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Philomelion

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Philomelion

For other uses, see Akşehir (disambiguation).
Akşehir
District

Location of Akşehir within Turkey.
Akşehir
Akşehir
Location of Akşehir within Turkey.

Coordinates: 38°21′N 31°25′E / 38.350°N 31.417°E / 38.350; 31.417

Country  Turkey
Province Konya
Government
 • Mayor Abdulkadir Oğul (AKP)
Area
 • District  km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Elevation 1,025 m (3,363 ft)
Population ()
 • Urban
 • District
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 42xxx
Area code(s) 0332
Licence plate 42
Website www.aksehir.gov.tr

Akşehir (Ottoman Turkish: اقشهر) is a town and district of Konya Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 114,918 of which 63,000 live in the town of Akşehir.[1][2] The town was known in the Roman and Byzantine empires as Philomelium or Philomelion (Greek: Φιλομήλιον) respectively.

The town is situated at the edge of a fertile plain, on the north side of the Sultan Dagh.[3]

Climate

Climate data for Aksehir
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5
(41)
7
(44)
11
(51)
16
(60)
21
(69)
25
(77)
28
(82)
28
(82)
25
(77)
18
(64)
13
(55)
7
(44)
17
(62.2)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−1
(30)
1
(33)
5
(41)
9
(48)
12
(53)
14
(57)
14
(57)
10
(50)
6
(42)
2
(35)
0
(32)
5.8
(42.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 71
(2.8)
66
(2.6)
69
(2.7)
69
(2.7)
56
(2.2)
46
(1.8)
18
(0.7)
13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
48
(1.9)
56
(2.2)
80
(3)
610
(23.8)
Source: Weatherbase [4]

History

Philomelion was probably a Pergamenian foundation on the great Graeco-Roman Highway from Ephesus to the east, and to its townsmen the Smyrniotes wrote the letter that describes the martyrdom of Polycarp. Cicero, on his way to Cilicia, dated some of his extant correspondence there; and the place played a considerable part in the frontier wars between the Byzantine emperors and the Sultanate of Rum. It became an important Seljuk town, and late in the 14th century passed into Ottoman hands. There Bayezit I of the Ottoman Empire is said by Ali of Yezd to have died after his defeat at the Battle of Ankara.[3]

Modern times

The town's landmarks include the alleged tomb of Nasreddin Hoca, the tomb of Seydi Mahmut, the house used as headquarters by the Turkish Army during the last phase of the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922), other monuments and old Turkish houses.

Between 5 July and 10 July each year, commemorations with concerts and other social activities are held to the memory of Akşehir's famous resident, Nasreddin Hodja.

With its rich architectural heritage, Akşehir is a member of the Norwich-based European Association of Historic Towns and Regions.[5]

Name

The name Akşehir literally means "white city" in Turkish. It is a compound of two Turkish words, namely ak, "white", and şehir, "town". The word şehir comes from Persian شهر shahr, "town".

In English usage other spellings of the name include Ak-Shehr, Ak-Shahr, Akshehr, Akshahr, Akshehir, and Aqshahr.

See also

  • Doğrugöz

Notes

References

  • http://tuikrapor.tuik.gov.tr/reports/rwservlet?adnks=&report=turkiye_ilce_koy_sehir.RDF&p_il1=42&p_ilce1=532&p_kod=2&desformat=html&ENVID=adnksEnv
Attribution
  • public domain: 

External links

  • District governor's official website (Turkish)
  • District municipality's official website (Turkish)

Coordinates: 38°21′27″N 31°24′59″E / 38.35750°N 31.41639°E / 38.35750; 31.41639

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