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Pfalz E.II

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Title: Pfalz E.II  
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Pfalz E.II

Type H
Morane Saulnier Type H on display at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace at Paris Le Bourget airport
Role Sport aircraft
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1913
Developed from Morane-Saulnier G
Variants Morane-Saulnier L

The Morane-Saulnier H was a sport aircraft produced in France in the years before the First World War,[1][2] a single-seat derivative of the successful Morane-Saulnier G with a slightly reduced wingspan[2] Like the Type G, it was a successful sporting and racing aircraft.

Operational history

During the second international aero meet, held at Wiener Neustadt in June 1913, Roland Garros won the precision landing prize in a Type H.[3] Later that same year, A Morane-Saulnier H was used to complete the first non-stop flight across the Mediterranean, from Fréjus in the south of France to Bizerte in Tunisia.[4]

The French Army ordered a batch of 26 aircraft, and the British Royal Flying Corps also acquired a small number, these latter machines purchased from Grahame-White, who was manufacturing the type in the UK under licence.[2] The French machines saw limited service in the opening stages of World War I, with pilots engaging in aerial combat using revolvers and carbines.[2]

The type was also produced under licence in Germany by Pfalz Flugzeugwerke, who built it as the E.I, E.II, E.IV, E.V, and E.VI, with increasingly powerful engines.[5][6] These were armed with a single, synchronised lMG 08 machine gun.[5][6]

Another German-built version, slightly longer, and featuring a steel-framed fuselage, a redesigned undercarriage integrated with the under-wing bracing pylons, and an enlarged, comma shaped rudder, entered production as the Fokker M.5. In 1915 this aircraft was fitted with a synchronised machine gun, forming the basis for the Fokker "Eindecker" monoplane fighters.[7]

Survivors

A Type H is preserved at the Musée de l'Air et de l'Espace in Le Bourget.

Variants

Morane-Saulnier versions

  • MoS.1 H (single seater)
  • MoS.2 G (two seater)
  • MoS.3 L (parasol monoplane)
  • MoS.13 M (armoured single seater)

Pfalz versions

  • E.I - with Oberursel U.0 rotary engine (45 built)[8]
  • E.II - with Oberursel U.I rotary engine (130 built)[8]
  • E.IV - with Oberursel U.III rotary engine (46 built)[8]
  • E.V - with Mercedes D.I water-cooled, inline engine (20 built)[8]
  • E.VI - with Oberursel U.I engine, lengthened fuselage, enlarged tail fin and reduced bracing (20 built as trainers)[8][9]

Fokker version

  • Fokker M.5 - basis for the Fokker Eindecker fighters.

Operators

 France
 Austria-Hungary
 Belgium
 Denmark
 Germany
 Portugal
 United Kingdom
 Russia

Specifications

Data from flugzeuginfo.net

General characteristics
  • Crew: One pilot
  • Length: 5.84 m (19 ft 2 in)
  • Wingspan: 9.12 m (29 ft 11 in)
  • Height: 2.26 m (7 ft 5 in)
  • Empty weight: 188 kg (415 lb)
  • Gross weight: 444 kg (979 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C, 60 kW (80 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph)
  • Range: 177 km (111 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 1,000 m (3,280 ft)

Notes

References

it:Morane-Saulnier Type H
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