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Pleistarchus

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Pleistarchus

Pleistarchus
Father Leonidas I[1]
Mother Queen Gorgo
Born Sparta
Died 458 BC

Pleistarchus or Plistarch (Ancient Greek: Πλείσταρχος Pleistarkhos; died 458 BC) was the Agiad King of Sparta from 480 to 458 BC.[2]

Contents

  • Family 1
  • Biography 2
  • In popular culture 3
  • Family tree 4
  • Notes 5

Family

Pleistarchus was born as a Queen Gorgo.

His grandparents were Kings Anaxandridas II and Cleomenes I.[3] He was born from an avunculate marriage – his parents were uncle and niece.[4]

His uncle Cleombrotus was his tutor.[5]

It is unknown whether Pleistarchus was married.

Biography

It is possible that Pleistarchus was exempt from the agōgē, the rigorous education and training regimen mandated for all male Spartan citizens, except for the crown prince.

Pleistarchus' father King Leonidas perished in 480 BC at the Battle of Thermopylae. For the early part of Pleistarchus' reign, first his uncle Cleombrotus and then, after Cleombrotus' death (in 479 BC), his cousin Pausanias acted as regent because Pleistarchus was not of age.[6]

The successor of Pleistarchus was Pleistoanax, son of Pausanias.

In popular culture

Pleistarchus as king of the Spartans is a major character in Sacred Games, by Gary Corby.

A young Pleistarchus was portrayed by Giovani Cimmino in the 2007 feature film 300.

A young Pleistarchus (titled Leo Jr.) was portrayed by Hunter Clary in the 2008 parody feature film Meet the Spartans.

Family tree

Notes

  1. ^ Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology/Pleistarchus 1.
  2. ^ Jona Lendering (2006-03-31). "Eurypontids and Agiads". Livius.org. Retrieved 2011-07-24. 
  3. ^ Herodotus; Histories, A. D. Godley (translator), Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1920; ISBN 0-674-99133-8. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  4. ^ "Gorgo of Sparta". Ancienthistory.about.com. 2011-07-07. Retrieved 2011-07-24. 
  5. ^ Herodotus, The Greek-Persian War (Osiris, Budapest, 2000) ISBN 963-379-309-2
  6. ^ The History of the Peloponnesian War by Thucydides
Preceded by
Leonidas I
Agiad King of Sparta
480 – 458 BC
Succeeded by
Pleistoanax
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