Hoffberger founded the center in 1972.[10]

Grand Slam record

  • French Championships
    • Singles runner-up: 1946
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1946
    • Mixed Doubles champion: 1946
  • Wimbledon
    • Singles champion: 1946
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1946
  • U.S. Championships
    • Singles champion: 1942, 1943, 1944, 1946
    • Singles runner-up: 1941, 1945
    • Women's Doubles runner-up: 1942, 1943, 1944, 1945
    • Mixed Doubles runner-up: 1941, 1943

Grand Slam singles finals

Wins (5)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1942 U.S. Championships Louise Brough Clapp 4–6, 6–1, 6–4
1943 U.S. Championships (2) Louise Brough Clapp 6–3, 5–7, 6–3
1944 U.S. Championships (3) Margaret Osborne duPont 6–3, 8–6
1946 Wimbledon Louise Brough Clapp 6–2, 6–4
1946 U.S. Championships (4) Doris Hart 11–9, 6–3

Runner-ups (3)

Year Championship Opponent in Final Score in Final
1941 U.S. Championships Sarah Palfrey Cooke 7–5, 6–2
1945 U.S. Championships Sarah Palfrey Cooke 3–6, 8–6, 6–4
1946 French Championships Margaret Osborne duPont 1–6, 8–6, 7–5

Grand Slam singles tournament timeline

Tournament 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 19461 Career SR
Australian Championships A A NH NH NH NH NH A 0 / 0
French Championships A NH R R R R A F 0 / 1
Wimbledon A NH NH NH NH NH NH W 1 / 1
U.S. Championships 1R QF F W W W F W 4 / 8
SR 0 / 1 0 / 1 0 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 1 / 1 0 / 1 2 / 3 5 / 10

NH = tournament not held. R = tournament restricted to French nationals and held under German occupation. A = did not participate in the tournament. SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.

1In 1946, the French Championships were held after Wimbledon.

Personal life

Betz was married to sportswriter Bob Addie.[7] She was the mother of author Kim Addonizio. She is survived by 4 other children including Rusty, Jon. Gary and Rick.

Death

Pauline Betz Addie died in her sleep on May 31, 2011. She was 91-years old.[11]

Records

Tournament Year Record accomplished Player tied
Tri-State tournament 1943 Achieved a Golden Set[12] Tine Scheuer-Larsen (1995)
Yaroslava Shvedova (2012)

See also

References

Template:Women's tennis players who won two or more Grand Slam singles titles in one calendar year

External links

  • International Tennis Hall of Fame
  • [1]

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