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Philip William, Elector Palatine

Philip William
Elector Palatine
Count Palatine of Neuburg
Philip William in 1685
Born (1615-11-24)24 November 1615
New Palace, Gießen, Germany
Died 2 September 1690(1690-09-02) (aged 74)
Vienna, Austria
Burial Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Spouse Anna Catherine Constance Vasa
(m. 1642–45; her death)
Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
(m. 1653–90; his death)
Issue
Detail
Eleonor Madeleine, Holy Roman Empress
John William, Elector Palatine
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Alexander Sigismund, Bishop of Augsburg
Francis Louis, Archbishop of Trier
Maria Sophia, Queen of Portugal
Maria Anna, Queen of Spain
Dorothea Sophie, Duchess of Parma
Hedwig Elisabeth, Princess Sobieski
House House of Wittelsbach
Father Wolfgang William, Count Palatine of Neuburg
Mother Magdalene of Bavaria

Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (German: Philipp Wilhelm) (24 November 1615 – 2 September 1690) was Count Palatine of Neuburg from 1653 to 1690, Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1679 and Elector of the Palatinate from 1685 to 1690. Son of Wolfgang Wilhelm, Count Palatine of Neuburg and Magdalene of Bavaria.

Life

In 1685, with the death of his Protestant cousin, the Elector Palatine Charles II, Philip William inherited the Electorate of the Palatinate, which thus switched from a Protestant to a Catholic territory. The rival claims to the Palatinate of the Duchess of Orléans, Louis XIV's sister-in-law, was the pretext for the French invasion of the Palatinate in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.

Marriages

He married twice; first to Princess Anna Catherine Constance Vasa, daughter of Sigismund III Vasa and Constance of Austria. The couple had a son who died at birth. Anne Catherine Constance herself died in 1651.

In 1653 Philipp Wilhelm was married to Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt,

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