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Peachtree Street

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Title: Peachtree Street  
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Peachtree Street

People celebrating on Peachtree Street
Peachtree Street
Peachtree Road, Peachtree Boulevard, Peachtree Industrial Boulevard
South end Memorial Drive in Atlanta
North end Hall county line

Peachtree Street is the main street of Atlanta. Beginning at Five Points in Downtown Atlanta, it runs north through Midtown; upon entering Buckhead, its name changes to Peachtree Road. Much of the city's historic and noteworthy architecture is located along the street, and it is often used for annual parades (such as the Atlanta St. Patrick's Day Parade and Atlanta Christmas Parade), as well as one-time parades celebrating events such as the 100th anniversary of Coca-Cola in 1986 and the Atlanta Braves 1995 World Series victory.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Nomenclature 2
    • West Peachtree Street 2.1
  • Route numbers 3
  • Landmarks 4
  • Retail 5
  • Geography 6
  • In popular culture 7
  • Gallery 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

History

Peachtree Street in 1907, carrying streetcar, horse, and automobile traffic.

Atlanta grew on a site occupied by the Creek people, which included a major village called Standing Peachtree. There is some dispute over whether the Creek settlement was called Standing Peachtree or Standing Pitch Tree, corrupted later to peach. Pine trees, common to the area, were also known as pitch trees due to their sap.[1]

A trail known as the Peachtree Trail stretched from Gwinnett County and ran along the course of the trail to the Chattahoochee. Some portions of the present road trace this route.

After the American Civil War a shantytown named Tight Squeeze developed at Peachtree at what is now 10th Street in Midtown Atlanta. It was infamous for vagrancy, desperation, robberies of merchants transiting the settlement.[3][4]

In 1867, the name of Whitehall Street, the original road to White Hall Tavern in today's West End neighborhood, was changed to Peachtree Street from Marietta Street south to the railroad crossing (now "gulch") just north of Alabama Street.[5] Later in the 1980s,[6] the portion of Whitehall Street from Five Points south to Forsyth Street and Memorial Drive, a major shopping district from the Civil War through mid-20th century, was renamed Peachtree Street SE.

Peachtree Street, Downtown Atlanta, 1974

In 2007, Atlanta mayor Shirley Franklin unveiled a $1 billion, 20-year plan to transform Peachtree Street with streetscape upgrades, public parks, buried utilities, and the addition of a streetcar, based on a sixteen-month study by the Peachtree Corridor Partnership task force.[7][8]

Nomenclature

Peachtree Street as it travels through Midtown

The Peachtree name is common throughout the Atlanta area. In fact, it is often joked by natives that half of the streets in Atlanta are named Peachtree, and the other half have five names to make up for it. While "Peachtree" alone always refers to this street, there are 71 streets in Atlanta with a variant of "Peachtree" in their name.[9] Some of these include:

  • Peachtree Creek Road
  • Peachtree Lane
  • Peachtree Avenue
  • Peachtree Circle
  • Peachtree Drive
  • Peachtree Plaza
  • Peachtree Way
  • Peachtree Memorial Drive
  • New Peachtree Road
  • Peachtree Walk
  • Peachtree Park Drive
  • Peachtree Parkway
  • Peachtree Valley Road
  • Peachtree Battle Avenue (commemorating the Battle of Peachtree Creek)
  • Peachtree Dunwoody Road (running between Peachtree Street and Dunwoody, Georgia)
  • Old Peachtree Road (traces part of the route of the original Peachtree Trail for which the road is named)
Atlanta St. Patrick's Day Parade on Peachtree Street, 2013

Peachtree is also seen in place names:

  • Peachtree Center is a major development of skyscrapers and other high-rises in downtown, with Peachtree Center Avenue running a block east of Peachtree Street.
  • Peachtree City is a planned-suburb golf community located south of the city.
  • Peachtree Corners is also a planned suburb located north of the city.

West Peachtree Street

West Peachtree Street is not a western branch of Peachtree Street, but a major parallel (and unlike Peachtree, almost perfectly straight) due north/south street running one block west of Peachtree Street through downtown, and mostly two or three blocks west (due to the curves in Peachtree Street) through Midtown. West Peachtree divides the northeast and northwest quadrants of the city and county for street addressing purposes..

Where the current Peachtree Street turns to Peachtree Road and briefly heads northwest, it actually crosses West Peachtree, leaving it on the east side. It is at this point that the I-85. The studios of WSB-TV are located on this section of "West" Peachtree Street, which terminates at I-85. Through this section north of 17th Street in Midtown, and in downtown south of North Avenue to Peachtree Street (and continuing south then southwest on Peachtree to Luckie Street / Auburn Avenue), the MARTA north/northeast line (red and orange/gold trains) runs directly under West Peachtree. Between the two, it runs no more than a block to the east.

Route numbers

From the Buford-Spring Connector north to Roswell Road, Peachtree Street and Peachtree Road carry one-way streets: West Peachtree Street northbound and Spring Street southbound.

Peachtree meets Piedmont Road (U.S. 29, U.S. 78, and U.S. 278.

There are no direct freeways, all of which it crosses. However, there is a full interchange at I-285, at which point Peachtree Industrial Boulevard is built as an expressway for a few miles.

Landmarks

Modern glass structures on Peachtree Street in Midtown

Many of Atlanta's most prominent buildings and Westin Peachtree Plaza and SunTrust Plaza all line Peachtree. In Midtown, Bank of America Plaza, Atlanta's tallest building, is a block south of the "Fabulous" Fox Theatre, a grand movie palace completed in 1929.

Author Georgia-Pacific Building now stands.

Office buildings 1100 Peachtree (formerly owned and occupied by BellSouth) and 1180 Peachtree, home to major law firms, are prominent business addresses. The heart of Atlanta's arts scene is found just north on Peachtree where the Woodruff Arts Center, including the High Museum of Art, Atlanta Symphony, Alliance Theatre Company, and the Atlanta campus of the Savannah College of Art & Design are located.

Although most have been demolished, there are still several historic buildings left along Peachtree in Buckhead. Several of these are stores, in single-story brick buildings constructed well before the annexation of Buckhead in 1952.

Northeast of the Peachtree Corners.

Retail

The Buckhead shopping district features many high-end retailers, concentrated in the Phipps Plaza and Lenox Square malls. Buckhead Atlanta (formerly "Streets of Buckhead") is a mixed-use development under construction. The "Midtown Mile" was a concept to make part of Peachtree in Midtown like the Magnificent Mile in Chicago. Some speciality retail is located along Peachtree in Midtown such as CB2 the home furnishings and furniture retailer.

Geography

Peachtree Street in Downtown Atlanta during a rainstorm

Atlantans are often convinced that the Flint Rivers and therefore into the Gulf of Mexico, and the southeast side eventually into the Atlantic Ocean. In 1959, Whitehall Street SW, which meets Peachtree Street NE at Five Points, was renamed "Peachtree Street SW", and the Eastern Continental Divide follows this street, so a small portion of the story may be technically correct. Atlanta's primary water source is the Chattahoochee and much of the water is pumped over the watershed. To balance the river flows, treated sewage is pumped back to the Chattahoochee.

In popular culture

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ , p. 8Atlanta and EnvironsFranklin M. Garrett,
  2. ^ [2]
  3. ^ , p.746, Franklin M. GarrettAtlanta and Environs: A Chronicle of Its People and Events, 1820s-1870s
  4. ^ , p.19, Laurel-Ann DooleyWicked Atlanta: The Sordid Side of Peach City History
  5. ^ , p. 746Atlanta and EnvironsFranklin M. Garrett,
  6. ^ '"Atlanta Time Machine
  7. ^ Mahoney, Ryan (2007-03-30). "Streetcar named Peachtree may not begin when desired". Atlanta Business Chronicle. Retrieved 2007-05-21. 
  8. ^ [PAUL DONSKY, MARIA SAPORTA, "A new Peachtree for $1 billion",Atlanta Journal-Constitution, February 14, 2007]
  9. ^ Peachtree on Atlanta Sounds

External links

  • Midtown Mile: Atlanta's 14-block urban shopping district on Peachtree Street
  • Peachtree street: Take Another Look (GPB)
  • Fort Peachtree replica
  • Dozens of then/now photographs taken along Peachtree Street can be seen here
  • Peachtree Corridor Task Force
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