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Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur

Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur
Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur (1558-1602)
Spouse(s) Marie de Luxembourg
Noble family House of Lorraine
Father Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur
Mother Jeanne de Savoie-Nemours
Born (1558-09-09)9 September 1558
Nomeny
Died 19 February 1602(1602-02-19) (aged 43)
Nuremberg

Philippe Emmanuel de Lorraine, Duke of Mercœur (9 September 1558, Nomeny, Meurthe-et-Moselle – 19 February 1602, Nürnberg), the eldest surviving son of Nicholas, Duke of Mercœur and Jeanne de Savoie-Nemours, was a French soldier and prominent member of the Catholic League.

Engraving of Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercœur

He was made a knight of the Order of Saint Esprit in 1578. His wife was Marie de Luxemburg, the Duchess of Penthièvre.

Rebellion in Brittany

In 1582 he was made governor of Brittany by Henry III of France, who had married his half-sister. In 1588 Mercœur put himself at the head of the League in Brittany, and had himself proclaimed protector of the Roman Catholic Church in the province.

His wife's family, the House of Penthièvre, were descendants of the House of Dreux as Dukes of Brittany. The House of Penthièvre had lost the dukedom of Brittany to the House of Montfort in the Nantes, calling his son "prince and duke of Brittany".

He formed an alliance with Spain and continued to press for his independence from France when Henry IV became King of France. Henry IV of France sent against him led by the duc de Montpensier. With the aid of the Spaniards he defeated the French at the Battle of Craon in 1592. However, the royal troops were reinforced by English contingents, and soon recovered the advantage. The king marched against Mercœur in person, and received his submission at Angers on 20 March 1598.

Henry IV assured his control of Brittany through the marriage of his illegitimate son to Mercœur's daughter Francoise.

Later Years

Mercœur subsequently went to Hungary, where he entered the service of the emperor Rudolph II. He fought against the Turks, taking Székesfehérvár in 1601.

Family

Philippe married [[Marie de Luxemburg, Duchess of

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