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Penang State Legislative Assembly

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Penang State Legislative Assembly

Penang State Legislative Assembly
Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang
Law Choo KiangPakatan Rakyat - PKR
since 28 June 2013
Lim Guan EngPakatan Rakyat - DAP
since 11 March 2008
Opposition Leader
Jahara Hamid, UMNO
since 28 June 2013
Seats 40
Penang Assembly seating plan.svg
30 / 40
10 / 40
Last election
5 May 2013
Meeting place
Dewan Undangan Negeri Penang Dec 2006 003.jpg
George Town

The Penang State Legislative Assembly is the state legislature of the Malaysian state of Penang. It is a unicameral institution, consisting of a total of 40 lawmakers.

The unicameral state legislature, whose members are called state assemblymen, convenes at the neoclassical Legislative Assembly building at Light Street. It has 40 seats, 29 of which are held by the Pakatan Rakyat compromising the Democratic Action Party which has 19 seats, nine by Parti Keadilan Rakyat and one by Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party defeating the Barisan Nasional with only 11 seats since the 2008 general elections. It was a sharp reversal from the 38 seats held by BN in the 2004 elections and only the second time since Independence that the state fell into non-BN control, the last being in 1969.


The Penang State Assembly's main function is to enact legislation and policies relating to the State List and Joint List as defined in the Federal Constitution. Its members also provide oversight on the state's executive branch of government, ensuring the state departments and agencies enforce the aforementioned legislation.[1] Debates in the Assembly are presided over by the Speaker.

The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Assembly is appointed Chief Minister by the Governor of Penang. The Chief Minister heads the state's executive, known as the State EXCO, whose members are also drawn from the Assembly.

State EXCO

Penang State EXCO[2]
Portfolio EXCO
Chief Minister
Land Matters and Land Development, Information, Heritage and Non-Islamic Religious Affairs
Lim Guan Eng
Deputy Chief Minister I
Industry Development, International Trade, Cooperatives and Community Relations, and Entrepreneur Development
Mohd Rashid Hasnon
Deputy Chief Minister II
State Economic Planning, Education and Human Resources, Science, Technology and Innovation
P. Ramasamy
Local Government, Traffic Management, and Flood Mitigation Chow Kon Yeow
Religious Affairs, Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Abdul Malik Abul Kassim
Public Works, Utilities and Transport Lim Hock Seng
Tourism Development, and Culture, Law Heng Kiang
Welfare, Caring Society and Environment Phee Boon Poh
Agriculture and Agro-based Industries, Rural Development and Health Afif Bahardin
Town and Countryside Planning, Housing Jagdeep Singh Deo
Youth and Sports, Women, Family and Community Development, and Arts Chong Eng
State Secretary Zainal Rahim Seman


The State Assembly also consists of committees to handle administrative matters. The committees include:[3]

  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Rights and Privileges Committee
  • Assembly Committee
  • Rules of Proceedings Committee
  • Constitutional Committee

Current composition

Penang state election, 2013

5 May 2013 (2013-05-05)

All 40 seats in the Penang State Legislative Assembly
21 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 86.93%
  First party Second party
Leader Lim Guan Eng Teng Chang Yeow
Party Pakatan Rakyat Barisan Nasional
Leader since  ()  ()
Leader's seat Air Putih Bukit Tengah (lost contest)
Last election 29 seats, 58.90% 11 seats, 40.96%
Seats before 29 11
Seats won 30 10
Seat change Increase1 Decrease1
Popular vote 490,978 233,246
Percentage 67.53% 32.09%
Swing Increase8.63% Decrease8.87%

Chief Minister before election

Lim Guan Eng
Pakatan Rakyat

Chief Minister-designate

Lim Guan Eng
Pakatan Rakyat

 Summary of the 5 May 2013 Penang State Assembly election results
Votes % of vote +/– Seats % of seats +/–
Pakatan Rakyat: 490,798 67.53 Increase8.63 30 75.0 Increase1
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 273,994 37.70 Increase5.45 19 47.5 Steady
Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) 179,705 24.73 Increase4.31 10 25.0 Increase1
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) 37,099 5.10 Decrease1.13 1 2.5 Steady
Barisan Nasional: 233,246 32.09 Decrease8.87 10 25.0 Decrease1
United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) 123,251 16.96 Decrease0.34 10 25.0 Decrease1
Malaysian People's Movement Party (Gerakan) 66,461 9.14 Decrease3.99 0 0.0 Steady
Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) 35,852 4.93 Decrease4.30 0 0.0 Steady
Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) 7,682 1.06 Decrease0.24 0 0.0 Steady
Independents and others 2,707 0.37 Increase0.23 0 0.0 Steady
Independents 2,332 0.32 Increase0.18 0 0.0 Steady
Parti Cinta Malaysia (PCM) 216 0.03 Increase0.03 0 0.0 Steady
Malaysian People's Welfare Party (KITA) 159 0.02 Increase0.02 0 0.0 Steady
Valid votes 726,751 98.79
Invalid/blank votes 8,888 1.21
Total votes 735,639 100 Steady 40 100 Steady
Registered voters 846,232 86.93


2008 results

 Summary of the 8 March 2008 Penang State Assembly election results
Votes % of vote Seats % of seats +/–
Pakatan Rakyat:
(Formal coalition formed after election)
319,757 58.90 29 72.5 Increase27
Democratic Action Party (DAP) 175,067 32.25 19 47.5 Increase18
Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) 110,872 20.42 9 22.5 Increase9
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS) 33,818 6.23 1 2.5 Steady
Barisan Nasional: 222,339 40.96 11 27.5 Decrease27
United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) 93,923 17.30 11 27.5 Decrease3
Malaysian People's Movement Party (Gerakan) 71,255 13.13 0 0.0 Decrease13
Malaysian Chinese Association (MCA) 50,123 9.23 0 0.0 Decrease9
Malaysian Indian Congress (MIC) 7,038 1.30 0 0.0 Decrease2
Independents 760 0.14 0 0.0 Steady
Overall total 542,856 100 40 100 Steady

Source: The Star[4], Malaysia

See also


  1. ^ Role and Membership of the State Assembly Penang State Assembly Portal
  2. ^ Penang State Government: EXCO
  3. ^ List of State Assembly Committees Penang State Assembly Portal
  4. ^ MALAYSIA DECIDES 2008 > General Election 2008 Results > Penang
  5. ^ Mohammad Fairus quits Penanti seat The Nut Graph. 16 April 2009
  6. ^ Penanti: Dr Mansor wins with 6,052 votes out of 7,100 The Star. 31 May 2009

External links

  • Penang State Assembly Portal
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