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People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

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People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Template:Infobox former country/autocat
Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Socijalistička Republika Bosna i Hercegovina
Социјалистичка Република Босна и Херцеговина
Constituent republic of Yugoslavia

1943–1992
Flag Coat of arms
Yugoslavia.
Capital Sarajevo
Languages Serbo-Croatian
Government Socialist republic
President
 -  1945–1946 Vojislav Kecmanović
 -  1948–1953 Vlado Šegrt
 -  1953–1963 Đuro Pucar
 -  1967–1971 Džemal Bijedić
 -  1971–1974 Hamdija Pozderac
 -  1978–1982 Raif Dizdarević
 -  1982–1984 Branko Mikulić
 -  1989–1990 Obrad Piljak
 -  1990–1992 Alija Izetbegović
Prime Minister
 -  1945–1948 Rodoljub Čolaković
 -  1948–1953 Đuro Pucar
 -  1956–1963 Osman Karabegović
 -  1969–1974 Dragutin Kosovac
 -  1974–1982 Milanko Renovica
 -  1990–1992 Jure Pelivan
Legislature National Assembly
Historical era Cold War
 -  Second Session of AVNOJ 29 November 1943
 -  Creation of Herzeg-Bosnia 18 November 1991
 -  Creation of Republika Srpska 9 January 1992
 -  Independence referendum 29 February 1992
 -  Outbreak of Bosnian War 5 April 1992
 -  Independence 6 April 1992
Area
 -  1991 51,129 km² (19,741 sq mi)
Population
 -  1991 est. 4,377,053 
     Density 85.6 /km²  (221.7 /sq mi)
Currency Yugoslav dinar
Part of a series on the
History of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Early history
Prehistory
Roman Dalmatia
Roman Pannonia
Middle Ages
Banate of Bosnia
Kingdom of Bosnia
Ottomans
Ottoman conquest
Ottoman era
(Eyalet / Vilayet)
Habsburgs
Habsburg era
(Bosnian crisis)
Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
(Drina Banovina)
World War II
SFR Yugoslavia
(SR Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Breakup of Yugoslavia
Contemporary
Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnian War
(Herzeg-Bosnia / Western Bosnia)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
(Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
(Republika Srpska)
Bosnia and Herzegovina portal

The Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (

  1. REDIRECT Template:Lang-hbs), known until 1963 as the People's Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, was one of the 6 republics forming the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is a predecessor of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina, and was formed during a meeting of the antifascist resistance in Mrkonjić Grad on 25 November 1943. The Socialist Republic was dissolved in 1990 when it abandoned communist institutions and adopted market ones, as the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina which declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1992. The Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina was up to 20 December 1990 in the hands of the League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The capital city was Sarajevo, which remained the capital following independence.

The borders of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina were almost identical to the ones Bosnia had during the period of the Austro-Hungarian rule that lasted until 1918. That year Bosnia became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia and during that period the territory was divided among banovinas. When SR Bosnia and Herzegovina was formed, it included what were the territories of most of Vrbas Banovina, the Western part of Drina Banovina, the North-Western part of Zeta Banovina, and the North-East part of Littoral Banovina.

Towards separation

The Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was renamed into the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina on April 8, 1992,[1] losing the adjective "Socialist".[1] It established a multi-party system and began moving towards a fully capitalist economic system. The republic retained Socialist Realism symbolism as it awaited new symbols which came after Yugoslav Wars. The republic became governed by President Alija Izetbegović, The constituent republic in a fractious political environment. In 1992, the Republic declared its Independence from The Socialist Federation Of Yugoslavia .

Heads of Institutions

Presidents

  • Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Vojislav Kecmanović (25 November 1943 - 26 April 1945)
  • Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
    • Vojislav Kecmanović (26 April 1945 - November 1946)
    • Đuro Pucar (November 1946 - September 1948)
    • Vlado Šegrt (September 1948 - March 1953)
  • Presidents of the People's Assembly
  • Presidents of the Presidency
    • Ratomir Dugonjić (May 1974 - April 1978)
    • Raif Dizdarević (April 1978 - April 1982)
    • Branko Mikulić (April 1982 - 26 April 1984)
    • Milanko Renovica (26 April 1984 - 26 April 1985)
    • Munir Mesihović (26 April 1985 - April 1987)
    • Mato Andrić (April 1987 - April 1988)
    • Nikola Filipović (April 1988 - April 1989)
    • Obrad Piljak (April 1989 - 20 December 1990)
    • Alija Izetbegović (20 December 1990 - 8 April 1992)

Prime Ministers

  • Prime Minister for Bosnia and Herzegovina (part of Yugoslav Government)
  • Prime Ministers
  • Chairmen of the Executive Council
    • Đuro Pucar (March 1953 - December 1953)
    • Avdo Humo (December 1953 - 1956)
    • Osman Karabegović (1956 - 1963)
    • Hasan Brkić (1963 - 1965)
    • Rudi Kolak (1965 - 1967)
    • Branko Mikulić (1967 - 1969)
    • Dragutin Kosovac (1969 - April 1974)
    • Milanko Renovica (April 1974 - 28 April 1982)
    • Seid Maglajlija (28 April 1982 - 28 April 1984)
    • Gojko Ubiparip (28 April 1984 - April 1986)
    • Josip Lovrenović (April 1986 - April 1988)
    • Marko Ceranić (April 1988 - 20 December 1990)
    • Jure Pelivan (20 December 1990 - 8 April 1992)

Literature

  • Worldstatesmen.org on Bosnia and Herzegovina

References

External links

Template:SFRY republics and provinces

Coordinates: 43°52′N 18°25′E / 43.867°N 18.417°E / 43.867; 18.417

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