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Pessary

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Pessary

A pessary is a medical device inserted into the vagina, either to provide structural support, or as a method of delivering medication.[1]

An assortment of pessaries

Contents

  • Types of pessaries 1
    • Therapeutic pessaries 1.1
    • Pharmaceutical pessaries 1.2
    • Occlusive pessaries 1.3
      • Stem pessary 1.3.1
  • General side effects 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Types of pessaries

Different types of pessaries

Therapeutic pessaries

A therapeutic pessary is a medical device similar to the outer ring of a

  1. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/pessary?s=t
  2. ^  
    • ACOG Committee on Practice, Bulletins--Gynecology (September 2007). "ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 85: Pelvic organ prolapse.". Obstetrics and gynecology 110 (3): 717–29.  .
  3. ^ Contraceptive Stem Pessary in Aluminium

References

See also

Side effects that are shared among most different types of pessaries are risks of increased vaginal discharge, vaginal irritation, ulceration, bleeding, and dyspareunia (painful intercourse for the male or female).

General side effects

The stem pessary, a type of occlusive pessary, was an early form of the cervical cap. Shaped like a dome, it covered the cervix, and a central rod or "stem" entered the uterus through the os, to hold it in place.[3]

Stem pessary

An occlusive pessary is generally used in combination with spermicide as a contraceptive.

Occlusive pessaries

A pharmaceutical pessary is used as a very effective means of delivery of pharmaceutical substances easily absorbed through the skin of the vagina or rectum, or intended to have action in the locality, for example against inflammation or infection, or on the uterus. Pessaries were used as birth control in ancient times.

Pharmaceutical pessaries

The pessary can be placed temporarily or permanently, and must be fitted by a physician, physician assistant, midwife, or advanced practice nurse. Some pessaries can be worn during intercourse.

. abortions. Historically, pessaries may have been used to perform rectocele and cystocele, retroverted uterus, a stress urinary incontinence of the uterus. It is also used to treat prolapse A pessary is most commonly used to treat [2]

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