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Pitsunda

Pitsunda
ბიჭვინთა (Georgian)
Пиҵунда (Abkhaz)

Bichvinta
The view of Caucasus mountains from Pitsunda cape.
The view of Caucasus mountains from Pitsunda cape.
Location of Pitsunda
Location of Pitsunda
Pitsunda
Location of Pitsunda
Coordinates:
Country Abkhazia[note 1])
Government
 • Mayor Chingis Bigvava[1]
 • Deputy Mayor Beslan Smyr[2]
Website http://www.pitsunda-ab.ru/

Pitsunda or Bichvinta[3] (

  1. ^ a b c d """У К А З "О главе администрации города Пицунда.  
  2. ^ "Администрация городов, сёл и посёлков Гагрского района".  
  3. ^ Numerous sources in the discussion
  4. ^ a b c  "Pityus".  
  5. ^ Kacharava, D. D. (1983–1984). "Archaeological Investigations on the Eastern Black Sea Littoral, 1970-80". Archaeological Reports (The Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies) 30: 99.  
  6. ^ Called Scythae and Borani in comtemporary sources
  7. ^ Wolfram; Dunlap, Thomas J. (1990). History of the Goths. University of California Press. p. 49.  
  8. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 953
  9. ^ Blatter, Joachim; Ingram, Helen M. (2001). Reflections on water: new approaches to transboundary conflicts and cooperation. MIT Press. pp. 221–2.  
  10. ^ "Курорт Пицунда стал городом". Администрация так называемого Президента, так называемой Республики Абхазия ( Грузия). 8 February 2007. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "Подведены итоги выборов в так называемое народное собрание г.Пицунда". City Administration of Pitsunda. 17 February 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "В Администрации города Пицунды прошло первое заседание так называемого Народного собрания". City Administration of Pitsunda. 18 February 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2012. 
  13. ^ "так называемый Глава Администрации г.Пицунда". The official website of the City Administration of Pitsunda. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 

References

  1. ^ a b autonomous republic, whose government sits in exile in Tbilisi.

Notes

Gallery

Heads of the Administration of the Urban-type Settlement Pitsunda:
# Name Entered office Left office Governor of Gagra District Comments
Chingiz Bigvava ≤ June 2000 Grigori Enik
Jon Dbar ≥ January 2006 Valeri Bganba
Beslan Ardzinba October 2006 [13] 8 February 2007 Astamur Ketsba
Heads of the Administration of the Town Pitsunda:
# Name Entered office Left office President Comments
1 Beslan Ardzinba 8 February 2007 29 May 2011 Sergei Bagapsh
29 May 2011 1 June 2014 Alexander Ankvab
1 June 2014 28 October 2014 [1] Valeri Bganba
2 Chingis Bigvava 28 October 2014 [1] Present Raul Khajimba

List of Mayors

Following the May 2014 Revolution and the election of Raul Khajimba as President, on 28 October 2014 he replaced Ardzinba as Mayor with Chingis Bigvava.[1]

Since 2014

[12] On 14 February, during the first session of the new convocation, Damir Kokoskeria was elected Chairman of the Assembly over Gennadi Cherkezia, by a one vote difference.[11] In the 2011 assembly elections, Mayor

2011 Assembly elections

On 8 February 2007, after many appeals by inhabitants, the People's Assembly of Abkhazia resolved to give Pitsunda town-status. Parliamentarians expressed the hope that the decision would help Pitsunda develop as a resort.[10] Since becoming a town, the Mayor of Pitsunda is no longer appointed by the Governor of Gagra District but instead directly by the President of Abkhazia.

Town status

Administration

Pitsunda was the favourite resort of First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev. In October 1964 he happened to be vacationing in Pitsunda when he was deposed from power. Khrushchev once proposed a major dam and hydroelectric power scheme on the Bzyb River near Pitsunda, but his experts informed him that a dam built on the Bzyb River would have had catastrophic effects in causing beach erosion at Pitsunda. In the end, the dam was built on the Inguri River instead, where the impact upon the coastline was assessed to be considerably less pronounced.[9]

Saint titular see,[4] but it is not now found in the Catholic Church's list of such sees.[8] In the late 13th century, the area housed a short-lived Genoese trade colony called Pezonda.

The Goths[6] attacked the city in 255 CE after taking the Bosporan fleet. The Roman garrison under the command of Successianus repelled the attack, however they returned in the next year, took the city and proceeded further to sack Trebizond.[7]

The town was founded in the 5th century BC as Pityus (Ancient Greek: Pityus, Πιτυοῦς, genitive Pityuntos, Πιτυοῦντος) or Pitiunt, a Greek colony and trade port on the coast of the Kingdom of Lazica.[4] The city was surrounded by a defensive wall, the castellum had a second line of defence built in mid-3rd century AD.[5] Excavations guided by Andria Apakidze unearthed remains of three 4th-century churches and a bath with superb mosaic floors. The former "Great Pityus" harbour is now a mere lake within the town.

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administration 2
    • Town status 2.1
    • 2011 Assembly elections 2.2
    • Since 2014 2.3
    • List of Mayors 2.4
  • Gallery 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5

[note 1].Abkhazia of Gagra district in resort town) is a Пицунда: Russian; Пиҵунда: Abkhaz; ბიჭვინთა

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