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Plantar interossei muscles

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Title: Plantar interossei muscles  
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Subject: Dorsal interossei of the foot, Foot, Interossei, Foot muscles, Palmar interossei muscles
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Plantar interossei muscles

Plantar interossei muscles
The Interossei plantares. Left foot.
Latin Musculi interossei plantares
Origin Metatarsals
Insertion Proximal phalanges
Plantar Artery, and Dorsal Metatarsal A
Lateral plantar nerve
Actions adduct toes
Antagonist Dorsal interossei of the foot
Anatomical terms of muscle

In human anatomy, the plantar interossei of the foot are three muscles located between the metatarsal bones.


  • Structure 1
    • Innervation 1.1
  • Function 2
  • Additional images 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


The three plantar interosseous muscles are unipennate and originate on a single metatarsal bone. The three muscles originate on the medial aspect of metatarsals III-V. The muscles cross the metatarsophalangeal joint of toes III-V so the insertions correspond with the origin and there is no crossing between toes.[1]

The muscles then continue distally along the foot and insert in the proximal phalanges III-V. The muscles cross the metatarsophalangeal joint of toes III-V so the insertions correspond with the origin and there is no crossing between toes.[1]


All of three interosseous muscles are innervated by the lateral plantar nerve. The lateral plantar nerve is a branch from the tibial nerve, which originally branches off of the sciatic nerve from the sacral plexus.[1]


Since the intersseous muscles cross on the metatarsophalangeal joint, then they act on that specific joint and cause adduction of toes III, IV, and V.[1]

Adduction itself isn't of extreme importance to the toes, but the these muscles work together with the dorsal interosseous muscles in flexion of the foot. They also work together to strengthen the metatarsal arch.[2]

Additional images

See also


This article incorporates text in the public domain from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918)

  1. ^ a b c d
  2. ^

External links

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