World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Peter Mandelson

Article Id: WHEBN0000216970
Reproduction Date:

Title: Peter Mandelson  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Catherine Ashton, Margaret Beckett, List of Question Time episodes, New Labour, Roger Liddle, Baron Liddle
Collection: 1953 Births, Alumni of St Catherine's College, Oxford, British European Commissioners, Councillors in Lambeth, English Communists, English Male Writers, English People of Polish-Jewish Descent, English Political Writers, English Socialists, First Secretaries of State of the United Kingdom, Gay Politicians, Labour Party (Uk) Life Peers, Labour Party (Uk) Mps, Labour Party (Uk) Officials, Lgbt Life Peers, Lgbt Politicians from England, Living People, Lord Presidents of the Council, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom, People Educated at Hendon School, People from Hendon, Political Scandals in the United Kingdom, Politics of Hartlepool Borough, Secretaries of State for Northern Ireland, Uk Mps 1992–97, Uk Mps 1997–2001, Uk Mps 2001–05, Writers from London
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Peter Mandelson

The Right Honourable
The Lord Mandelson
First Secretary of State
In office
5 June 2009 – 11 May 2010
Monarch Elizabeth II
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
Preceded by John Prescott
Succeeded by William Hague
Lord President of the Council
In office
5 June 2009 – 11 May 2010
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
Preceded by The Baroness Royall of Blaisdon
Succeeded by Nick Clegg
Secretary of State
for Business, Innovation and Skills
In office
3 October 2008 – 11 May 2010
Prime Minister Gordon Brown
Preceded by John Hutton
Succeeded by Vince Cable
European Commissioner for Trade
In office
22 November 2004 – 3 October 2008
President José Manuel Barroso
Preceded by Pascal Lamy
Succeeded by Catherine Ashton
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
In office
11 October 1999 – 24 January 2001
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Mo Mowlam
Succeeded by John Reid
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
In office
27 July 1998 – 23 December 1998
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Margaret Beckett
Succeeded by Stephen Byers
Minister without Portfolio
In office
2 May 1997 – 27 July 1998
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Preceded by Brian Mawhinney
Succeeded by Charles Clarke
Member of Parliament
for Hartlepool
In office
9 April 1992 – 8 September 2004
Preceded by Ted Leadbitter
Succeeded by Iain Wright
Personal details
Born Peter Benjamin Mandelson
(1953-10-21) 21 October 1953
Hampstead Garden, UK
Political party Labour
Domestic partner Reinaldo Avila da Silva
Alma mater St Catherine's College, Oxford
Awards PC

Peter Benjamin Mandelson, Baron Mandelson, PC (born 21 October 1953) is a British Labour politician, president of international think tank Policy Network and Chairman of strategic advisory firm Global Counsel. He served as Member of Parliament (MP) for Hartlepool from 1992 to 2004, and held a number of Cabinet positions under Prime Ministers Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. He was also the European Commissioner for Trade between 2004 and 2008.

Mandelson was one of several individuals responsible for the rebranding of the Labour Party as New Labour and its subsequent landslide victory in the 1997 election.[1] He resigned twice from the Cabinet before leaving Parliament to take up an appointment as a European Commissioner. He later rejoined the Cabinet for a third time after being created a Life Peer, sitting on the Labour benches in the House of Lords.[2]


  • Early life 1
  • Labour's Director of Communications 2
  • Political career 3
    • Shadow Cabinet 3.1
    • Government Minister 3.2
      • First resignation 3.2.1
      • Second resignation 3.2.2
    • European Commissioner 3.3
    • Return to Cabinet 3.4
    • Post-Cabinet 3.5
  • Personal life 4
  • Links with Hull 5
  • Global Counsel 6
  • In the media 7
  • Bibliography 8
  • References 9
  • Further reading 10
    • Works 10.1
  • External links 11

Early life

Peter Mandelson was born in

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Ted Leadbitter
Member of Parliament
for Hartlepool

Succeeded by
Iain Wright
Political offices
Preceded by
Brian Mawhinney
Minister without Portfolio
Succeeded by
Charles Clarke
Preceded by
Margaret Beckett
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry
Succeeded by
Stephen Byers
Preceded by
Mo Mowlam
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland
Succeeded by
John Reid
Preceded by
Pascal Lamy
European Commissioner for Trade
Succeeded by
Catherine Ashton
Preceded by
John Hutton
Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills
Succeeded by
Vince Cable
Preceded by
John Prescott
First Secretary of State
Succeeded by
William Hague
Preceded by
The Baroness Royall
Lord President of the Council
Succeeded by
Nick Clegg
  • Profile at Parliament of the United Kingdom
  • Contributions in Parliament at Hansard 1803–2005
  • Current session contributions in Parliament at Hansard
  • Electoral history and profile at The Guardian
  • Voting record at
  • Record in Parliament at
  • Profile at Westminster Parliamentary Record
  • Profile at BBC News Democracy Live
  • Articles authored at Journalisted
  • Policy Network
  • Profile: Peter Mandelson BBC News, 3 October 2008, 13 August 2004
  • Peter Mandelson: Interview in full,, 18 August 2008, on sovereign wealth funds
  • Peter Mandelson: Interview on New Statesman, 1 October 2008.
  • Debrett's People of Today
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
  • Social Democracy Observatory
  • Peter Mandelson at the Internet Movie Database
  • Works by or about Peter Mandelson in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
  • Peter Mandelson collected news and commentary at The Guardian
  • Peter Mandelson collected news and commentary at The New York Times

External links

  • Mandelson, Peter (1997): Labour's next steps Fabian Society
  • Mandelson, Peter (2002): The Blair Revolution Revisited Politico's, ISBN 1-84275-039-9
  • Mandelson, Peter (2010). The Third Man: Life at the Heart of New Labour. HarperPress.  


  • Jones, Nicholas (2000): Sultans of Spin: The Media and the New Labour Government Orion Books, ISBN 0-7528-2769-3
  • Macintyre, Donald (1999): Mandelson: The Biography Harper Collins, ISBN 0-00-255943-9
  • Rawnsley, Andrew (2001): Servants of the People: The Inside Story of New Labour Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-027850-8
  • Routledge, Paul (1999): Mandy: The Unauthorised Biography of Peter Mandelson Simon & Schuster, ISBN 0-684-85175-X
  • Seldon, Anthony (2005): Blair The Free Press, ISBN 0-7432-3212-7

Further reading

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Profile: Peter Mandelson". BBC News. 3 October 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  2. ^ "Baron Mandelson joins the Lords". BBC News. 13 October 2008. Retrieved 29 October 2008. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ Boggan, Steve; Waugh, Paul (23 December 1998). "The Mandelson loan: Mystery of the pounds 475,000 townhouse". The Independent (London). 
  5. ^ Jenni Frazer (22 July 2010). "Mandelson on Judaism, Lord Levy and his JC dad". Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Mandelson, Peter (2010). The Third Man: Life at the Heart of New Labour. HarperPress.  
  7. ^ "Person Page 41260". The peer age. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 
  8. ^ Macintyre, Donald (21 April 1999). "A life less ordinary". The Independent (London). 
  9. ^  
  10. ^ Ahmed, Kamal (19 January 2003). "Race winner". The Observer (UK). Retrieved 16 July 2008. 
  11. ^ Rawnsley, Andrew (1 March 2009). "On his return, Mandelson shows he's ready to fight". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  12. ^ Grice, Andrew (21 April 2003). "Peter Mandelson: 'Prince of Darkness' who travels the world spreading the gospel for New Labour – Profiles, People". The Independent (UK). Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  13. ^ Prince of darkness' returns"'". BBC News. 12 October 1999. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  14. ^ "SIGNED, 'THE DARK LORD'" Daily Mail, 1 May 2010.
  15. ^ Swaine, Jon (3 October 2008). "Peter Mandelson: Timeline of his career". The Telegraph (London). Retrieved 26 April 2010. 
  16. ^ a b Steven Fielding "Labour Party Election Broadcast (21 May 1987)", BFI screenonline
  17. ^ a b Tim Walker "Why Chariots of Fire director Hugh Hudson won't make broadcasts for Ed Miliband", The Telegraph, 14 July 2012
  18. ^ "The rise and fall of New Labour". BBC News. 3 August 2010. 
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 52903. p. 7176. 24 April 1992. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  20. ^ "The Tony Blair Story". BBC News. 10 May 2007. Retrieved 23 September 2008. 
  21. ^ "Brown and Mandelson: It's Love". New Statesman. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  22. ^  
  23. ^ "Peter breaks cover (again) as the Blairite battalions come out". 
  24. ^ "Peter Mandelson: Labour's election campaign needs to express its vision and beliefs". The Independent (UK). 14 May 2001. Retrieved 12 August 2009. 
  25. ^ Carrell, Severin (16 June 2000). "The Independent"Page told ministers to stay away from Dome', . London. Retrieved 31 July 2008. 
  26. ^ a b "Double resignation rocks government". BBC News. 23 December 1998. Retrieved 13 February 2007. 
  27. ^ "Mandelson gets mortgage all-clear". BBC News. 8 January 1999. Retrieved 13 February 2007. 
  28. ^  
  29. ^ Brogan, Benedict (16 October 2000). "'"Mandelson 'lied over home loan. Telegraph (London). Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  30. ^ "Mandelson 'lied' over loan". The Independent (London). 16 October 2000. 
  31. ^ "Mandelson passes first Commons test". BBC News. 20 October 1999. Retrieved 13 February 2007. 
  32. ^ "Mandelson resigns over Hinduja affair". BBC News. 24 January 2001. Retrieved 3 October 2008. 
  33. ^ The London Gazette: no. 56106. p. 1223. 31 January 2001. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  34. ^ Andrew Grice, "The Mandelson Resignation: Passport to Oblivion", The Independent, 25 January 2001
  35. ^ "Mandelson faces new challenger". BBC News. 5 May 2001. Retrieved 5 April 2009. 
  36. ^ Ask Aristotle. "Hartlepool". The Guardian (London). Archived from the original on 12 March 2009. Retrieved 5 April 2009. 
  37. ^ Kirkup, James (17 August 2004). "Mandelson appointed to lead EU trade". The Scotsman (UK). Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  38. ^ The London Gazette: no. 57414. p. 11832. 20 September 2004. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  39. ^ Wintour, Patrick (1 October 2004). "Tories pushed into fourth place as Labour holds on to Hartlepool". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 28 November 2009. 
  40. ^ Prince, Rosa (8 May 2009). "MPs expenses: Questions over timing of Peter Mandelson’s house claim". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 18 August 2009. 
  41. ^ Anthony Browne, Daniel McGrory and Lewis Smith "Mandelson, the computer king and a party on a luxury yacht", The Times, 22 April 2009
  42. ^ Jon Swaine (6 October 2008). "Peter Mandelson to have kidney stone removed". The Daily Telegraph (UK). Retrieved 7 September 2009. 
  43. ^ Rowan Callick (8 October 2008). "British politician Peter Mandelson ill after yoghurt in China". The Australian. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  44. ^ Robertson, David (21 October 2008). "Lord Mandelson and Oleg Deripaska dined together 'a year before they met’". The Times (UK). Retrieved 23 October 2008. 
  45. ^ "UK. Conservatives Linked to Deripaska".  
  46. ^ Robertson, David; Charter, David (13 October 2008). "Peter Mandelson dogged by his links to Russian oligarch". The Times (UK). Retrieved 23 October 2008. 
  47. ^ "'"Tories seek Mandelson 'clarity. BBC News. 26 October 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2008. 
  48. ^ Parfitt, Tom (28 October 2008). "Mandelson silent on Deripaska". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 30 October 2008. 
  49. ^ Parfitt, Tom (29 October 2008). "Mandelson hails thaw in relations with Moscow". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 30 October 2008. 
  50. ^ "Veteran KGB spy revealed as Deripaska's right-hand man".  
  51. ^ Christopher Hope: Lord Mandelson must remain loyal to EU to guarantee pension The Daily Telegraph, 16 March 2009.
  52. ^ "Mandelson becomes peer amid controversy". Politics. Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  53. ^ Nicholas Watt (13 October 2008). "Peter Mandelson goes to Lords amid new controversy". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  54. ^ "Mandelson to return to government". BBC News. 3 October 2008. Retrieved 3 October 2008. 
  55. ^ The London Gazette: no. 58848. p. 15551. 10 October 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  56. ^ The London Gazette: no. 58855. p. 15991. 17 October 2008. Retrieved 21 October 2008.
  57. ^ House of Lords Minute of Proceedings of Monday 13 October 2008.
  58. ^ "Mandelson throws his weight behind third Heathrow runway". The London Evening Standard. 15 December 2008. Retrieved 27 November 2009. 
  59. ^ "Mandelson custard woman cautioned". BBC News. 9 April 2009. Retrieved 15 April 2009. 
  60. ^ Hines, Nico: Protester throws green custard in the face of Lord Mandelson and walks away The Times, 6 March 2009
  61. ^ a b Wintour, Patrick. "Weakened Gordon Brown unable to shift cabinet's bigger beasts". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 5 June 2008. 
  62. ^ Full list of Cabinet members, Prime Minister’s Office, 5 June 2009
  63. ^ Wardrop, Murray (22 July 2009). "Lord Mandelson's empire: 35 Cabinet committee posts". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 22 May 2010. 
  64. ^ Coates, Sam (26 August 2009). "Families could lose broadband access as Mandelson takes on web pirates". Times (London). Retrieved 21 April 2011. 
  65. ^ "The Net closes in on internet piracy". The Independent (London). 16 August 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009. 
  66. ^ Oliver, Jonathan (16 August 2009). "Mandelson targets web pirates after dinner with mogul". The Times Online (London). Archived from the original on 3 April 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2009. 
  67. ^ Wilson, Dean (1 August 2011). "Documents show the Digital Economy Act was a done deal all along". The Inquirer. Retrieved 14 August 2011. 
  68. ^ Hennessy, Patrick (7 March 2009). "Harriet Harman less popular than Peter Mandelson among Labour members". Telegraph webside (London). Retrieved 8 March 2009. 
  69. ^ cited in The Daily Telegraph, 2 March 1996, "Blair: In his own words", BBC News Channel, 11 May 2007
  70. ^ Ben Wright "Labour learns to love Mandelson", BBC News at Ten, 28 September 2009
  71. ^ Andrew Rawnsley by Peter Mandelson"The Third Man", The Observer, 18 July 2010
  72. ^ Matthew d'Ancona by Peter Mandelson: review"The Third Man",, 28 July 2010
  73. ^ "Mandelson memoirs condemned by Labour leadership rivals". BBC News. 17 July 2010. 
  74. ^ Collins, Nick (30 November 2010). "Lord Mandelson to head 'classy' consultancy firm". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  75. ^ Jim Pickard (31 May 2013). "Mandelson looks east for Russian directorship". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  76. ^ "Press Releas: Lord Mandelson to Serve as a Senior Adviser to Lazard" (PDF). Lazard, Ltd. 21 January 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2011. 
  77. ^ a b Holly Watt (21 August 2011). "Mandelson poised to buy £8m home". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  78. ^ Lord Mandelson confirms he is advising company accused of illegal logging Peer's consultancy works for paper and pulp multinational alleged to have chopped down protected trees Guardian 10 May 2012
  79. ^ Yoghurt for forests! Danone drops Asia Pulp and Paper, plans zero deforestation policy Greenpeace 2 April 2012
  80. ^ The Ramin Paper Trail Asia Pulp & Paper Under Investigation – Part 2 in short Greenpeace 1 March 2012
  81. ^ "No more Falkirks". Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  82. ^ Wintour, Patrick (27 June 2013). "Unite threatens Labour with legal action over Falkirk row". The Guardian (London). 
  83. ^ "Peter Mandelson refuses to defend links to Russian defence firm". 4 April 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  84. ^ "'"Lord Mandelson to attend Putin's 'vanity summit. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  85. ^ Lord Mandelson: Don't rush to oust Jeremy Corbyn
  86. ^ Haldenby, Andrew (4 May 2003). "'"Fury as Dalyell attacks Blair's 'Jewish cabal. The Daily Telegraph (London). Archived from the original on 15 November 2007. Retrieved 13 April 2008. 
  87. ^ House of Commons. "The House of Commons – Register of Members' Interests". Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  88. ^ House of Commons. "British House of Commons – Register of Journalists' Interests". Retrieved 13 April 2010. 
  89. ^ Skelton, Charlie (19 May 2009). "Our man at Bilderberg". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 20 August 2009. Mandelson's office has confirmed his attendance at this year's meeting: "Yes, Lord Mandelson attended Bilberberg. He found it a valuable conference." 
  90. ^ Andrew Gilligan and Adrian Gatton (11 July 2010). "The mystery of Lord Mandelson's finances". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  91. ^ Esther Addley (29 January 2014). "Diary: Could Peter Mandelson's Euston hovel explain his opposition to HS2?". The Guardian. Retrieved 20 January 2015. 
  92. ^ "The truth was `out'. And so were the knives". The Independent. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  93. ^ "East Yorkshire city brings back ancient roles". BBC News. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  94. ^ "Lord Mandelson appointed to High Steward of Hull post". BBC News. Retrieved 19 August 2015. 
  95. ^ "Putin and the Prince of Darkness". The Daily Mail. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  96. ^ "Mandelson faces having to name business clients". The Sunday Times. 22 March 2015. Retrieved 30 June 2015. 
  97. ^ "Storyville, 2010-2011, Mandelson: The Real PM?". BBC Four. 28 November 2010. Retrieved 24 May 2013. 


  • (with Roger Liddle) The Blair Revolution: Can New Labour Deliver? Faber, 1996 ISBN 978-0571178186 ; The Blair Revolution Revisited, (2nd ed), Politicos, 2002, ISBN 978-1842750391
  • (contributor) The City in Europe and the World, European Research Forum at London Metropolitan University, 2006 ISBN 978-0954744816
  • The Third Man: Life at the Heart of New Labour Harper Press, 2010 ISBN 978-0007395286


In the media

Lord Mandelson has also been criticised for so far not disclosing his clients.[96]

Global Counsel have many controversial clients including BP, Betfair, Glencore and Asia Pulp & Paper, as well as having connections with many high-net-worth Russian individuals associated with Vladimir Putin and MPs like Dr the Hon. Tristram Hunt and The Hon. Ed Vaizey, as well as former British Cabinet Ministers such as Ed Balls and Douglas Alexander.[95]

In 2010, Lord Mandelson and Benjamin Wegg-Prosser founded Global Counsel, a strategic advisory firm based in London. The firm provides advice for corporate strategists and senior management worldwide.

Global Counsel

The Office of High Steward was created in 1583 while the Office of Sheriff dates back to 1440. The High Steward serves for 10 years while the Sheriff serves for three. The city's first High Steward was Lord Rockingham, Hull businessman and MP Thomas Robinson Ferens as well as former Home Secretary, Herbert Morrison and Mandelson's maternal grandfather.[94]

In 2013 Hull had received permission from The Queen to reinstate the ancient posts of High Sheriff and High Steward, posts which had been abolished following the Local Government Act 1972. Hull City Council commissioned a new chain of office for the High Steward and refurbished the Sheriff's chain of office for the Sheriff. Funding for the chains came from money bequeathed to the Council by Colonel Rupert Alexander Alec-Smith, who had served as Sheriff of Hull between 1949 and 1950, Lord Mayor of Hull in 1970 and 1971, as well as Lord Lieutenant of Humberside between 1980 and 1983.

Lord Prescott, who was MP for Hull East from 1970 to 2010, said he was surprised the matter had not been discussed with him. He also said: "I also have no interest in being a Steward again - I did that job on the liners for 10 years."

In 2013 Mandelson was appointed to the post of High Steward of Hull.[93] In this he followed in the footsteps of his grandfather Herbert Morrison who was High Steward of Hull from 1956 to 1965. At the same time, former Tory MP Virginia Bottomley was appointed to the revived role of Sheriff of Hull.

Links with Hull

His long-term partner is Reinaldo Avila da Silva, from Brazil, whose relationship with Mandelson was the subject of an unofficial 'outing' on BBC's Newsnight in October 1998.[92]

In 2006 Mandelson bought a house near Regent's Park, North London,[90] and in 2011 moved into another house near Regent's Park bought for £7.6 million.[77][91]

In 2011 he was guest of honour at Herbert Morrison Primary School in Vauxhall, South London. The school was hosting a special themed day in honour of Mandelson's grandfather, Herbert Morrison, after whom the school was named.

In 1999, 2009 and 2011 Mandelson was an invited guest of the Bilderberg Group and attended the annual conferences.[88][89]

Mandelson was until 8 October 2008 the President of Central School of Speech and Drama.[87] He was replaced in this un-remunerated post by playwright Harold Pinter, who died some weeks later.

Tam Dalyell, while Father of the House of Commons, claimed Mandelson formed part of Blair's 'Jewish cabal' in May 2003. In response Mandelson said: "Apart from the fact that I am not actually Jewish, I wear my father's parentage with pride."[86]

Personal life

Mandelson believes Labour is unelectable with Jeremy Corbyn as party leader but advises Labour Party members unhappy with Corbyn as leader to wait for Corbyn to show he is unelectable before working to replace him.[85]

In April 2014 it was reported that Mandelson had strong ties to Russian arms conglomerate Sistema.[83] The next month, it was reported by the same journalist that Mandelson would attend the 'Vanity Summit' of Vladimir Putin.[84]

On 27 June 2013, writing for the Progress website, Mandelson warned Labour it risked harming its election chances if affiliated trade unions continued to "manipulate parliamentary selections" as was alleged in the 2013 Labour Party Falkirk candidate selection controversy.[81][82]

In May 2012 Lord Mandelson confirmed that he was advising Asia Pulp & Paper (APP) in selling timber products to Europe. In 2012 APP was accused of illegal logging in Indonesia and damaging the habitats of rare animals such as the Sumatran tiger. At least 67 companies worldwide, such as Tesco and Kraft Foods since 2004 and Danone since 2012 have boycotted APP.[78][79][80]

In May 2011 it was revealed that there was speculation that Mandelson had been approached by David Cameron.

In November 2010 Lord Mandelson became Chairman of Global Counsel LLP, a consultancy firm, with the financial support of WPP, the advertising giant.[74][75] On 21 January 2011, it was announced by that Lord Mandelson would serve as a senior adviser to the advisory investment banking firm, Lazard.[76][77]

During this time he was appointed President of the international think tank Policy Network.

After the Labour Party failed to win the 2010 general election and its subsequent departure from government, Mandelson's memoirs, The Third Man: Life at the Heart of New Labour, were published in July 2010, a little over two months after leaving office.[71][72] The memoirs were subsequently criticised by Labour leadership contenders Ed and David Miliband and Andy Burnham.[73]


An opinion poll conducted by the centre-left think tank Compass found in March 2009 that Mandelson was less disliked by party members than Deputy Leader Harriet Harman. This was felt to be unusual as Mandelson "historically has been unpopular among Labour members".[68] Tony Blair's assertion in 1996 that "my project will be complete when the Labour Party learns to love Peter Mandelson"[69] was seen as prophetic in late September 2009 when Mandelson was enthusiastically received at the party conference in Brighton.[70]

In August 2011 a Freedom of Information (FOI) request showed that Mandelson had decided to approve the inclusion of technical measures, such as the disconnection of internet access, at least two months before public consultation had finished, and that he had shown little interest in the consultation. Letters from Mandelson's office document talks with Lucian Grainge, CEO of Universal Music Group on 2 June 2009, and that on the following day Mandelson advised Lord Carter about the "possibility of [the Secretary of State] having a power to direct Ofcom to go directly to introduce technical measures". Mandelson made the formal announcement that technical measures, including disconnection, were to be included in the Digital Economy Bill two months later on 7 August 2009.[67]

In August 2009 Mandelson was widely reported to have ordered "technical measures" such as internet disconnection to be included in the draft of the Digital Economy Act 2010 after a "big lobbying operation", even though the Digital Britain report had rejected this type of punishment.[64] The Independent reported that according to their Whitehall sources, Mandelson was persuaded that tough laws were needed to reduce online copyright infringement following an intensive lobbying campaign by influential people in the music and film industry.[65] The paper also reported that this included a meeting with DreamWorks co-founder David Geffen at the Rothschild family villa on the Greek island of Corfu. Mandelson's spokesperson claimed that there had been no discussion of internet piracy during the Corfu dinner and suggested that the decision to reverse Lord Carter's findings had been taken in late July before the trip. The Times reported after the Corfu meeting that an unnamed Whitehall source had confirmed that before this trip, Mandelson had shown little personal interest in the Digital Britain agenda, which has been ongoing for several years. According to the source of The Times, Mandelson returned from holiday and effectively issued an edict that the regulation needed to be tougher.[66]

Mandelson was a member of 35 of the 43 Cabinet committees and subcommittees.[63]

In a Cabinet reshuffle on 5 June 2009 Mandelson was granted the honorific title of First Secretary of State and appointed Lord President of the Council;[61] it was also announced that the Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills would be merged into his, giving him the new title of Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills, and that he would continue as President of the Board of Trade.[61][62]

Following his return to office, Mandelson supported the planned Heathrow expansion.[58] On 6 March 2009, environmental protester Leila Deen of anti-aviation group Plane Stupid approached him outside a summit on the government's low carbon industrial strategy, and threw a cup of green custard in his face in protest over his support for a third runway at Heathrow Airport. The protester was cautioned on 9 April for causing "harassment, alarm or distress".[59][60]

On 3 October 2008, as part of Gordon Brown's Cabinet reshuffle, it was announced amid some controversy[52][53] that Mandelson would return to Government in the re-designated post of Business Secretary, and would be raised to the peerage thus becoming a member of the House of Lords.[54][55] On 13 October 2008 he was created Baron Mandelson, of Foy in the County of Herefordshire and of Hartlepool in the County of Durham,[56] and was introduced in the House of Lords the same day.[57]

Return to Cabinet

In October 2008 he left his post as Trade Commissioner to return to UK politics. As a former EU Commissioner, Lord Mandelson is entitled to a £31,000 pension when he reaches the age of 65 years. This however is contingent on a "duty of loyalty to the Communities", which applies also after his term in office. The Taxpayers' Alliance, which uncovered the threat to his pension, demanded that he should declare the conflict of interest and either relinquish his EU pay cheques or resign as a minister. "When one considers that his new ministerial post deals specifically with business, enterprise and regulatory reform – all areas that are intimately involved with EU legislation, regulation and policy –" the group said, "the conflict of interest is even more stark." Mandelson did not agree that he had a conflict of interests. "He has always had a clear view of British interests and how they are secured by our EU membership," a spokesperson said.[51]

In October 2008 Mandelson was reported to have maintained private contacts over several years with Russian oligarch Moscow to visit Deripaska in 2005.[50]

In 2008 Mandelson was hospitalised, suffering from a kidney stone. At this time, melamine added to milk in China had caused kidney stones and other ailments in thousands of Chinese children, killing at least six. Ironically, during the previous week Mandelson had drunk a glass of Chinese yoghurt in front of reporters in order to show his confidence in Chinese dairy products, although his own kidney stones were unrelated.[42][43]

During the summer of 2008 Mandelson had a widely-publicised disagreement with Nicolas Sarkozy, President of France.[1] Sarkozy accused him of trying to sell out European farmers and appeared to blame his handling of the Doha round of trade talks for the "no" vote in the Irish referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon. Mandelson said his position at world trade talks had been undermined and told the BBC he did not start the row, saying, "I stood up for myself, I'm not to be bullied." He said he believed the row was over but renewed his warnings on protectionism.[1]

On 22 April 2005 The Times revealed that Mandelson had spent the previous New Year's Eve on the yacht of Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft, which was at the centre of a major EU investigation, although it did not allege impropriety.[41]

On 22 November 2004 Mandelson became Britain's European Commissioner, taking the trade portfolio.

European Commissioner

During the 2009 expenses scandal The Daily Telegraph raised questions about the timing of Mandelson’s second home allowance claim, dating from 2004, saying, "Lord Mandelson billed the taxpayer for almost £3,000 of work on his constituency home in Hartlepool less than a week after announcing his decision to stand down as an MP." Mandelson said in a statement, "The work done was necessary maintenance. All claims made were reasonable and submitted consistent with parliamentary rules."[40]

Despite Labour success in the June 2001 general election, a third Cabinet appointment did not materialise and he indicated his interest in becoming the United Kingdom's European Commissioner when the new Commission was established in 2004. Both of Britain's Commissioners, Neil Kinnock and Chris Patten, were due to stand down. Appointment as a European Commissioner would require his resignation from Parliament precipitating a by-election in his Hartlepool constituency. His appointment was announced in the summer and on 8 September 2004 Mandelson resigned his seat by submitting his name as Steward of the Manor of Northstead.[37][38] Labour won the subsequent Hartlepool by-election with a much-reduced majority of 2,033 votes (equating to 40.7% of the vote).[39] He was succeeded as MP for Hartlepool by Iain Wright.

At the 2001 general election Mandelson was challenged by Arthur Scargill of the Socialist Labour Party and by John Booth, a former Labour Party press officer standing as "Genuine Labour",[35] but Mandelson was re-elected with a large majority.[36] This prompted him to make an exuberant acceptance speech, which was televised live, in which he declared that "I'm a fighter, not a quitter"[1] and referred to his "inner steel".

On 24 January 2001 Mandelson resigned from the Government for a second time, following accusations of using his position to influence a passport application.[32][33] He had contacted Home Office Minister Mike O'Brien on behalf of Srichand Hinduja, an Indian businessman who was seeking British citizenship, and whose family firm was to become the main sponsor of the "Faith Zone" in the Millennium Dome. At the time Hinduja and his brothers were under investigation by the Indian government for alleged involvement in the Bofors scandal. Mandelson insisted he had done nothing wrong and was exonerated by an independent inquiry by Sir Anthony Hammond, which concluded that neither Mandelson nor anyone else had acted improperly. The front page headline in The Independent read in part "Passport to Oblivion".[34]

Second resignation

He was out of the Cabinet for ten months. In October 1999 he was appointed Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, replacing Mo Mowlam. In his very first speech in the post he mistakenly referred to himself as the "Secretary of State for Ireland."[31] During his tenure he oversaw the creation of the devolved legislative assembly and power-sharing executive, and reform of the police service.

On 16 October 2000 it was reported that Robinson had "accused Peter Mandelson of lying to the Commons about the home loan affair that cost both of them their government jobs."[29][30]

Mandelson bought a home in Notting Hill in 1996 with the assistance of an interest-free loan of £373,000 from Geoffrey Robinson, a millionaire Labour MP who also served in HMG and subject to an inquiry into his business dealings by Mandelson's department.[26] Mandelson contended that he had deliberately not taken part in any decisions relating to Robinson. However he had not declared the loan in the Register of Members' Interests, and resigned on 23 December 1998.[26] Mandelson had also not declared the loan to his building society (the Britannia) although they decided not to take any action, with the CEO stating "I am satisfied that the information given to us at the time of the mortgage application was accurate."[27] Mandelson initially thought he could weather the press storm, but had to resign when it became clear that the Prime Minister thought nothing else would clear the air.[28]

First resignation

In July 1998 he was appointed to the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Trade and Industry; he launched the Millennium Bug And Electronic Commerce Bill and a Competitiveness White Paper, which he described, as 'bold, far reaching and absolutely necessary'. He also appointed a "Net Tsar" to lead the UK in what he termed the "new industrial revolution". In 1998 he was appointed a Privy Counsellor.

He was appointed as a Minister without Portfolio in the Cabinet Office, where his job was to co-ordinate within government. A few months later, he also acquired responsibility for the Millennium Dome, after Blair decided to go ahead with the project despite the opposition of most of the cabinet (including the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport who had been running it). Jennie Page, the Dome project's chief executive, was abruptly sacked after a farcical opening night. She gave evidence to a House of Commons Select Committee for Culture and Heritage in June 2000. In what was seen as a reference to the close interest in the Dome from Mandelson, known at the time as so-called "Dome Secretary", and his successor Lord Falconer of Thoroton, Ms Page told the committee: "I made several attempts to persuade ministers that standing back from the Dome would be good for them as well as good for the Dome".[25]

Government Minister

After becoming a close ally and trusted adviser to Tony Blair, Mandelson was Labour's election campaign director for the 1997 general election, which Labour won decisively.[24]

Following Smith's sudden death on 12 May 1994, Mandelson chose to back Blair for the leadership, believing him to be a superior communicator than Brown[20] and played a leading role in the leadership campaign. This created antagonism between Mandelson and Brown, though they were considered allies in the Labour Party.[21] In 1994 Kate Garvey suggested that Mandelson (who was at the time being derided by the trade unions and other Labour factions), should adopt a "nom de guerre" throughout Blair's leadership bid, so that he might conceal his considerable role within the campaign team. Mandelson agreed to be called "Bobby" for the duration and was thanked by Blair using this name in his victory speech.[22][23]

First elected to the House of Commons at the 1992 general election,[19] Mandelson made several speeches outlining his strong support for the European Union. Although sidelined during the brief period when John Smith led the party, Mandelson was by now close to two Shadow Cabinet members – Gordon Brown and Tony Blair – each regarded as potential future leaders of the party.

Shadow Cabinet

Political career

He ceased being a Labour Party official in 1990 when he was selected as Labour candidate for the safe seat of Hartlepool.

In 1986 Mandelson ran the campaign at the Fulham by-election in which Labour defeated the Conservative Party.[15] For the 1987 election campaign, Mandelson commissioned film director Hugh Hudson, whose Chariots of Fire (1981) had won an Oscar as Best Picture, to make a party political broadcast promoting Neil Kinnock as a potential prime minister. Tagged "Kinnock – the Movie", it led to the party leader's approval rating being raised by 16%[16] or 19% in polls[17] and was even repeated in another PPB slot.[16] The election, held on 11 June 1987, returned Margaret Thatcher's Conservatives for the third time, although Labour gained 20 seats,[18] and, this time, convincingly pushed the SDP-Liberal Alliance into third place. Opponents termed the Labour Party's election campaign "a brilliantly successful election defeat".[17]

Mandelson was able to secure close friendships within the Labour Party because of his uncle Alexander Butler, who had worked alongside many important Labour politicians during the 1960s. In this role he was one of the first people in Britain to whom the term "spin doctor" was applied; he was thus called "the Prince of Darkness"[12][13] and, after his ennoblement, "the Dark Lord", nicknames he apparently enjoys having.[14]

Labour leader Neil Kinnock appointed him as Labour's director of communications in 1985.

Labour's Director of Communications

Mandelson worked as a television producer at London Weekend Television on Weekend World, where he formed a friendship with his superior John (now Lord) Birt.

In his teenage years, he was also a member of the NOLS Conference when the entryist Militant group lost control of NOLS. He was elected to Lambeth Borough Council in September 1979 but stood down in 1982, disillusioned with the state of Labour politics.[11]

From 1973 to 1976 he read World Festival of Youth and Students in Havana, Cuba, where with several future Labour Cabinet colleagues, he - together with Hilary Barnard, future IUSY President, and Trevor Phillips - successfully frustrated agreement on a distorted Soviet text on youth in the capitalist countries.[9][10]

[8].The Winslow Boy as the eponymous lead in Hampstead Garden Suburb Dramatic Society In 1966 he appeared on stage with the local amateur theatre group, the [1].Hendon County Grammar School and between 1965 and 1972 [6] He attended Garden Suburb Primary School[7] Leader and Labour Cabinet Minister.London County Council, the Herbert Morrison On his mother's side he is the grandson of Margaret (Kent) and [6].World War II in Royal Dragoons in the officer who was commissioned as an [5]The Jewish Chronicle His father's family was Jewish, his grandfather had founded the Harrow United Synagogue. His father (known as Tony) was the advertising manager of [4]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.