World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Pittsburgh Athletic Club


Pittsburgh Athletic Club

Pittsburgh Athletic Club
City Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
League Western Pennsylvania Hockey League
Operated 1895-1904, 1907-1909
Home arena Duquesne Gardens
Schenley Park Casino
Colors Red, White
General manager Charles Miller
Captain Harry Stoebener (1899-1900)
Regular season titles (3) 1898-99, 1899-00, 1900-01

The Pittsburgh Athletic Club or Pittsburgh PAC was one of the earliest professional ice hockey teams. It was based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania from around 1895 until 1904 and again from 1907 to 1909. The team was a member of the Pittsburgh Hockey League, which was formed in 1896 and became known as the Western Pennsylvania Hockey League by 1900.[1]


  • History 1
    • Origins 1.1
    • Championship era: 1899-1901 1.2
    • Revive and quick demise 1.3
  • Hall of Famers 2
  • References 3



Pittsburgh Athletic Club, 1899, 1900 and 1901 WPHL Champions

In 1895, Pittsburgh officials, constructed the Schenley Park Casino which featured the first artificial ice-making plant in North America. The 1895-96 winter season also saw the first introduction of hockey in the city. On December 30, 1895, the Pittsburgh Press made mention of a “great international hockey and polo tournament” opening game at the Casino. The newspaper reported that a team consisting of ten players from Queen's University played against a group of local players from Western University (today the University of Pittsburgh) and Pittsburgh Catholic College of the Holy Ghost (today Duquesne University) and a half hour of exhibition of hockey was played before the polo match. The paper noted that 2,500 to 3,000 fans showed up to watch the game, despite claims of bad weather. No score or records were reportedly kept but the paper did note that the team from Queen's University outplayed the Pittsburghers, who had never played the game before.[2]

After seeing the excitement and fan appeal of the hockey game, the Casino's management decided to organize a senior league at the rink. The league was strictly amateur and was named the Western Pennsylvania League.[3] The league played its first season in 1896–97 at the Casino, with four teams, the Pittsburgh Athletic Club, the Duquesne Country & Athletic Club (or Pittsburgh Duquesne), Western University of Pennsylvania (the University of Pittsburgh today) and a team known as Pittsburgh, or the 'Casino' team. The Pittsburgh Athletic Club team was managed by Charles S. Miller, who became the league's president.[4]

Championship era: 1899-1901

The Duquesne Gardens on January 19, 1901 The Pittsburgh Athletic Club vs. Queen's University. Queen's won, 1-0, in front of 5,523 at the Gardens.
This postcard of the event was published in 1909
The league played at the Casino twice a week, on Tuesday and Friday nights.[5] The first "big league" championship (season) game was November 17, 1896 between Duquesne Country & Athletic Club and the Pittsburgh Athletic Club, won by Duquesne 2–1.[6] However the league's season was cut short on December 16, when the Casino rink was destroyed by fire. The 'Casino' team, Pittsburgh Athletic Club and Western University teams all lost their hockey equipment in the fire.[7] A fire at the Casino in December 1896[8] destroyed the only ice hockey rink in Pittsburgh and the league dissolved without a championship.[9]

The team and the league were revived by the construction of an artificial ice rink at the Duquesne Gardens. The league's second season began on January 24, 1899, when the Gardens hosted its first hockey game in a match between the Pittsburgh Athletic Club and Western University of Pittsburgh.[10] The Pittsburgh Athletic Club would then go on to claim the league’s first championship.[11] The team then won th next two titles, which resulted in being awarded the $500 Trophy, in 1900 and again in 1901[12]


  1. ^ "Another Hockey Tie". The Pittsburg Press. February 25, 1900. p. 17. 
  2. ^ "1895-1896 Pittsburgh’s Schenley Park Casino". Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ Amateur Sport". Pittsburg Press: p. 8. December 20, 1896.
  4. ^ Miller, Charles S. (November 24, 1901). "Speed is Hockey's Chief Charm".  
  5. ^ "First Hockey Game". Pittsburg Press. November 8, 1896. p. 6. 
  6. ^ "Amateur Sports".  
  7. ^ Amateur Sport". Pittsburg Press: p. 6. December 17, 1896.
  8. ^ "Pittsburg's Casino Burned".  
  9. ^ Trietley, Greg (November 1, 2011). "Oakland Once the Hockey Center of Pittsburgh". Pitt News. 
  10. ^ "1896-1956 Duquesne Gardens". Pittsburgh Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b "Before the NHL: Western Pennsylvania Hockey League, International Professional Hockey League". Crashing the Net. Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b "Is Pittsburgh the Birthplace of Professional Hockey?". Pittsburgh Retrieved April 19, 2012. 
  13. ^ Bouchette, Ed (May 2, 1999). "Ice Age".  
  14. ^ Grove, Bob. "Pittsburgh hockey thriving for more than a century". Pittsburgh Retrieved April 19, 2012. 


Hall of Famers

The WPHL, along with the Pittsburgh Athletic Club team was revived in for the 1907-08 season. The team now featured several of Canada's top talent such as Albert Kerr, Ken Mallen, Garnet Sixsmith and Cyclone Taylor. However the WPHL, could no longer rely on salaries as novelty to attract Canadian talent, since professionalism had spread into Canda. Many players signed up, particular since the WPHL played on the Duquesne Gardens' artificial ice and was not dependent on cold weather to provide a naturally frozen surface, however as winter began and Canadian rinks became available, the players would just flock north to teams closer to home. This jumping effected all of the league's teams. The Pittsburgh Athletic Club itself saw the mid-season defections of stars like Cyclone Taylor and Con Corbeau to Canada. Finally, after the 1908-09 season the WPHL and the Pittsburgh Athletic Club team disbanded.[11]

Revive and quick demise

The WPHL and its teams lasted until the end of the 1903-04 season, when the league pulled their best players to field one Pittsburgh team, the Pittsburgh Professionals, to play in the International Professional Hockey League.

[14] from 1903 to 1906.Ottawa Silver Seven titles as a player and coach with the Stanley Cup, who won four straight Hall of Famer, a future Alf Smith In 1904, the Pittsburgh Athletic Club was captained by [12]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.