World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Phallic processions

Article Id: WHEBN0016656108
Reproduction Date:

Title: Phallic processions  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ritual clown, Cult of Dionysus, Comedy, Hōnen Matsuri, Music history
Collection: Cult of Dionysus, Music History
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Phallic processions

A modern gathering in Japan (Kanamara Matsuri) similar to those of the Greek tradition.

Phallic processions, or Penis Parade,[1] called phallika in ancient Greece, were a common feature of Dionysiac celebrations; they were processions that advanced to a cult center, and were characterized by obscenities and verbal abuse.[2] The display of a fetishized phallus was a common feature.[3][4] In a famous passage in chapter 3.3 of the Poetics, Aristotle formulated the hypothesis that the earliest forms of comedy originated and evolved from "those who lead off the phallic processions", which were still common in many towns at his time.[2][5][6]

The city of Tyrnavos in Greece holds an annual Phallus festival, a traditional phallophoric event on the first days of Lent.[7]

In August 2000, to promote a representation of Balkan music; the phallic device was banned by the staff of the Edinburgh Festival.

Similar parades of Shinto origin have long been carried out in Japan. Although the practice has been mostly eradicated in Japan, a few, such as Kawasaki's Kanamara Matsuri and Komaki's Hōnen Matsuri continue to this day.


  • See also 1
  • Notes 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

See also


  2. ^ a b Dunkle, Roger The origins of comedy in Introduction to Greek and Roman Comedy
  3. ^ Pickard-Cambridge 1962, 144–62
  4. ^ Reckford 1987, 443–67
  5. ^ Poetics, 1449a10-13 quotation:
  6. ^ Mastromarco, Giuseppe: (1994) Introduzione a Aristofane (Sesta edizione: Roma-Bari 2004). ISBN 88-420-4448-2 p.3
  7. ^ The Annual Phallus Festival in Greece, Der Spiegel, English edition, Retrieved on 15-12-08


  • Richardson, N. J., The Homeric Hymn to Demeter. Oxford, 1974, pp. 214–15
  • O’Higgins, Laurie, Women and Humor in Classical Greece. Cambridge, 2003. p. 57
  • For the outrageous practice of "abuse from the wagons" see Fluck, H., Skurrile Riten in griechischen Kulten. Diss. Freiburg. Endingen, 1931., pp. 34–51
  • Pickard-Cambridge, Arthur, Dithyramb, Tragedy, and Comedy. 2nd edition, rev. by T.B.L. Webster. Cambridge, 1962.
  • Reckford, Kenneth, Aristophanes’ Old-and-New Comedy. Chapel Hill, 1987. pp. 463–65
  • [Ralph M. Rosen] (2006) Comic Aischrology and the Urbanization of Agroikia, pages 219–238
  • The Problem of Origins in Cornford, F. M. the Origin of Attic Comedy. Ed. T. H. Gaster. Intro Jeffrey Henderson. Ann Arbor: U of MI P, 1993.
  • Eric Csapo Riding the Phallus for Dionysus: Iconology, Ritual, and Gender-Role De/Construction Phoenix, Vol. 51, No. 3/4 (Autumn–Winter, 1997), pp. 253–295 doi:10.2307/1192539

External links

  • The Origins of Comedy from the Central University of New York
  • THE RURAL DIONYSIA of Apollonius Sophistes
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.