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Penn Street

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Penn Street

Coordinates: 51°37′59″N 0°40′52″W / 51.633°N 0.681°W / 51.633; -0.681

Penn

Holy Trinity parish church, Penn Street
Buckinghamshire
Population 3,961 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference SU912935
District Chiltern
Shire county Buckinghamshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town High Wycombe
Postcode district HP10
Dialling code 01494
Police Thames Valley
Fire Buckinghamshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Chesham & Amersham
List of places
UK
England
Buckinghamshire

Penn is a village and civil parish in the Chiltern district in Buckinghamshire, England, about 3 miles (4.8 km) north-west of Beaconsfield and 4 miles (6.4 km) east of High Wycombe. The parish, containing Penn village and the hamlets of Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green, covers an area of 3,991 acres.[2]

History

The parish name is originally Brythonic and means simply hill: Penn village stands on a particular promontory of the Chiltern Hills, and from the tower of the Holy Trinity Church in the village it is supposedly possible to see into not less than eight other counties. There is also a beacon hill with a signal post on it in the village boundary.

Segraves Manor, the principal manor in Penn, historically belonged to the Penn family. Sybil Penn, wife of David, was dry nurse and foster mother to King Edward VI and Lady of the Bed Chamber to his sister Queen Elizabeth I. William Penn (after whose father, Admiral Sir William Penn, Pennsylvania is named) erroneously believed himself to be a descendant of this family. However in 1735 the manor passed from the unmarried Roger Penn to his only heir and sister, who was married to Lord Curzon. Penbury Grove House was built in 1902 by the American engineer Horace Field Parshall to be a replica of Pennsbury Manor, William Penn’s house in Pennsylvania.

Penn Street, Knotty Green and Forty Green

Knotty Green Cricket Club. Refreshments are served in The Squirrel in Penn Street and The Red Lion in Knotty Green, pubs facing the respective commons.

The Royal Standard of England, Forty Green

Among the many country pubs in the parish is the 900 year old Royal Standard of England in Forty Green. Claiming to be the oldest freehouse in England, a building was mentioned on the site of this inn in documents when Penn Church (of Quaker fame) was dedicated in 1213 and was then called the Ship Inn. In the seventeenth century when battles were fought in the nearby beechwoods between the Roundheads and the Royalists, the inn became the headquarters of the Royalists and was called The Standard by the soldiers as the building stood on a hill. The story goes that King Charles I hid there. Certainly after the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, Charles II gave permission for the inn to be renamed and it is believed it is still the only one in the country bearing the name of The Royal Standard of England.[3]

Penn today

The area is a beautiful part of the Chiltern Hills, and is popular with people who work in London, due to its proximity to road (Junction 3 of the M40 motorway at Loudwater) and rail (Mainline rail at Beaconsfield and London Underground at Amersham) links into the city.

In 1983, Penn became the burial place of the British spy Donald Maclean. Ernest Saunders, one of the Guinness Four, was also a resident. The actor and singer Stanley Holloway, lived in Penn with his wife and son for many years during the 1950s and 1960s.[4] Violinist Peter Tanfield was born there. Chef and television personality Mary Berry also lives in Penn. The philosopher Professor Sir Karl Popper lived in Manor Road for many years.

The Cottage Bookshop in Penn has been used as one of the filming locations for the A Tale of Two Hamlets episode of the ITV television program Midsomer Murders. It was also used to film an episode called "Bookshop Chuckles" of the children's television show ChuckleVision. The tree acre set for Nanny McPhee was also constructed there.

Medical pioneers Dr. Louisa Garrett Anderson and Dr. Flora Murray are buried in the grounds of the Holy Trinity Church.

Penn has a Non-League football club Penn & Tylers Green F.C. who play at Elm Road.

References

External links

  • Penn and Tyler's Green Community and Village website - run by the Penn & Tylers Green Residents' Society - this site contains news, events, photos and a village map and articles.
  • Penn and Tyler's Green Independent Village website
  • Penn Street website
  • Knotty Green website
  • Royal Standard of England, Forty Green website
  • Penn and Tylers Green FC
  • Penn & Tylers Green Cricket Club
  • Penn Street Cricket Club
  • Knotty Green Cricket Club
  • 871 (Penn) Squadron Air Training Corps Website - Air Cadets
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